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The Tragedy of the Commoners: The Decline of the Customary Marine Tenure System of Tonga

Malm, Thomas LU (2001) In SPC Traditional Marine Resource management and Knowledge Information Bulletin p.3-13
Abstract
The breakdown of traditional marine tenure systems and overexploitation of marine organisms as a result of rapid modernization, urbanization and population growth in the case of Tonga is outlined. The customary marine tenure system is described and the threats against the coral reefs are discussed. It is shown how accumulative strategies correlate with the move toward overexploitation. It is argued that biodiversity, ethnobiology and biodiversity conservation should increasingly serve as a focus of teaching research and community outreach programmes for a better understanding and appreciation of biodiversity and its role as a foundation for environmental sustainable development. The need for considering the possibility of exclusion under... (More)
The breakdown of traditional marine tenure systems and overexploitation of marine organisms as a result of rapid modernization, urbanization and population growth in the case of Tonga is outlined. The customary marine tenure system is described and the threats against the coral reefs are discussed. It is shown how accumulative strategies correlate with the move toward overexploitation. It is argued that biodiversity, ethnobiology and biodiversity conservation should increasingly serve as a focus of teaching research and community outreach programmes for a better understanding and appreciation of biodiversity and its role as a foundation for environmental sustainable development. The need for considering the possibility of exclusion under communal property regimes, rather than assuming that common property is the same as open access, is emphasized. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Tonga, Kingdom of Tonga, Common properties, Aquaculture, Tragedy of the Commons
in
SPC Traditional Marine Resource management and Knowledge Information Bulletin
issue
13
pages
3 - 13
publisher
Secretariat of the Pacific Community
ISSN
1025-7497
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d6f6def9-c74c-4119-b474-514801f0acfe (old id 158572)
alternative location
http://www.spc.int/coastfish/News/Trad/13/Trad13.pdf
date added to LUP
2007-07-26 11:29:57
date last changed
2018-05-29 10:49:47
@article{d6f6def9-c74c-4119-b474-514801f0acfe,
  abstract     = {The breakdown of traditional marine tenure systems and overexploitation of marine organisms as a result of rapid modernization, urbanization and population growth in the case of Tonga is outlined. The customary marine tenure system is described and the threats against the coral reefs are discussed. It is shown how accumulative strategies correlate with the move toward overexploitation. It is argued that biodiversity, ethnobiology and biodiversity conservation should increasingly serve as a focus of teaching research and community outreach programmes for a better understanding and appreciation of biodiversity and its role as a foundation for environmental sustainable development. The need for considering the possibility of exclusion under communal property regimes, rather than assuming that common property is the same as open access, is emphasized.},
  author       = {Malm, Thomas},
  issn         = {1025-7497},
  keyword      = {Tonga,Kingdom of Tonga,Common properties,Aquaculture,Tragedy of the Commons},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {13},
  pages        = {3--13},
  publisher    = {Secretariat of the Pacific Community},
  series       = {SPC Traditional Marine Resource management and Knowledge Information Bulletin},
  title        = {The Tragedy of the Commoners: The Decline of the Customary Marine Tenure System of Tonga},
  year         = {2001},
}