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Managing differentiation of higher education system in Japan: connecting excellence and diversity

Kitagawa, Fumi LU and Oba, Jun (2010) In Higher Education 59(4). p.507-524
Abstract
This article presents recent reform processes in Japanese higher education, concerning the tensions emerging within the system regarding 'excellence' and 'diversity'. The article particularly focuses on how Japanese universities have reacted to the recent 'competition' and 'differentiation' policy promoted by the government, drawing on recent survey results conducted with academic managers at Japanese universities. It is interesting to examine the case of Japan, a historically diversified and differentiated national system, which has been changing rapidly with recent national 'top-down' policy reforms, followed by more recent and new bottom-up institutional initiatives. The study shows that universities are trying to achieve excellence,... (More)
This article presents recent reform processes in Japanese higher education, concerning the tensions emerging within the system regarding 'excellence' and 'diversity'. The article particularly focuses on how Japanese universities have reacted to the recent 'competition' and 'differentiation' policy promoted by the government, drawing on recent survey results conducted with academic managers at Japanese universities. It is interesting to examine the case of Japan, a historically diversified and differentiated national system, which has been changing rapidly with recent national 'top-down' policy reforms, followed by more recent and new bottom-up institutional initiatives. The study shows that universities are trying to achieve excellence, fulfilling different functions at the same time, aspiring to be excellent in teaching, research and social contribution without having institutional capacity to meet these expectations. Appropriate internal governance and external mediation mechanisms need to be created at the institutional level to manage diversification of the higher education system as a whole. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Differentiation, Diversity, Excellence, University reforms, Japan
in
Higher Education
volume
59
issue
4
pages
507 - 524
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000275548600008
  • scopus:77951207070
ISSN
1573-174X
DOI
10.1007/s10734-009-9262-5
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c42af009-90db-4fcb-9702-a26e506ed95b (old id 1588403)
date added to LUP
2010-04-20 15:38:07
date last changed
2018-05-29 11:46:29
@article{c42af009-90db-4fcb-9702-a26e506ed95b,
  abstract     = {This article presents recent reform processes in Japanese higher education, concerning the tensions emerging within the system regarding 'excellence' and 'diversity'. The article particularly focuses on how Japanese universities have reacted to the recent 'competition' and 'differentiation' policy promoted by the government, drawing on recent survey results conducted with academic managers at Japanese universities. It is interesting to examine the case of Japan, a historically diversified and differentiated national system, which has been changing rapidly with recent national 'top-down' policy reforms, followed by more recent and new bottom-up institutional initiatives. The study shows that universities are trying to achieve excellence, fulfilling different functions at the same time, aspiring to be excellent in teaching, research and social contribution without having institutional capacity to meet these expectations. Appropriate internal governance and external mediation mechanisms need to be created at the institutional level to manage diversification of the higher education system as a whole.},
  author       = {Kitagawa, Fumi and Oba, Jun},
  issn         = {1573-174X},
  keyword      = {Differentiation,Diversity,Excellence,University reforms,Japan},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {507--524},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Higher Education},
  title        = {Managing differentiation of higher education system in Japan: connecting excellence and diversity},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10734-009-9262-5},
  volume       = {59},
  year         = {2010},
}