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Evaluation of six high-resolution satellite and ground-based precipitation products over Malaysia

Tan, Mou Leong ; Ibrahim, Ab Latif ; Duan, Zheng LU ; Cracknell, Arthur P. and Chaplot, Vincent (2015) In Remote Sensing 7(2). p.1504-1528
Abstract

Satellite precipitation products (SPPs) potentially constitute an alternative to sparse rain gauge networks for assessing the spatial distribution of precipitation. However, applications of these products are still limited due to the lack of robust quality assessment. This study compares daily, monthly, seasonal, and annual rainfall amount at 342 rain gauges over Malaysia to estimations using five SPPs (3B42RT, 3B42V7, GPCP-1DD, PERSIANN-CDR, and CMORPH) and a ground-based precipitation product (APHRODITE). The performance of the precipitation products was evaluated from 2003 to 2007 using continuous (RMSE, R2, ME, MAE, and RB) and categorical (ACC, POD, FAR, CSI, and HSS) statistical approaches. Overall, 3B42V7 and APHRODITE... (More)

Satellite precipitation products (SPPs) potentially constitute an alternative to sparse rain gauge networks for assessing the spatial distribution of precipitation. However, applications of these products are still limited due to the lack of robust quality assessment. This study compares daily, monthly, seasonal, and annual rainfall amount at 342 rain gauges over Malaysia to estimations using five SPPs (3B42RT, 3B42V7, GPCP-1DD, PERSIANN-CDR, and CMORPH) and a ground-based precipitation product (APHRODITE). The performance of the precipitation products was evaluated from 2003 to 2007 using continuous (RMSE, R2, ME, MAE, and RB) and categorical (ACC, POD, FAR, CSI, and HSS) statistical approaches. Overall, 3B42V7 and APHRODITE performed the best, while the worst performance was shown by GPCP-1DD. 3B42RT, 3B42V7, and PERSIANN-CDR slightly overestimated observed precipitation by 2%, 4.7%, and 2.1%, respectively. By contrast, APHRODITE and CMORPH significantly underestimated precipitations by 19.7% and 13.2%, respectively, whereas GPCP-1DD only slightly underestimated by 2.8%. All six precipitation products performed better in the northeast monsoon than in the southwest monsoon. The better performances occurred in eastern and southern Peninsular Malaysia and in the north of East Malaysia, which receives higher rainfall during the northeast monsoon, whereas poor performances occurred in the western and dryer Peninsular Malaysia. All precipitation products underestimated the no/tiny (<1 mm/day) and extreme (≥20 mm/day) rainfall events, while they overestimated low (1-20 mm/day) rainfall events. 3B42RT and 3B42V7 showed the best ability to detect precipitation amounts with the highest HSS value (0.36). Precipitations during flood events such as those which occurred in late 2006 and early 2007 were estimated the best by 3B42RT and 3B42V7, as shown by an R2 value ranging from 0.49 to 0.88 and 0.52 to 0.86, respectively. These results on SPPs' uncertainties and their potential controls might allow sensor and algorithm developers to deliver better products for improved rainfall estimation and thus improved water management.

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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
APHRODITE, Asia Maritime Continent monsoon, CMORPH, GPCP, Malaysia, PERSIANN, Rainfall, Southeast Asia, TRMM, Validation
in
Remote Sensing
volume
7
issue
2
pages
25 pages
publisher
MDPI AG
external identifiers
  • scopus:84928783252
ISSN
2072-4292
DOI
10.3390/rs70201504
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
158bf136-6d70-4720-bbd2-a8a5775b07c5
date added to LUP
2019-12-22 20:30:50
date last changed
2020-02-23 08:06:58
@article{158bf136-6d70-4720-bbd2-a8a5775b07c5,
  abstract     = {<p>Satellite precipitation products (SPPs) potentially constitute an alternative to sparse rain gauge networks for assessing the spatial distribution of precipitation. However, applications of these products are still limited due to the lack of robust quality assessment. This study compares daily, monthly, seasonal, and annual rainfall amount at 342 rain gauges over Malaysia to estimations using five SPPs (3B42RT, 3B42V7, GPCP-1DD, PERSIANN-CDR, and CMORPH) and a ground-based precipitation product (APHRODITE). The performance of the precipitation products was evaluated from 2003 to 2007 using continuous (RMSE, R<sup>2</sup>, ME, MAE, and RB) and categorical (ACC, POD, FAR, CSI, and HSS) statistical approaches. Overall, 3B42V7 and APHRODITE performed the best, while the worst performance was shown by GPCP-1DD. 3B42RT, 3B42V7, and PERSIANN-CDR slightly overestimated observed precipitation by 2%, 4.7%, and 2.1%, respectively. By contrast, APHRODITE and CMORPH significantly underestimated precipitations by 19.7% and 13.2%, respectively, whereas GPCP-1DD only slightly underestimated by 2.8%. All six precipitation products performed better in the northeast monsoon than in the southwest monsoon. The better performances occurred in eastern and southern Peninsular Malaysia and in the north of East Malaysia, which receives higher rainfall during the northeast monsoon, whereas poor performances occurred in the western and dryer Peninsular Malaysia. All precipitation products underestimated the no/tiny (&lt;1 mm/day) and extreme (≥20 mm/day) rainfall events, while they overestimated low (1-20 mm/day) rainfall events. 3B42RT and 3B42V7 showed the best ability to detect precipitation amounts with the highest HSS value (0.36). Precipitations during flood events such as those which occurred in late 2006 and early 2007 were estimated the best by 3B42RT and 3B42V7, as shown by an R<sup>2</sup> value ranging from 0.49 to 0.88 and 0.52 to 0.86, respectively. These results on SPPs' uncertainties and their potential controls might allow sensor and algorithm developers to deliver better products for improved rainfall estimation and thus improved water management.</p>},
  author       = {Tan, Mou Leong and Ibrahim, Ab Latif and Duan, Zheng and Cracknell, Arthur P. and Chaplot, Vincent},
  issn         = {2072-4292},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {01},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {1504--1528},
  publisher    = {MDPI AG},
  series       = {Remote Sensing},
  title        = {Evaluation of six high-resolution satellite and ground-based precipitation products over Malaysia},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/rs70201504},
  doi          = {10.3390/rs70201504},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2015},
}