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The identification of factors in the systematic evaluation of slip prevention on icy surfaces

Abeysekera, John and Gao, Chuansi LU (2001) In International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 28. p.303-313
Abstract
Slips and falls on icy roads often result in fractures or sprains and is a major problem in Nordic countries. Walking trials by 25 subjects wearing four types of winter shoes on five different icy walking surfaces provided subjective and objective measures of tendency to slip and number of slips, respectively. Since friction is a major determinant of a slip, the influence of material spread on icy surfaces, the surface temperatures and the shoe soling characteristics versus the Coefficient of Friction (COF) of the shoes were measured. Sand and gravel on icy roads had positive effects on improving COF. The study revealed that the aetiology of slips and falls is multi-faceted and attempts to solve the

problem must adopt a systems... (More)
Slips and falls on icy roads often result in fractures or sprains and is a major problem in Nordic countries. Walking trials by 25 subjects wearing four types of winter shoes on five different icy walking surfaces provided subjective and objective measures of tendency to slip and number of slips, respectively. Since friction is a major determinant of a slip, the influence of material spread on icy surfaces, the surface temperatures and the shoe soling characteristics versus the Coefficient of Friction (COF) of the shoes were measured. Sand and gravel on icy roads had positive effects on improving COF. The study revealed that the aetiology of slips and falls is multi-faceted and attempts to solve the

problem must adopt a systems approach. Perception of risk, aging, training, experience and postural balance are other factors to be considered in preventing slips and falls. Future research should concentrate on the degree of impact of

each factor to the aetiology of slips and falls, which can help to decide priority action in preventing slips and falls. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Footwear, Anti-slipmaterial, Icy roads, Coefficient of friction
in
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics
volume
28
pages
303 - 313
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • Scopus:0034802448
ISSN
0169-8141
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
4e8c7b15-4bf6-4683-b1c7-d726d343b9ff (old id 1599331)
date added to LUP
2010-05-05 11:16:40
date last changed
2017-01-01 08:08:32
@article{4e8c7b15-4bf6-4683-b1c7-d726d343b9ff,
  abstract     = {Slips and falls on icy roads often result in fractures or sprains and is a major problem in Nordic countries. Walking trials by 25 subjects wearing four types of winter shoes on five different icy walking surfaces provided subjective and objective measures of tendency to slip and number of slips, respectively. Since friction is a major determinant of a slip, the influence of material spread on icy surfaces, the surface temperatures and the shoe soling characteristics versus the Coefficient of Friction (COF) of the shoes were measured. Sand and gravel on icy roads had positive effects on improving COF. The study revealed that the aetiology of slips and falls is multi-faceted and attempts to solve the<br/><br>
problem must adopt a systems approach. Perception of risk, aging, training, experience and postural balance are other factors to be considered in preventing slips and falls. Future research should concentrate on the degree of impact of<br/><br>
each factor to the aetiology of slips and falls, which can help to decide priority action in preventing slips and falls.},
  author       = {Abeysekera, John and Gao, Chuansi},
  issn         = {0169-8141},
  keyword      = {Footwear,Anti-slipmaterial,Icy roads,Coefficient of friction},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {303--313},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics},
  title        = {The identification of factors in the systematic evaluation of slip prevention on icy surfaces},
  volume       = {28},
  year         = {2001},
}