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Variation in the female frenulum in tortricidae (Lepidoptera). Part 3. Tortricinae

Monsalve, Sabrina; Dombroskie, Jason J.; Lam, Winnie H Y; Rota, Jadranka LU and Brown, John W. (2011) In Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 113(3). p.335-370
Abstract

This paper, treating the subfamily Tortricinae, represents the third and final contribution in the three-part series examining variation in the number of bristles in the female frenulum of tortricid moths. Based on the examination of 3,850 females of 1,082 species from 267 genera, the number of bristles in females varies from one to eight and frequently is asymmetrical on the same specimen (19% of specimens examined). A three-bristled frenulum (i.e., with three bristles on each side) is the most common condition in the Arotropora Meyrick group (100% of females examined), Epitymbiini (96%), Orthocomotis Dognin group (92%), Mictopsichia Hbner group (88%), Atteriini (83%), Tortricini (82%), Sparganothini (78%), Phricanthini (73%), Euliini... (More)

This paper, treating the subfamily Tortricinae, represents the third and final contribution in the three-part series examining variation in the number of bristles in the female frenulum of tortricid moths. Based on the examination of 3,850 females of 1,082 species from 267 genera, the number of bristles in females varies from one to eight and frequently is asymmetrical on the same specimen (19% of specimens examined). A three-bristled frenulum (i.e., with three bristles on each side) is the most common condition in the Arotropora Meyrick group (100% of females examined), Epitymbiini (96%), Orthocomotis Dognin group (92%), Mictopsichia Hbner group (88%), Atteriini (83%), Tortricini (82%), Sparganothini (78%), Phricanthini (73%), Euliini (71%), Archipini (62%), Cnephasiini (61%), and Schoenotenini (51%). In Cochylini a two-bristled frenulum is the most common condition (i.e., 59% of all females examined). In Ceracini a four-bristled frenulum is the most common condition (i.e., 37%), with the vast majority of individuals possessing four or more bristles on at least one side; only 4% had three bristles (both sides). Although variation is rampant at the species, generic, and tribal levels, the data suggest a strong tendency for the reduction of bristles in Cochylini, where two (both sides) is the dominant condition; the addition of bristles in Ceracini, where four bristles is the most common condition; and more bristles in the largest species (e.g., Choristoneura conflictana (Walker), Zacorisca electrina (Meyrick), and Varifula sp.).

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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Archipini, Arotrophora group, asymmetry, Atteriini, bristles, Ceracini, Cnephasiini, Cochylini, Epitymbiini, Euliini, Mictopsichia group, Orthocomotis group, Schoenotenini, Sparganothini, Tortricini, variation
in
Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington
volume
113
issue
3
pages
36 pages
publisher
Entomological Society of Washington
external identifiers
  • scopus:80052084549
ISSN
0013-8797
DOI
10.4289/0013-8797.113.3.335
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
15b89bb8-3253-43f2-8537-7bbd8f3b73c0
date added to LUP
2016-11-07 11:09:38
date last changed
2017-08-23 11:17:31
@article{15b89bb8-3253-43f2-8537-7bbd8f3b73c0,
  abstract     = {<p>This paper, treating the subfamily Tortricinae, represents the third and final contribution in the three-part series examining variation in the number of bristles in the female frenulum of tortricid moths. Based on the examination of 3,850 females of 1,082 species from 267 genera, the number of bristles in females varies from one to eight and frequently is asymmetrical on the same specimen (19% of specimens examined). A three-bristled frenulum (i.e., with three bristles on each side) is the most common condition in the Arotropora Meyrick group (100% of females examined), Epitymbiini (96%), Orthocomotis Dognin group (92%), Mictopsichia Hbner group (88%), Atteriini (83%), Tortricini (82%), Sparganothini (78%), Phricanthini (73%), Euliini (71%), Archipini (62%), Cnephasiini (61%), and Schoenotenini (51%). In Cochylini a two-bristled frenulum is the most common condition (i.e., 59% of all females examined). In Ceracini a four-bristled frenulum is the most common condition (i.e., 37%), with the vast majority of individuals possessing four or more bristles on at least one side; only 4% had three bristles (both sides). Although variation is rampant at the species, generic, and tribal levels, the data suggest a strong tendency for the reduction of bristles in Cochylini, where two (both sides) is the dominant condition; the addition of bristles in Ceracini, where four bristles is the most common condition; and more bristles in the largest species (e.g., Choristoneura conflictana (Walker), Zacorisca electrina (Meyrick), and Varifula sp.).</p>},
  author       = {Monsalve, Sabrina and Dombroskie, Jason J. and Lam, Winnie H Y and Rota, Jadranka and Brown, John W.},
  issn         = {0013-8797},
  keyword      = {Archipini,Arotrophora group,asymmetry,Atteriini,bristles,Ceracini,Cnephasiini,Cochylini,Epitymbiini,Euliini,Mictopsichia group,Orthocomotis group,Schoenotenini,Sparganothini,Tortricini,variation},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {335--370},
  publisher    = {Entomological Society of Washington},
  series       = {Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington},
  title        = {Variation in the female frenulum in tortricidae (Lepidoptera). Part 3. Tortricinae},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4289/0013-8797.113.3.335},
  volume       = {113},
  year         = {2011},
}