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Untreated ADHD in Adults Are There Sex Differences in Symptoms, Comorbidity, and Impairment?

Rasmussen, Kirsten and Levander, Sten LU (2009) In Journal of Attention Disorders 12(4). p.353-360
Abstract
Objective: To analyze sex differences among adult, never-treated patients referred for central stimulant treatment of ADHD. Method: Data for 600 consecutive patients from northern Norway referred for evaluation by an expert team during 7 years were analyzed. General background information, diagnostic and social history, and symptom profiles were compared between previously never-treated men and women. Results: The sex ratio was skewed. Of the previously untreated patients, more than 20% fell outside society's ordinary vocational activities or social benefit system. Most patients had the combined form, one third the inattentive type, and only 2% the hyperactive/impulsive subtype. Abuse and criminality were more common among men, and... (More)
Objective: To analyze sex differences among adult, never-treated patients referred for central stimulant treatment of ADHD. Method: Data for 600 consecutive patients from northern Norway referred for evaluation by an expert team during 7 years were analyzed. General background information, diagnostic and social history, and symptom profiles were compared between previously never-treated men and women. Results: The sex ratio was skewed. Of the previously untreated patients, more than 20% fell outside society's ordinary vocational activities or social benefit system. Most patients had the combined form, one third the inattentive type, and only 2% the hyperactive/impulsive subtype. Abuse and criminality were more common among men, and affective, eating, and somatization disorders were more common among women. Otherwise few sex differences were found. Conclusion: AD/HD symptom intensity and subtypes did not differ between the sexes and was to age. Symptom intensity was linked with criminality, abuse, and other psychiatric problems, differentially for two sexes. (J. of Att. Dis. 2009; 12(4) 353-360) (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
comorbidity, symptoms, gender, adult ADHD, AD/HD, work, abuse, criminality
in
Journal of Attention Disorders
volume
12
issue
4
pages
353 - 360
publisher
SAGE Publications Inc.
external identifiers
  • wos:000276690000007
  • scopus:57849123656
ISSN
1557-1246
DOI
10.1177/1087054708314621
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
38ad14cb-f65c-4e85-ab96-12015b44fa33 (old id 1601029)
date added to LUP
2010-05-20 10:56:24
date last changed
2017-10-01 03:52:33
@article{38ad14cb-f65c-4e85-ab96-12015b44fa33,
  abstract     = {Objective: To analyze sex differences among adult, never-treated patients referred for central stimulant treatment of ADHD. Method: Data for 600 consecutive patients from northern Norway referred for evaluation by an expert team during 7 years were analyzed. General background information, diagnostic and social history, and symptom profiles were compared between previously never-treated men and women. Results: The sex ratio was skewed. Of the previously untreated patients, more than 20% fell outside society's ordinary vocational activities or social benefit system. Most patients had the combined form, one third the inattentive type, and only 2% the hyperactive/impulsive subtype. Abuse and criminality were more common among men, and affective, eating, and somatization disorders were more common among women. Otherwise few sex differences were found. Conclusion: AD/HD symptom intensity and subtypes did not differ between the sexes and was to age. Symptom intensity was linked with criminality, abuse, and other psychiatric problems, differentially for two sexes. (J. of Att. Dis. 2009; 12(4) 353-360)},
  author       = {Rasmussen, Kirsten and Levander, Sten},
  issn         = {1557-1246},
  keyword      = {comorbidity,symptoms,gender,adult ADHD,AD/HD,work,abuse,criminality},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {353--360},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications Inc.},
  series       = {Journal of Attention Disorders},
  title        = {Untreated ADHD in Adults Are There Sex Differences in Symptoms, Comorbidity, and Impairment?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1087054708314621},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2009},
}