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Critical conditions for onset of mould growth under varying climate conditions

Isaksson, Tord LU ; Thelandersson, Sven LU ; Ekstrand-Tobin, Annika and Johansson, Pernilla (2010) In Building and Environment 45(7). p.1712-1721
Abstract
A performance-based service life design format based on climatic exposure on one hand and "resistance" of materials against mould growth on the other hand, is presented in this paper. A limit state for onset of mould growth is defined as the occurrence of traces of mould observed by microscopy. A dose-response model is proposed by which onset of mould growth can be predicted for an arbitrary climate history of combined relative humidity phi and temperature T. The model is calibrated and verified against a comprehensive set of experimental data published by Viitanen et al. [Viitanen H, Ritschkoff A-C. Mould growth in pine and spruce sapwood in relation to air humidity and temperature. Uppsala: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences,... (More)
A performance-based service life design format based on climatic exposure on one hand and "resistance" of materials against mould growth on the other hand, is presented in this paper. A limit state for onset of mould growth is defined as the occurrence of traces of mould observed by microscopy. A dose-response model is proposed by which onset of mould growth can be predicted for an arbitrary climate history of combined relative humidity phi and temperature T. The model is calibrated and verified against a comprehensive set of experimental data published by Viitanen et al. [Viitanen H, Ritschkoff A-C. Mould growth in pine and spruce sapwood in relation to air humidity and temperature. Uppsala: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Products; 1991. Report No. 221, 49 p.: Viitanen H. Modelling the time factor in the development of mould fungi - effect of critical humidity and temperature conditions in pine and spruce sapwood. Holzforschung 1997;51(1):6-14; Viitanen H. Modelling the time factor in the development of brown rot decay in pine and spruce sapwood - the effect of critical humidity and temperature conditions. Holzforschung 1997:51(2):99-106; Viitanen H. Bjurman J. Mould growth on wood under fluctuating humidity conditions. Material und Organismen 1995;29(1):27-46] describing mould development on spruce and pine sapwood as a function of climatic exposure. The model is applied to predict time to onset of mould growth under natural outdoor climate (under shelter) as well as mould development in building attics and in crawl space foundations. The predicted response shows reasonable agreement with experimental observations and proven experience, although biological processes of this type display great variability. The results show that a generally applicable, quantitative model can be used as a powerful tool for moisture safe design in practice. The model is designed to facilitate continuous improvement of prediction capability by further laboratory testing of various materials under specified climate conditions. In combination with currently available building physics software the model is suitable for moisture safe design of wood-based components in the building envelope. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Kstrreliability Kstrwood
in
Building and Environment
volume
45
issue
7
pages
1712 - 1721
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000276424600015
  • scopus:77649184970
ISSN
1873-684X
DOI
10.1016/j.buildenv.2010.01.023
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3e93c578-8c1c-420d-aa20-4b07f50ef103 (old id 1603957)
date added to LUP
2010-05-17 13:12:37
date last changed
2018-06-17 04:40:12
@article{3e93c578-8c1c-420d-aa20-4b07f50ef103,
  abstract     = {A performance-based service life design format based on climatic exposure on one hand and "resistance" of materials against mould growth on the other hand, is presented in this paper. A limit state for onset of mould growth is defined as the occurrence of traces of mould observed by microscopy. A dose-response model is proposed by which onset of mould growth can be predicted for an arbitrary climate history of combined relative humidity phi and temperature T. The model is calibrated and verified against a comprehensive set of experimental data published by Viitanen et al. [Viitanen H, Ritschkoff A-C. Mould growth in pine and spruce sapwood in relation to air humidity and temperature. Uppsala: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Products; 1991. Report No. 221, 49 p.: Viitanen H. Modelling the time factor in the development of mould fungi - effect of critical humidity and temperature conditions in pine and spruce sapwood. Holzforschung 1997;51(1):6-14; Viitanen H. Modelling the time factor in the development of brown rot decay in pine and spruce sapwood - the effect of critical humidity and temperature conditions. Holzforschung 1997:51(2):99-106; Viitanen H. Bjurman J. Mould growth on wood under fluctuating humidity conditions. Material und Organismen 1995;29(1):27-46] describing mould development on spruce and pine sapwood as a function of climatic exposure. The model is applied to predict time to onset of mould growth under natural outdoor climate (under shelter) as well as mould development in building attics and in crawl space foundations. The predicted response shows reasonable agreement with experimental observations and proven experience, although biological processes of this type display great variability. The results show that a generally applicable, quantitative model can be used as a powerful tool for moisture safe design in practice. The model is designed to facilitate continuous improvement of prediction capability by further laboratory testing of various materials under specified climate conditions. In combination with currently available building physics software the model is suitable for moisture safe design of wood-based components in the building envelope. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Isaksson, Tord and Thelandersson, Sven and Ekstrand-Tobin, Annika and Johansson, Pernilla},
  issn         = {1873-684X},
  keyword      = {Kstrreliability Kstrwood},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {1712--1721},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Building and Environment},
  title        = {Critical conditions for onset of mould growth under varying climate conditions},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2010.01.023},
  volume       = {45},
  year         = {2010},
}