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Ethnogenesis, regional integration, and ecology in prehistoric Amazonia: Toward a system perspective

Hornborg, Alf LU (2005) In Current Anthropology 46(4). p.589-620
Abstract
This paper critically reviews reconstructions of cultural development in prehistoric Amazonia and argues for the primacy of regional and interregional exchange in generating the complex distributions of ethno-linguistic identities traced by linguists and archaeologists in the area. This approach requires an explicit abandonment of notions of migrating "peoples" in favor of modern anthropological understandings of ethnicity and ethnogenesis. Further, the paper discusses the significance of such a regional system perspective on Amazonian ethnogenesis for the ongoing debate on the extent of social stratification and agricultural intensification on the floodplains and wet savannas of lowland South America. It concludes that the emergence of... (More)
This paper critically reviews reconstructions of cultural development in prehistoric Amazonia and argues for the primacy of regional and interregional exchange in generating the complex distributions of ethno-linguistic identities traced by linguists and archaeologists in the area. This approach requires an explicit abandonment of notions of migrating "peoples" in favor of modern anthropological understandings of ethnicity and ethnogenesis. Further, the paper discusses the significance of such a regional system perspective on Amazonian ethnogenesis for the ongoing debate on the extent of social stratification and agricultural intensification on the floodplains and wet savannas of lowland South America. It concludes that the emergence of Arawakan chiefdoms and ethnic identities in such environments after the first millennium BC signifies the occupation of a niche defined in terms of both ecology and regional exchange but also that it transformed both these kinds of conditions. In these processes, ethnicity, social stratification, economy, and ecology were all recursively intertwined. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Current Anthropology
volume
46
issue
4
pages
589 - 620
publisher
University of Chicago Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000231664300005
  • scopus:33646679577
ISSN
1537-5382
DOI
10.1086/431530
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b53ecb24-26f8-43e8-ba11-adf44dac2d2d (old id 161567)
date added to LUP
2007-07-26 10:31:16
date last changed
2017-10-22 04:46:26
@article{b53ecb24-26f8-43e8-ba11-adf44dac2d2d,
  abstract     = {This paper critically reviews reconstructions of cultural development in prehistoric Amazonia and argues for the primacy of regional and interregional exchange in generating the complex distributions of ethno-linguistic identities traced by linguists and archaeologists in the area. This approach requires an explicit abandonment of notions of migrating "peoples" in favor of modern anthropological understandings of ethnicity and ethnogenesis. Further, the paper discusses the significance of such a regional system perspective on Amazonian ethnogenesis for the ongoing debate on the extent of social stratification and agricultural intensification on the floodplains and wet savannas of lowland South America. It concludes that the emergence of Arawakan chiefdoms and ethnic identities in such environments after the first millennium BC signifies the occupation of a niche defined in terms of both ecology and regional exchange but also that it transformed both these kinds of conditions. In these processes, ethnicity, social stratification, economy, and ecology were all recursively intertwined.},
  author       = {Hornborg, Alf},
  issn         = {1537-5382},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {589--620},
  publisher    = {University of Chicago Press},
  series       = {Current Anthropology},
  title        = {Ethnogenesis, regional integration, and ecology in prehistoric Amazonia: Toward a system perspective},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/431530},
  volume       = {46},
  year         = {2005},
}