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Dermatology in public health - a model for surveillance of common skin diseases

Stenberg, Berndt; Meding, Birgitta and Svensson, Åke LU (2010) In Scandinavian Journal of Public Health1999-01-01+01:00 38(4). p.368-374
Abstract
Aims: The aim was to establish a baseline prevalence of skin conditions of public health importance in the general population and taking the validity of the questions into account. Our model is intended for future surveillance of skin conditions. Methods: The suggested questions have for the first time been used in Swedish population surveys. A random sample was taken from the general population aged 16 to 84 years of the participating areas. Results: During the past 12 months, hand eczema was reported by 9.4%, childhood eczema by 15.7% and nickel allergy by 13.7% of the population. Hand and childhood eczema questions have previously been validated. Taking the validity into account, the actual population prevalence of hand eczema (11.7%)... (More)
Aims: The aim was to establish a baseline prevalence of skin conditions of public health importance in the general population and taking the validity of the questions into account. Our model is intended for future surveillance of skin conditions. Methods: The suggested questions have for the first time been used in Swedish population surveys. A random sample was taken from the general population aged 16 to 84 years of the participating areas. Results: During the past 12 months, hand eczema was reported by 9.4%, childhood eczema by 15.7% and nickel allergy by 13.7% of the population. Hand and childhood eczema questions have previously been validated. Taking the validity into account, the actual population prevalence of hand eczema (11.7%) is underestimated, and the prevalence of atopic childhood eczema (10.0%) is overestimated based on the results of the questionnaire. In addition to presenting prevalence, population survey results can be used for risk analyses. A 10-fold risk of hand eczema in individuals with childhood eczema and self-reported nickel sensitivity is shown in our study. Conclusions: Questionnaires can be used for epidemiologic surveillance so long as the questions are validated and that the validity is taken into account when estimating the occurrence of the conditions. Public health surveys such as this one lay the basis for future epidemiological surveillance of skin conditions that can be subject to interventions. We propose that these, or similar, questions should be used regularly in population surveys and supplemented by questions on skin exposure. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
questionnaire, public health, nickel allergy, Childhood eczema, hand eczema, survey, validity
in
Scandinavian Journal of Public Health1999-01-01+01:00
volume
38
issue
4
pages
368 - 374
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • wos:000278152300005
  • scopus:77953389985
ISSN
1651-1905
DOI
10.1177/1403494810364557
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
060b269a-9246-4627-a091-07bbc32d5175 (old id 1616615)
date added to LUP
2010-06-22 14:33:25
date last changed
2018-05-29 09:21:59
@article{060b269a-9246-4627-a091-07bbc32d5175,
  abstract     = {Aims: The aim was to establish a baseline prevalence of skin conditions of public health importance in the general population and taking the validity of the questions into account. Our model is intended for future surveillance of skin conditions. Methods: The suggested questions have for the first time been used in Swedish population surveys. A random sample was taken from the general population aged 16 to 84 years of the participating areas. Results: During the past 12 months, hand eczema was reported by 9.4%, childhood eczema by 15.7% and nickel allergy by 13.7% of the population. Hand and childhood eczema questions have previously been validated. Taking the validity into account, the actual population prevalence of hand eczema (11.7%) is underestimated, and the prevalence of atopic childhood eczema (10.0%) is overestimated based on the results of the questionnaire. In addition to presenting prevalence, population survey results can be used for risk analyses. A 10-fold risk of hand eczema in individuals with childhood eczema and self-reported nickel sensitivity is shown in our study. Conclusions: Questionnaires can be used for epidemiologic surveillance so long as the questions are validated and that the validity is taken into account when estimating the occurrence of the conditions. Public health surveys such as this one lay the basis for future epidemiological surveillance of skin conditions that can be subject to interventions. We propose that these, or similar, questions should be used regularly in population surveys and supplemented by questions on skin exposure.},
  author       = {Stenberg, Berndt and Meding, Birgitta and Svensson, Åke},
  issn         = {1651-1905},
  keyword      = {questionnaire,public health,nickel allergy,Childhood eczema,hand eczema,survey,validity},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {368--374},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Public Health1999-01-01+01:00},
  title        = {Dermatology in public health - a model for surveillance of common skin diseases},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494810364557},
  volume       = {38},
  year         = {2010},
}