Advanced

Development and Validation of an Empirical Equation to Predict Sweating Skin Surface Temperature for Thermal Manikins

Wang, Faming LU ; Kuklane, Kalev LU ; Gao, Chuansi LU ; Holmér, Ingvar LU and Havenith, George (2010) Textile Bioengineering and Informatics Symposium Proceedings In [Host publication title missing] p.1213-1218
Abstract
Thermal manikins are useful tools to study the clothing comfort and environmental ergonomics.

The simulation of sweating can be achieved by putting a highly wicking stretchable knit fabric “skin” on top

of the manikin. However, the addition of such a fabric skin makes it is difficult to accurately measure the

skin surface temperature. Moreover, it takes considerable amount of time to measure the fabric skin surface

temperature for each test. At present the attachment of temperature sensors to the wet fabric skin is still a

challenge. The distance of the sensors to the fabric skin could significantly influence the temperature and

relative humidity values of the wet skin surface. Hence,... (More)
Thermal manikins are useful tools to study the clothing comfort and environmental ergonomics.

The simulation of sweating can be achieved by putting a highly wicking stretchable knit fabric “skin” on top

of the manikin. However, the addition of such a fabric skin makes it is difficult to accurately measure the

skin surface temperature. Moreover, it takes considerable amount of time to measure the fabric skin surface

temperature for each test. At present the attachment of temperature sensors to the wet fabric skin is still a

challenge. The distance of the sensors to the fabric skin could significantly influence the temperature and

relative humidity values of the wet skin surface. Hence, we conducted an intensive skin study on a dry

thermal manikin to investigate the relationships among the nude manikin surface temperature, heat losses

and the fabric skin surface temperature. An empirical equation was developed and validated on the thermal

manikin "Tore" at Lund University. The empirical equation at ambient temperature 34 oC is Tsk =34.00-

0.0103HL. This equation can be used to enhance the prediction accuracy on the sweating skin surface

temperature and the calculation of clothing evaporative resistance. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
empirical equation, isothermal, skin surface temperature, fabric skin, thermal manikin, clothing ensemble
in
[Host publication title missing]
editor
Li, Yi; Qiu, Yiping; Luo, Xiaonan; Li, Jiashen; ; ; and
pages
6 pages
publisher
Textile Bioengineering and Informatics Society Limited
conference name
Textile Bioengineering and Informatics Symposium Proceedings
external identifiers
  • wos:000283206000212
ISSN
1942-3438
DOI
10.3993/tbis2010215
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
daeed270-8d09-4e4b-8b0e-8bc5b6183f52 (old id 1628311)
date added to LUP
2010-07-20 09:14:24
date last changed
2018-05-29 11:21:47
@inproceedings{daeed270-8d09-4e4b-8b0e-8bc5b6183f52,
  abstract     = {Thermal manikins are useful tools to study the clothing comfort and environmental ergonomics.<br/><br>
The simulation of sweating can be achieved by putting a highly wicking stretchable knit fabric “skin” on top<br/><br>
of the manikin. However, the addition of such a fabric skin makes it is difficult to accurately measure the<br/><br>
skin surface temperature. Moreover, it takes considerable amount of time to measure the fabric skin surface<br/><br>
temperature for each test. At present the attachment of temperature sensors to the wet fabric skin is still a<br/><br>
challenge. The distance of the sensors to the fabric skin could significantly influence the temperature and<br/><br>
relative humidity values of the wet skin surface. Hence, we conducted an intensive skin study on a dry<br/><br>
thermal manikin to investigate the relationships among the nude manikin surface temperature, heat losses<br/><br>
and the fabric skin surface temperature. An empirical equation was developed and validated on the thermal<br/><br>
manikin "Tore" at Lund University. The empirical equation at ambient temperature 34 oC is Tsk =34.00-<br/><br>
0.0103HL. This equation can be used to enhance the prediction accuracy on the sweating skin surface<br/><br>
temperature and the calculation of clothing evaporative resistance.},
  author       = {Wang, Faming and Kuklane, Kalev and Gao, Chuansi and Holmér, Ingvar and Havenith, George},
  booktitle    = {[Host publication title missing]},
  editor       = {Li, Yi and Qiu, Yiping and Luo, Xiaonan and Li, Jiashen},
  issn         = {1942-3438},
  keyword      = {empirical equation,isothermal,skin surface temperature,fabric skin,thermal manikin,clothing ensemble},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {1213--1218},
  publisher    = {Textile Bioengineering and Informatics Society Limited},
  title        = {Development and Validation of an Empirical Equation to Predict Sweating Skin Surface Temperature for Thermal Manikins},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3993/tbis2010215},
  year         = {2010},
}