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Acidification of a sandy grassland favours bacteria and disfavours fungal saprotrophs as estimated by fatty acid profiling

Aliasgharzad, Nasser; Mårtensson, Linda-Maria LU and Olsson, Pål Axel LU (2010) In Soil Biology & Biochemistry 42(7). p.1058-1064
Abstract
We have investigated the structure of a microbial community in semi-natural sandy grassland in southeast Sweden. The sand is rich in lime, but in most places the soil is decalcified in the upper layers, and therefore this site shows a large variation in pH within short distances. We collected samples at three different soil depths (0-10 cm, 10-20 cm and 20-30 cm) and found the pH to range from 5 to 8 in the topsoil and from 4.5 to 9.5 in the deepest layer. The abundance of saprophytic fungi and bacteria was investigated using signature phospholipid fatty acids and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) using the neutral lipid fatty acid 16:1 omega 5. The PLFA pattern of the topsoil was different from that in the other two layers, as indicated... (More)
We have investigated the structure of a microbial community in semi-natural sandy grassland in southeast Sweden. The sand is rich in lime, but in most places the soil is decalcified in the upper layers, and therefore this site shows a large variation in pH within short distances. We collected samples at three different soil depths (0-10 cm, 10-20 cm and 20-30 cm) and found the pH to range from 5 to 8 in the topsoil and from 4.5 to 9.5 in the deepest layer. The abundance of saprophytic fungi and bacteria was investigated using signature phospholipid fatty acids and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) using the neutral lipid fatty acid 16:1 omega 5. The PLFA pattern of the topsoil was different from that in the other two layers, as indicated by principal component analysis. The saprotrophic fungi were associated with high pH, and bacteria with low pH in these sandy soils. No relation was found between pH and AMF in the topsoil, while a positive relation was found in the deepest soil layer. The saprophytic fungi-to-bacteria ratio was constant with depth, while the AMF-to-bacteria ratio increased with soil depth. The results showed that high soil pH favoured fungal saprophytes in sandy grasslands and that AMF are relatively more abundant than the other two groups in deeper soil layers: particularly so when the pH is high. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Sandy grassland, Microbial community, Soil pH, PLFA, NLFA
in
Soil Biology & Biochemistry
volume
42
issue
7
pages
1058 - 1064
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000278579900007
  • scopus:77954864656
ISSN
0038-0717
DOI
10.1016/j.soilbio.2010.02.025
project
BECC
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a4375b0b-a07a-4931-9cb7-03162004c579 (old id 1630800)
date added to LUP
2010-07-21 15:57:06
date last changed
2018-07-15 03:53:05
@article{a4375b0b-a07a-4931-9cb7-03162004c579,
  abstract     = {We have investigated the structure of a microbial community in semi-natural sandy grassland in southeast Sweden. The sand is rich in lime, but in most places the soil is decalcified in the upper layers, and therefore this site shows a large variation in pH within short distances. We collected samples at three different soil depths (0-10 cm, 10-20 cm and 20-30 cm) and found the pH to range from 5 to 8 in the topsoil and from 4.5 to 9.5 in the deepest layer. The abundance of saprophytic fungi and bacteria was investigated using signature phospholipid fatty acids and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) using the neutral lipid fatty acid 16:1 omega 5. The PLFA pattern of the topsoil was different from that in the other two layers, as indicated by principal component analysis. The saprotrophic fungi were associated with high pH, and bacteria with low pH in these sandy soils. No relation was found between pH and AMF in the topsoil, while a positive relation was found in the deepest soil layer. The saprophytic fungi-to-bacteria ratio was constant with depth, while the AMF-to-bacteria ratio increased with soil depth. The results showed that high soil pH favoured fungal saprophytes in sandy grasslands and that AMF are relatively more abundant than the other two groups in deeper soil layers: particularly so when the pH is high. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Aliasgharzad, Nasser and Mårtensson, Linda-Maria and Olsson, Pål Axel},
  issn         = {0038-0717},
  keyword      = {Sandy grassland,Microbial community,Soil pH,PLFA,NLFA},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {1058--1064},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Soil Biology & Biochemistry},
  title        = {Acidification of a sandy grassland favours bacteria and disfavours fungal saprotrophs as estimated by fatty acid profiling},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2010.02.025},
  volume       = {42},
  year         = {2010},
}