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Daily activities mediate the relationship between personality and quality of life in middle-aged women.

Eklund, Mona LU ; Bäckström, Martin; Lissner, Lauren; Björkelund, Cecilia and Sonn, Ulla (2010) In Quality of life research : an international journal of quality of life aspects of treatment, care and rehabilitation 19. p.1477-1486
Abstract
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to test a model proposing that the relationship between personality factors and women's quality of life (QoL) is mediated by degree of depression and the way in which every day activity and general health were appraised. Specifically, the paper addressed the mediating contribution of activity. METHODS: A sample of 488 women, 38 or 50 years old, filled out questionnaires regarding the target variables. The personality traits measured were extraversion and neuroticism, and the activity aspect addressed was the value linked with everyday activities. Additionally, general health and depressive state was rated. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze the data. RESULTS: A model was found where health,... (More)
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to test a model proposing that the relationship between personality factors and women's quality of life (QoL) is mediated by degree of depression and the way in which every day activity and general health were appraised. Specifically, the paper addressed the mediating contribution of activity. METHODS: A sample of 488 women, 38 or 50 years old, filled out questionnaires regarding the target variables. The personality traits measured were extraversion and neuroticism, and the activity aspect addressed was the value linked with everyday activities. Additionally, general health and depressive state was rated. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze the data. RESULTS: A model was found where health, activity and depressive state mediated the association between personality and QoL. Health explained in total nearly 30% of the variation in QoL. Activity predicted 12% of the variance in QoL, partly as a unique factor and partly mediated by depressive state and health. Extraversion was linked to QoL only through activity, and neuroticism through depressive state and health. CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis supported that there was a link between personality and QoL and that perceived general health was an important contributor to QoL. Moreover, it contributed new knowledge regarding the importance of valued and satisfying activities. If this proves to be a consistent finding in future studies, including intervention research, monitoring women's daily activities might be a pathway to improved QoL. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Quality of life research : an international journal of quality of life aspects of treatment, care and rehabilitation
volume
19
pages
1477 - 1486
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000284332700010
  • pmid:20640517
  • scopus:78349310233
ISSN
1573-2649
DOI
10.1007/s11136-010-9711-8
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0b037c58-e253-482a-ad0e-83f9539d8481 (old id 1644828)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20640517?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2010-08-05 09:36:11
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:53:32
@article{0b037c58-e253-482a-ad0e-83f9539d8481,
  abstract     = {PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to test a model proposing that the relationship between personality factors and women's quality of life (QoL) is mediated by degree of depression and the way in which every day activity and general health were appraised. Specifically, the paper addressed the mediating contribution of activity. METHODS: A sample of 488 women, 38 or 50 years old, filled out questionnaires regarding the target variables. The personality traits measured were extraversion and neuroticism, and the activity aspect addressed was the value linked with everyday activities. Additionally, general health and depressive state was rated. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze the data. RESULTS: A model was found where health, activity and depressive state mediated the association between personality and QoL. Health explained in total nearly 30% of the variation in QoL. Activity predicted 12% of the variance in QoL, partly as a unique factor and partly mediated by depressive state and health. Extraversion was linked to QoL only through activity, and neuroticism through depressive state and health. CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis supported that there was a link between personality and QoL and that perceived general health was an important contributor to QoL. Moreover, it contributed new knowledge regarding the importance of valued and satisfying activities. If this proves to be a consistent finding in future studies, including intervention research, monitoring women's daily activities might be a pathway to improved QoL.},
  author       = {Eklund, Mona and Bäckström, Martin and Lissner, Lauren and Björkelund, Cecilia and Sonn, Ulla},
  issn         = {1573-2649},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {1477--1486},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Quality of life research : an international journal of quality of life aspects of treatment, care and rehabilitation},
  title        = {Daily activities mediate the relationship between personality and quality of life in middle-aged women.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11136-010-9711-8},
  volume       = {19},
  year         = {2010},
}