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Identifying and prioritising services in European terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems

Harrison, Paula A.; Vandewalle, Marie LU ; Sykes, Martin LU ; Berry, Pam M.; Bugter, Rob; de Bello, Francesco; Feld, Christian K.; Grandin, Ulf; Harrington, Richard and Haslett, John R., et al. (2010) In Biodiversity and Conservation 19(10). p.2791-2821
Abstract
Ecosystems are multifunctional and provide humanity with a broad array of vital services. Effective management of services requires an improved evidence base, identifying the role of ecosystems in delivering multiple services, which can assist policy-makers in maintaining them. Here, information from the literature and scientific experts was used to systematically document the importance of services and identify trends in their use and status over time for the main terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems in Europe. The results from this review show that intensively managed ecosystems contribute mostly to vital provisioning services (e.g. agro-ecosystems provide food via crops and livestock, and forests provide wood), while semi-natural... (More)
Ecosystems are multifunctional and provide humanity with a broad array of vital services. Effective management of services requires an improved evidence base, identifying the role of ecosystems in delivering multiple services, which can assist policy-makers in maintaining them. Here, information from the literature and scientific experts was used to systematically document the importance of services and identify trends in their use and status over time for the main terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems in Europe. The results from this review show that intensively managed ecosystems contribute mostly to vital provisioning services (e.g. agro-ecosystems provide food via crops and livestock, and forests provide wood), while semi-natural ecosystems (e.g. grasslands and mountains) are key contributors of genetic resources and cultural services (e.g. aesthetic values and sense of place). The most recent European trends in human use of services show increases in demand for crops from agro-ecosystems, timber from forests, water flow regulation from rivers, wetlands and mountains, and recreation and ecotourism in most ecosystems, but decreases in livestock production, freshwater capture fisheries, wild foods and virtually all services associated with ecosystems which have considerably decreased in area (e.g. semi-natural grasslands). The condition of the majority of services show either a degraded or mixed status across Europe with the exception of recent enhancements in timber production in forests and mountains, freshwater provision, water/erosion/natural hazard regulation and recreation/ecotourism in mountains, and climate regulation in forests. Key gaps in knowledge were evident for certain services across all ecosystems, including the provision of biochemicals and natural medicines, genetic resources and the regulating services of seed dispersal, pest/disease regulation and invasion resistance. (Less)
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organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Wetlands, Trends, Rivers, Soils, Multifunctionality, Mountains, Lakes, Heathlands/shrublands, Grasslands, Forests, Agriculture, Ecosystem services
in
Biodiversity and Conservation
volume
19
issue
10
pages
2791 - 2821
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000280807700003
  • scopus:77955559761
ISSN
0960-3115
DOI
10.1007/s10531-010-9789-x
project
BECC
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
479eceb9-cee5-4e8b-acf8-494a639790f2 (old id 1677044)
date added to LUP
2010-09-22 07:39:31
date last changed
2018-07-15 03:06:52
@article{479eceb9-cee5-4e8b-acf8-494a639790f2,
  abstract     = {Ecosystems are multifunctional and provide humanity with a broad array of vital services. Effective management of services requires an improved evidence base, identifying the role of ecosystems in delivering multiple services, which can assist policy-makers in maintaining them. Here, information from the literature and scientific experts was used to systematically document the importance of services and identify trends in their use and status over time for the main terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems in Europe. The results from this review show that intensively managed ecosystems contribute mostly to vital provisioning services (e.g. agro-ecosystems provide food via crops and livestock, and forests provide wood), while semi-natural ecosystems (e.g. grasslands and mountains) are key contributors of genetic resources and cultural services (e.g. aesthetic values and sense of place). The most recent European trends in human use of services show increases in demand for crops from agro-ecosystems, timber from forests, water flow regulation from rivers, wetlands and mountains, and recreation and ecotourism in most ecosystems, but decreases in livestock production, freshwater capture fisheries, wild foods and virtually all services associated with ecosystems which have considerably decreased in area (e.g. semi-natural grasslands). The condition of the majority of services show either a degraded or mixed status across Europe with the exception of recent enhancements in timber production in forests and mountains, freshwater provision, water/erosion/natural hazard regulation and recreation/ecotourism in mountains, and climate regulation in forests. Key gaps in knowledge were evident for certain services across all ecosystems, including the provision of biochemicals and natural medicines, genetic resources and the regulating services of seed dispersal, pest/disease regulation and invasion resistance.},
  author       = {Harrison, Paula A. and Vandewalle, Marie and Sykes, Martin and Berry, Pam M. and Bugter, Rob and de Bello, Francesco and Feld, Christian K. and Grandin, Ulf and Harrington, Richard and Haslett, John R. and Jongman, Rob H. G. and Luck, Gary W. and da Silva, Pedro Martins and Moora, Mari and Settele, Josef and Sousa, J. Paulo and Zobel, Martin},
  issn         = {0960-3115},
  keyword      = {Wetlands,Trends,Rivers,Soils,Multifunctionality,Mountains,Lakes,Heathlands/shrublands,Grasslands,Forests,Agriculture,Ecosystem services},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {2791--2821},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Biodiversity and Conservation},
  title        = {Identifying and prioritising services in European terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10531-010-9789-x},
  volume       = {19},
  year         = {2010},
}