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The modifier effect in within-category induction: Default inheritance in complex noun phrases.

Jönsson, Martin LU and Hampton, James (2012) In Language and Cognitive Processes 27. p.90-116
Abstract
Within-category induction is the projection of a generic property from a class (Apples are sweet) to a subtype of that class (Chinese apples are sweet). The modifier effect refers to the discovery reported by Connolly et al., that the subtype statement tends to be judged less likely to be true than the original unmodified sentence. The effect was replicated and shown to be moderated by the typicality of the modifier (Experiment 1). Likelihood judgements were also found to correlate between modified and unmodified versions of sentences. Experiment 2 elicited justifications, which suggested three types of reason for the effect-pragmatics, knowledge-based reasoning, and uncertainty about attribute inheritance. It is argued that the results... (More)
Within-category induction is the projection of a generic property from a class (Apples are sweet) to a subtype of that class (Chinese apples are sweet). The modifier effect refers to the discovery reported by Connolly et al., that the subtype statement tends to be judged less likely to be true than the original unmodified sentence. The effect was replicated and shown to be moderated by the typicality of the modifier (Experiment 1). Likelihood judgements were also found to correlate between modified and unmodified versions of sentences. Experiment 2 elicited justifications, which suggested three types of reason for the effect-pragmatics, knowledge-based reasoning, and uncertainty about attribute inheritance. It is argued that the results provide clear evidence for the default inheritance of prototypical attributes in modified concepts, although a full account of the effect remains to be given. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Concepts, Prototypes, Compositionality, Conceptual combination
in
Language and Cognitive Processes
volume
27
pages
90 - 116
publisher
Routledge
external identifiers
  • wos:000302402000004
  • scopus:84855930894
ISSN
0169-0965
DOI
10.1080/01690965.2010.544107
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9f3dbfa6-6d58-42f4-b43c-37229ad3a331 (old id 1689871)
date added to LUP
2010-10-04 14:55:46
date last changed
2017-01-01 04:11:50
@article{9f3dbfa6-6d58-42f4-b43c-37229ad3a331,
  abstract     = {Within-category induction is the projection of a generic property from a class (Apples are sweet) to a subtype of that class (Chinese apples are sweet). The modifier effect refers to the discovery reported by Connolly et al., that the subtype statement tends to be judged less likely to be true than the original unmodified sentence. The effect was replicated and shown to be moderated by the typicality of the modifier (Experiment 1). Likelihood judgements were also found to correlate between modified and unmodified versions of sentences. Experiment 2 elicited justifications, which suggested three types of reason for the effect-pragmatics, knowledge-based reasoning, and uncertainty about attribute inheritance. It is argued that the results provide clear evidence for the default inheritance of prototypical attributes in modified concepts, although a full account of the effect remains to be given.},
  author       = {Jönsson, Martin and Hampton, James},
  issn         = {0169-0965},
  keyword      = {Concepts,Prototypes,Compositionality,Conceptual combination},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {90--116},
  publisher    = {Routledge},
  series       = {Language and Cognitive Processes},
  title        = {The modifier effect in within-category induction: Default inheritance in complex noun phrases.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01690965.2010.544107},
  volume       = {27},
  year         = {2012},
}