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Vortices in quantum droplets: Analogies between boson and fermion systems

Saarikoski, H.; Reimann, Stephanie LU ; Harju, A. and Manninen, M. (2010) In Reviews of Modern Physics 82(3). p.2785-2834
Abstract
The main theme of this review is the many-body physics of vortices in quantum droplets of bosons or fermions in the limit of small particle numbers. Systems of interest include cold atoms in traps as well as electrons confined in quantum dots. When set to rotate, these in principle different quantum systems show remarkable analogies. The topics reviewed include the structure of the finite rotating many-body state, universality of vortex formation and localization of vortices in both bosonic and fermionic systems, and the emergence of particle-vortex composites in the quantum Hall regime. An overview of the computational many-body techniques sets focus on the configuration-interaction and density-functional methods. Studies of quantum... (More)
The main theme of this review is the many-body physics of vortices in quantum droplets of bosons or fermions in the limit of small particle numbers. Systems of interest include cold atoms in traps as well as electrons confined in quantum dots. When set to rotate, these in principle different quantum systems show remarkable analogies. The topics reviewed include the structure of the finite rotating many-body state, universality of vortex formation and localization of vortices in both bosonic and fermionic systems, and the emergence of particle-vortex composites in the quantum Hall regime. An overview of the computational many-body techniques sets focus on the configuration-interaction and density-functional methods. Studies of quantum droplets with one or several particle components, where vortices as well as coreless vortices may occur, are reviewed, and theoretical as well as experimental challenges are discussed. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Reviews of Modern Physics
volume
82
issue
3
pages
2785 - 2834
publisher
American Physical Society
external identifiers
  • wos:000282273500001
  • scopus:79251515467
ISSN
0034-6861
DOI
10.1103/RevModPhys.82.2785
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8590a5bd-820a-47c2-a50b-342fa0dd30a4 (old id 1694075)
date added to LUP
2010-10-27 13:48:36
date last changed
2018-07-01 04:05:50
@article{8590a5bd-820a-47c2-a50b-342fa0dd30a4,
  abstract     = {The main theme of this review is the many-body physics of vortices in quantum droplets of bosons or fermions in the limit of small particle numbers. Systems of interest include cold atoms in traps as well as electrons confined in quantum dots. When set to rotate, these in principle different quantum systems show remarkable analogies. The topics reviewed include the structure of the finite rotating many-body state, universality of vortex formation and localization of vortices in both bosonic and fermionic systems, and the emergence of particle-vortex composites in the quantum Hall regime. An overview of the computational many-body techniques sets focus on the configuration-interaction and density-functional methods. Studies of quantum droplets with one or several particle components, where vortices as well as coreless vortices may occur, are reviewed, and theoretical as well as experimental challenges are discussed.},
  author       = {Saarikoski, H. and Reimann, Stephanie and Harju, A. and Manninen, M.},
  issn         = {0034-6861},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {2785--2834},
  publisher    = {American Physical Society},
  series       = {Reviews of Modern Physics},
  title        = {Vortices in quantum droplets: Analogies between boson and fermion systems},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/RevModPhys.82.2785},
  volume       = {82},
  year         = {2010},
}