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Host associations and turnover of haemosporidian parasites in manakins (Aves: Pipridae)

Fecchio, Alan; SVENSSON-COELHO, MARIA LU ; BELL, JEFFREY; ELLIS, VINCENZO A LU ; Medeiros, Matthew CI; TRISOS, CHRISTOPHER H; Blake, John G.; Loiselle, Bette A.; Tobias, Joseph A and Fanti, Rebeka (2017) In Parasitology
Abstract
Parasites of the genera Plasmodium and Haemoproteus (Apicomplexa: Haemosporida) are a diverse group of pathogens that infect birds nearly worldwide. Despite their ubiquity, the ecological and evolutionary factors that shape the diversity and distribution of these protozoan parasites among avian communities and geographic regions are poorly understood. Based on a survey throughout the Neotropics of the haemosporidian parasites infecting manakins (Pipridae), a family of Passerine birds endemic to this region, we asked whether host relatedness, ecological similarity and geographic proximity structure parasite turnover between manakin species and local manakin assemblages. We used molecular methods to screen 1343 individuals of 30 manakin... (More)
Parasites of the genera Plasmodium and Haemoproteus (Apicomplexa: Haemosporida) are a diverse group of pathogens that infect birds nearly worldwide. Despite their ubiquity, the ecological and evolutionary factors that shape the diversity and distribution of these protozoan parasites among avian communities and geographic regions are poorly understood. Based on a survey throughout the Neotropics of the haemosporidian parasites infecting manakins (Pipridae), a family of Passerine birds endemic to this region, we asked whether host relatedness, ecological similarity and geographic proximity structure parasite turnover between manakin species and local manakin assemblages. We used molecular methods to screen 1343 individuals of 30 manakin species for the presence of parasites. We found no significant correlations between manakin parasite lineage turnover and both manakin species turnover and geographic distance. Climate differences, species turnover in the larger bird community and parasite lineage turnover in non-manakin hosts did not correlate with manakin parasite lineage turnover. We also found no evidence that manakin parasite lineage turnover among host species correlates with range overlap and genetic divergence among hosts. Our analyses indicate that host switching (turnover among host species) and dispersal (turnover among locations) of haemosporidian parasites in manakins are not constrained at this scale. (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Avian malaria, community assembly, host switching, host turnover, parasite community, parasite diversity
in
Parasitology
pages
10 pages
publisher
Cambridge University Press
external identifiers
  • scopus:85015246077
ISSN
1469-8161
DOI
10.1017/S0031182017000208
language
Unknown
LU publication?
no
id
16a2aaca-1f5b-4617-9cab-4d3e38511e8c
date added to LUP
2017-05-09 15:04:46
date last changed
2018-05-06 04:33:06
@article{16a2aaca-1f5b-4617-9cab-4d3e38511e8c,
  abstract     = {Parasites of the genera Plasmodium and Haemoproteus (Apicomplexa: Haemosporida) are a diverse group of pathogens that infect birds nearly worldwide. Despite their ubiquity, the ecological and evolutionary factors that shape the diversity and distribution of these protozoan parasites among avian communities and geographic regions are poorly understood. Based on a survey throughout the Neotropics of the haemosporidian parasites infecting manakins (Pipridae), a family of Passerine birds endemic to this region, we asked whether host relatedness, ecological similarity and geographic proximity structure parasite turnover between manakin species and local manakin assemblages. We used molecular methods to screen 1343 individuals of 30 manakin species for the presence of parasites. We found no significant correlations between manakin parasite lineage turnover and both manakin species turnover and geographic distance. Climate differences, species turnover in the larger bird community and parasite lineage turnover in non-manakin hosts did not correlate with manakin parasite lineage turnover. We also found no evidence that manakin parasite lineage turnover among host species correlates with range overlap and genetic divergence among hosts. Our analyses indicate that host switching (turnover among host species) and dispersal (turnover among locations) of haemosporidian parasites in manakins are not constrained at this scale.},
  author       = {Fecchio, Alan and SVENSSON-COELHO, MARIA and BELL, JEFFREY and ELLIS, VINCENZO A and Medeiros, Matthew CI and TRISOS, CHRISTOPHER H and Blake, John G. and Loiselle, Bette A. and Tobias, Joseph A and Fanti, Rebeka},
  issn         = {1469-8161},
  keyword      = {Avian malaria,community assembly,host switching,host turnover,parasite community,parasite diversity},
  language     = {und},
  pages        = {10},
  publisher    = {Cambridge University Press},
  series       = {Parasitology},
  title        = {Host associations and turnover of haemosporidian parasites in manakins (Aves: Pipridae)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0031182017000208},
  year         = {2017},
}