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Professional Fields and Truth Regimes: In Search of Alternative Approaches

Brante, Thomas LU (2010) In Comparative Sociology 9(6). p.843-886
Abstract
Sociology of the professions has faced difficulties in delineating and defining the core of its object of study, the concept and phenomenon of profession. Setting out from the so-called French epistemological tradition, this article tries out a new possibility. It is argued that if there are trans-historical elements in professions, they are found at the cognitive side, as a certain reasonably invariant cognitive structure. The structure implies that a specific type of (scientific) knowledge can be coupled with professional practice, that is, know-why is linked to know-how. This is what the notion of profession primarily should be based on. Science, profession, and “object” together constitute a “truth-regime” in Foucault's sense. On the... (More)
Sociology of the professions has faced difficulties in delineating and defining the core of its object of study, the concept and phenomenon of profession. Setting out from the so-called French epistemological tradition, this article tries out a new possibility. It is argued that if there are trans-historical elements in professions, they are found at the cognitive side, as a certain reasonably invariant cognitive structure. The structure implies that a specific type of (scientific) knowledge can be coupled with professional practice, that is, know-why is linked to know-how. This is what the notion of profession primarily should be based on. Science, profession, and “object” together constitute a “truth-regime” in Foucault's sense. On the other hand, the social side of professions is historically variable. Indeed, the social attributes of a profession changes with social transformations and external interests, with its position in Bourdeauian professional fields, and with its relations in “the professional complex.” The article concludes with a suggestion for a new definition of professions. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
definition of profession, professional landscape, ontological model, professional truth-regime, profession, professional field
in
Comparative Sociology
volume
9
issue
6
pages
843 - 886
publisher
Brill Academic Publishers
external identifiers
  • scopus:78649311168
ISSN
1569-1330
DOI
10.1163/156913310X522615
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4c07219e-c7a5-490a-b2a2-5e4a9ac2e5ef (old id 1718902)
date added to LUP
2010-11-19 13:57:59
date last changed
2018-06-24 03:30:23
@article{4c07219e-c7a5-490a-b2a2-5e4a9ac2e5ef,
  abstract     = {Sociology of the professions has faced difficulties in delineating and defining the core of its object of study, the concept and phenomenon of profession. Setting out from the so-called French epistemological tradition, this article tries out a new possibility. It is argued that if there are trans-historical elements in professions, they are found at the cognitive side, as a certain reasonably invariant cognitive structure. The structure implies that a specific type of (scientific) knowledge can be coupled with professional practice, that is, know-why is linked to know-how. This is what the notion of profession primarily should be based on. Science, profession, and “object” together constitute a “truth-regime” in Foucault's sense. On the other hand, the social side of professions is historically variable. Indeed, the social attributes of a profession changes with social transformations and external interests, with its position in Bourdeauian professional fields, and with its relations in “the professional complex.” The article concludes with a suggestion for a new definition of professions.},
  author       = {Brante, Thomas},
  issn         = {1569-1330},
  keyword      = {definition of profession,professional landscape,ontological model,professional truth-regime,profession,professional field},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {843--886},
  publisher    = {Brill Academic Publishers},
  series       = {Comparative Sociology},
  title        = {Professional Fields and Truth Regimes: In Search of Alternative Approaches},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156913310X522615},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2010},
}