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Major complications during negative pressure wound therapy in poststernotomy mediastinitis after cardiac surgery

Petzina, Rainer; Malmsjö, Malin LU ; Stamm, Christof and Hetzer, Roland (2010) In Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 140(5). p.1133-1136
Abstract
Objective: Negative pressure wound therapy is the first-line treatment modality for poststernotomy mediastinitis in many heart centers. The aim of this study was to analyze major complications and possible preventive methods during negative pressure wound therapy in patients with deep sternal wound infections. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 69 consecutive patients treated with negative pressure wound therapy for poststernotomy mediastinitis between June 2006 and September 2009. Results: Five (7.2%) patients sustained major complications during negative pressure wound therapy. Bleeding from coronary artery venous bypass grafts was observed in 4 patients and fulminant bleeding from an infected homograft of the ascending aorta was... (More)
Objective: Negative pressure wound therapy is the first-line treatment modality for poststernotomy mediastinitis in many heart centers. The aim of this study was to analyze major complications and possible preventive methods during negative pressure wound therapy in patients with deep sternal wound infections. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 69 consecutive patients treated with negative pressure wound therapy for poststernotomy mediastinitis between June 2006 and September 2009. Results: Five (7.2%) patients sustained major complications during negative pressure wound therapy. Bleeding from coronary artery venous bypass grafts was observed in 4 patients and fulminant bleeding from an infected homograft of the ascending aorta was observed in 1 patient during routine dressing changes of the negative pressure wound therapy system. Conclusions: Bleeding is the major complication during negative pressure wound therapy for poststernotomy mediastinitis. Covering the heart with several layers of paraffin gauze is a necessary protective maneuver but cannot completely prevent major complications during negative pressure wound therapy. All operative procedures, including dressing changes, should be performed in the operating room under optimal hygienic and monitoring conditions to increase the salvage rate and to guarantee optimal surgical and anesthesiologic conditions in case of negative pressure wound therapy-related complications. (J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2010;140:1133-6) (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
volume
140
issue
5
pages
1133 - 1136
publisher
Mosby
external identifiers
  • wos:000283057600037
  • scopus:77957985655
ISSN
1097-685X
DOI
10.1016/j.jtcvs.2010.06.063
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
aa7c077e-66e6-47fd-aa44-2ef87458829a (old id 1720756)
date added to LUP
2010-12-03 14:11:39
date last changed
2018-05-29 10:04:00
@article{aa7c077e-66e6-47fd-aa44-2ef87458829a,
  abstract     = {Objective: Negative pressure wound therapy is the first-line treatment modality for poststernotomy mediastinitis in many heart centers. The aim of this study was to analyze major complications and possible preventive methods during negative pressure wound therapy in patients with deep sternal wound infections. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 69 consecutive patients treated with negative pressure wound therapy for poststernotomy mediastinitis between June 2006 and September 2009. Results: Five (7.2%) patients sustained major complications during negative pressure wound therapy. Bleeding from coronary artery venous bypass grafts was observed in 4 patients and fulminant bleeding from an infected homograft of the ascending aorta was observed in 1 patient during routine dressing changes of the negative pressure wound therapy system. Conclusions: Bleeding is the major complication during negative pressure wound therapy for poststernotomy mediastinitis. Covering the heart with several layers of paraffin gauze is a necessary protective maneuver but cannot completely prevent major complications during negative pressure wound therapy. All operative procedures, including dressing changes, should be performed in the operating room under optimal hygienic and monitoring conditions to increase the salvage rate and to guarantee optimal surgical and anesthesiologic conditions in case of negative pressure wound therapy-related complications. (J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2010;140:1133-6)},
  author       = {Petzina, Rainer and Malmsjö, Malin and Stamm, Christof and Hetzer, Roland},
  issn         = {1097-685X},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {1133--1136},
  publisher    = {Mosby},
  series       = {Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery},
  title        = {Major complications during negative pressure wound therapy in poststernotomy mediastinitis after cardiac surgery},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2010.06.063},
  volume       = {140},
  year         = {2010},
}