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The ALICE TPC, a large 3-dimensional tracking device with fast readout for ultra-high multiplicity events

Alme, J.; Andres, Y.; Appelshaeuser, H.; Bablok, S.; Bialas, N.; Bolgen, R.; Bonnes, U.; Bramm, R.; Braun-Munzinger, P. and Campagnolo, R., et al. (2010) In Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors, and Associated Equipment 622(1). p.316-367
Abstract
The design, construction, and commissioning of the ALICE Time-Projection Chamber (TPC) is described. It is the main device for pattern recognition, tracking, and identification of charged particles in the ALICE experiment at the CERN LHC. The TPC is cylindrical in shape with a volume close to 90 m(3) and is operated in a 0.5T solenoidal magnetic field parallel to its axis. In this paper we describe in detail the design considerations for this detector for operation in the extreme multiplicity environment of central Pb-Pb collisions at LHC energy. The implementation of the resulting requirements into hardware (field cage, read-out chambers, electronics), infrastructure (gas and cooling system, laser-calibration system), and software led to... (More)
The design, construction, and commissioning of the ALICE Time-Projection Chamber (TPC) is described. It is the main device for pattern recognition, tracking, and identification of charged particles in the ALICE experiment at the CERN LHC. The TPC is cylindrical in shape with a volume close to 90 m(3) and is operated in a 0.5T solenoidal magnetic field parallel to its axis. In this paper we describe in detail the design considerations for this detector for operation in the extreme multiplicity environment of central Pb-Pb collisions at LHC energy. The implementation of the resulting requirements into hardware (field cage, read-out chambers, electronics), infrastructure (gas and cooling system, laser-calibration system), and software led to many technical innovations which are described along with a presentation of all the major components of the detector, as currently realized. We also report on the performance achieved after completion of the first round of stand-alone calibration runs and demonstrate results close to those specified in the TPC Technical Design Report. (C) 2010 CERN for the benefit of the ALICE collaboration. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (Less)
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ALICE, Time Projection Chamber
in
Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors, and Associated Equipment
volume
622
issue
1
pages
316 - 367
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000282530300046
  • scopus:77956457443
ISSN
0167-5087
DOI
10.1016/j.nima.2010.04.042
language
English
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yes
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9e486abd-202e-4645-ab8b-032c86851ce3 (old id 1725607)
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2010-12-07 13:17:04
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2018-07-15 03:57:32
@article{9e486abd-202e-4645-ab8b-032c86851ce3,
  abstract     = {The design, construction, and commissioning of the ALICE Time-Projection Chamber (TPC) is described. It is the main device for pattern recognition, tracking, and identification of charged particles in the ALICE experiment at the CERN LHC. The TPC is cylindrical in shape with a volume close to 90 m(3) and is operated in a 0.5T solenoidal magnetic field parallel to its axis. In this paper we describe in detail the design considerations for this detector for operation in the extreme multiplicity environment of central Pb-Pb collisions at LHC energy. The implementation of the resulting requirements into hardware (field cage, read-out chambers, electronics), infrastructure (gas and cooling system, laser-calibration system), and software led to many technical innovations which are described along with a presentation of all the major components of the detector, as currently realized. We also report on the performance achieved after completion of the first round of stand-alone calibration runs and demonstrate results close to those specified in the TPC Technical Design Report. (C) 2010 CERN for the benefit of the ALICE collaboration. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Alme, J. and Andres, Y. and Appelshaeuser, H. and Bablok, S. and Bialas, N. and Bolgen, R. and Bonnes, U. and Bramm, R. and Braun-Munzinger, P. and Campagnolo, R. and Christiansen, Peter and Dobrin, Alexandru and Engster, C. and Fehlker, D. and Foka, Y. and Frankenfeld, U. and Gaardhoje, J. J. and Garabatos, C. and Glaessel, P. and Gutierrez, C. Gonzalez and Gros, Philippe and Gustafsson, Hans-Åke and Helstrup, H. and Hoch, M. and Ivanov, M. and Janik, R. and Junique, A. and Kalweit, A. and Keidel, R. and Kniege, S. and Kowalski, M. and Larsen, D. T. and Lesenechal, Y. and Lenoir, P. and Lindegaard, N. and Lippmann, C. and Mager, M. and Mast, M. and Matyja, A. and Munkejord, M. and Musa, L. and Nielsen, B. S. and Nikolic, V. and Oeschler, H. and Olsen, E. K. and Oskarsson, Anders and Österman, Lennart and Pikna, M. and Rehman, A. and Renault, G. and Renfordt, R. and Rossegger, S. and Rohrich, D. and Roed, K. and Richter, M. and Rueshmann, G. and Rybicki, A. and Sann, H. and Schmidt, H-R and Siska, M. and Sitar, B. and Soegaard, C. and Soltveit, H-K and Soyk, D. and Stachel, J. and Stelzer, H. and Stenlund, Evert and Stock, R. and Strmen, P. and Szarka, I. and Ullaland, K. and Vranic, D. and Veenhof, R. D. and Westergaard, J. and Wiechula, J. and Windelband, B.},
  issn         = {0167-5087},
  keyword      = {ALICE,Time Projection Chamber},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {316--367},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors, and Associated Equipment},
  title        = {The ALICE TPC, a large 3-dimensional tracking device with fast readout for ultra-high multiplicity events},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2010.04.042},
  volume       = {622},
  year         = {2010},
}