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Serine- and Arginine-rich Proteins 55 and 75 (SRp55 and SRp75) Induce Production of HIV-1 vpr mRNA by Inhibiting the 5 '-Splice Site of Exon 3

Tranell, Anna; Fenyö, Eva Maria LU and Schwartz, Stefan (2010) In Journal of Biological Chemistry 285(41). p.31537-31547
Abstract
HIV-1 non-coding exon 3 can either be spliced to exons 4, 4a, 4b, 4c, and 5 to generate tat, rev, and nef mRNAs or remain unspliced to produce the 13a7 vpr mRNA. Here we show that serine-and arginine-rich proteins 55 and 75 (SRp55 and SRp75) inhibit splicing from the 5'-splice site of exon 3 thereby causing an accumulation of the partially unspliced 13a7 vpr mRNA. In contrast, serine- and arginine-rich protein 40 (SRp40) induces splicing from exon 3 to exon 4, thereby promoting the production of the 1347 tat mRNA. We demonstrate that SRp55 stimulates vpr mRNA production by interacting with the previously identified HIV-1 splicing enhancer named GAR and inhibiting its function. This inhibition requires both serine arginine-rich and... (More)
HIV-1 non-coding exon 3 can either be spliced to exons 4, 4a, 4b, 4c, and 5 to generate tat, rev, and nef mRNAs or remain unspliced to produce the 13a7 vpr mRNA. Here we show that serine-and arginine-rich proteins 55 and 75 (SRp55 and SRp75) inhibit splicing from the 5'-splice site of exon 3 thereby causing an accumulation of the partially unspliced 13a7 vpr mRNA. In contrast, serine- and arginine-rich protein 40 (SRp40) induces splicing from exon 3 to exon 4, thereby promoting the production of the 1347 tat mRNA. We demonstrate that SRp55 stimulates vpr mRNA production by interacting with the previously identified HIV-1 splicing enhancer named GAR and inhibiting its function. This inhibition requires both serine arginine-rich and RNA-binding domains of SRp55, indicating that production of HIV-1 vpr mRNA depends on the interaction of SRp55 with an unknown factor. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Biological Chemistry
volume
285
issue
41
pages
31537 - 31547
publisher
ASBMB
external identifiers
  • wos:000282764600048
  • scopus:77957807647
ISSN
1083-351X
DOI
10.1074/jbc.M109.077453
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3f353114-34a2-411c-8e6b-b90832ae79b5 (old id 1753607)
date added to LUP
2011-01-04 08:16:32
date last changed
2018-05-29 10:50:53
@article{3f353114-34a2-411c-8e6b-b90832ae79b5,
  abstract     = {HIV-1 non-coding exon 3 can either be spliced to exons 4, 4a, 4b, 4c, and 5 to generate tat, rev, and nef mRNAs or remain unspliced to produce the 13a7 vpr mRNA. Here we show that serine-and arginine-rich proteins 55 and 75 (SRp55 and SRp75) inhibit splicing from the 5'-splice site of exon 3 thereby causing an accumulation of the partially unspliced 13a7 vpr mRNA. In contrast, serine- and arginine-rich protein 40 (SRp40) induces splicing from exon 3 to exon 4, thereby promoting the production of the 1347 tat mRNA. We demonstrate that SRp55 stimulates vpr mRNA production by interacting with the previously identified HIV-1 splicing enhancer named GAR and inhibiting its function. This inhibition requires both serine arginine-rich and RNA-binding domains of SRp55, indicating that production of HIV-1 vpr mRNA depends on the interaction of SRp55 with an unknown factor.},
  author       = {Tranell, Anna and Fenyö, Eva Maria and Schwartz, Stefan},
  issn         = {1083-351X},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {41},
  pages        = {31537--31547},
  publisher    = {ASBMB},
  series       = {Journal of Biological Chemistry},
  title        = {Serine- and Arginine-rich Proteins 55 and 75 (SRp55 and SRp75) Induce Production of HIV-1 vpr mRNA by Inhibiting the 5 '-Splice Site of Exon 3},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M109.077453},
  volume       = {285},
  year         = {2010},
}