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Tibast : om bilden av Daphne mezereum i Palmstruchs Svensk Botanik

Törnvall, Gunilla LU (2010) In Svenska Linnésällskapets årsskrift Årgång 2010. p.101-118
Abstract
The cover of the latest volume of the scientific flora Flora Nordica (2010) is illustrated with a picture of the mezereon plant, Daphne mezereum, taken from J. W. Palmstruch’s old Swedish flora Svensk botanik (1802). In his preface, Palmstruch states that the illustrations are most often depicted from nature, but ”sometimes borrowed, with or without improvements” from four quoted international works: Georg Christian Oeder’s Flora Danica (1761-1883), Joseph Jacob von Plenck’s Icones Plantarum Medicinalium (1788-1812), William Woodville’s Medical Botany (1790-95), and James Sowerby’s & James Edward Smith’s English Botany (1790-1814). This article discusses the copying of illustrations in botanical treatises, focusing on the picture of... (More)
The cover of the latest volume of the scientific flora Flora Nordica (2010) is illustrated with a picture of the mezereon plant, Daphne mezereum, taken from J. W. Palmstruch’s old Swedish flora Svensk botanik (1802). In his preface, Palmstruch states that the illustrations are most often depicted from nature, but ”sometimes borrowed, with or without improvements” from four quoted international works: Georg Christian Oeder’s Flora Danica (1761-1883), Joseph Jacob von Plenck’s Icones Plantarum Medicinalium (1788-1812), William Woodville’s Medical Botany (1790-95), and James Sowerby’s & James Edward Smith’s English Botany (1790-1814). This article discusses the copying of illustrations in botanical treatises, focusing on the picture of the mezereon plant in these, and two later works.

Botanical illustrations are built on earlier pictorial and verbal tradition and knowledge, as well as the written text. Older visual representations are sometimes copied, and in certain cases occasionally modified in order to correct or to add more information. Even when the plant is actually depicted from the living specimen, the drawing is affected by the conventions of the specific genre and the specific context.

In 1901 the Swedish botanist Carl Lindman was responsible for the publication of the Swedish flora Bilder ur Nordens flora (1901-1905), that was, in some ways, a reworking of Palmstruch’s Svensk botanik. Palmstruch’s hand-coloured copper plates were to be transferred to chromolithographs by the artist and scientific illustrator Axel Ekblom. The text was to be completely revised by Lindman, whereas the illustrations were considered to be still valid and the original plan was simply to transfer the pictures to the new medium. Eventually Lindman, who was a skilful painter himself, was not satisfied with the old pictures, and so ended up taking a great part in the pictorial process as well. The old drawings were meticulously examined, corrected and often supplied with new, extremely magnified details. But also these new additions were influenced by others, most probably in this very case by O. W. Thomé’s Flora von Deutschland Österreich und der Schweiz (1885). Still today old pictures are reused in new floras, although not always strictly for scholarly purposes but sometimes for beauty and iconic value. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Palmstruch, Svensk botanik, Lindman, Bilder ur Nordens flora, tibast, kopiering, bildtradering
in
Svenska Linnésällskapets årsskrift
volume
Årgång 2010
pages
101 - 118
publisher
Svenska Linnésällskapet, Uppsala
ISSN
0375-2038
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
9c60314d-a844-47eb-8702-e2ce2c7d3d82 (old id 1759330)
date added to LUP
2011-01-10 14:16:45
date last changed
2018-05-29 12:23:40
@article{9c60314d-a844-47eb-8702-e2ce2c7d3d82,
  abstract     = {The cover of the latest volume of the scientific flora Flora Nordica (2010) is illustrated with a picture of the mezereon plant, Daphne mezereum, taken from J. W. Palmstruch’s old Swedish flora Svensk botanik (1802). In his preface, Palmstruch states that the illustrations are most often depicted from nature, but ”sometimes borrowed, with or without improvements” from four quoted international works: Georg Christian Oeder’s Flora Danica (1761-1883), Joseph Jacob von Plenck’s Icones Plantarum Medicinalium (1788-1812), William Woodville’s Medical Botany (1790-95), and James Sowerby’s &amp; James Edward Smith’s English Botany (1790-1814). This article discusses the copying of illustrations in botanical treatises, focusing on the picture of the mezereon plant in these, and two later works. <br/><br>
 Botanical illustrations are built on earlier pictorial and verbal tradition and knowledge, as well as the written text. Older visual representations are sometimes copied, and in certain cases occasionally modified in order to correct or to add more information. Even when the plant is actually depicted from the living specimen, the drawing is affected by the conventions of the specific genre and the specific context.<br/><br>
 In 1901 the Swedish botanist Carl Lindman was responsible for the publication of the Swedish flora Bilder ur Nordens flora (1901-1905), that was, in some ways, a reworking of Palmstruch’s Svensk botanik. Palmstruch’s hand-coloured copper plates were to be transferred to chromolithographs by the artist and scientific illustrator Axel Ekblom. The text was to be completely revised by Lindman, whereas the illustrations were considered to be still valid and the original plan was simply to transfer the pictures to the new medium. Eventually Lindman, who was a skilful painter himself, was not satisfied with the old pictures, and so ended up taking a great part in the pictorial process as well. The old drawings were meticulously examined, corrected and often supplied with new, extremely magnified details. But also these new additions were influenced by others, most probably in this very case by O. W. Thomé’s Flora von Deutschland Österreich und der Schweiz (1885). Still today old pictures are reused in new floras, although not always strictly for scholarly purposes but sometimes for beauty and iconic value.},
  author       = {Törnvall, Gunilla},
  issn         = {0375-2038},
  keyword      = {Palmstruch,Svensk botanik,Lindman,Bilder ur Nordens flora,tibast,kopiering,bildtradering},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {101--118},
  publisher    = {Svenska Linnésällskapet, Uppsala},
  series       = {Svenska Linnésällskapets årsskrift},
  title        = {Tibast : om bilden av Daphne mezereum i Palmstruchs Svensk Botanik},
  volume       = {Årgång 2010},
  year         = {2010},
}