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Arkitekten Hans Westman, funktionalismen och den regionala särarten

Tägil, Tomas LU (1996) In Arkitekturmuseets Skriftserie 6.
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Arkitekten Hans Westman var verksam i Skåne från 1932 till 1983. Hans rika och mångskiftande produktion har satt sin prägel på den moderna skånska arkitekturen, särskilt i Lund där han hade sitt arkitektkontor. Westmans arkitektur spänner över ett brett fält från bostadshus, offentliga byggnader, kraftverk till kyrkor och kloster. Flera verk är välkända, t ex radhusområdet Linnéstaden, Simrishamns stadshus och studentbostadshusen i Lund. Andra byggnader är mindre kända och presenteras här för första gången i ett sammanhang och där Hans Westmans förhållande till funktionalismen och den skånska regionala särarten diskuteras. Westmans regionalistiska ambition var sprungen ur hans kritik av... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Arkitekten Hans Westman var verksam i Skåne från 1932 till 1983. Hans rika och mångskiftande produktion har satt sin prägel på den moderna skånska arkitekturen, särskilt i Lund där han hade sitt arkitektkontor. Westmans arkitektur spänner över ett brett fält från bostadshus, offentliga byggnader, kraftverk till kyrkor och kloster. Flera verk är välkända, t ex radhusområdet Linnéstaden, Simrishamns stadshus och studentbostadshusen i Lund. Andra byggnader är mindre kända och presenteras här för första gången i ett sammanhang och där Hans Westmans förhållande till funktionalismen och den skånska regionala särarten diskuteras. Westmans regionalistiska ambition var sprungen ur hans kritik av funktionalismen. Han menade att arkitekterna måste rita mer mänskliga miljöer där variation, färgrikedom och idyll var viktigt. Flera av hans verk blev föremål för debatt på sin tid och kritiserades från mer renlärigt modernistiskt håll för att vara alltför traditionella och romantiska. I boken framträder en ny bild av denne okonventionelle arkitekt som samtidigt som han var öppen för internationella impulser också anpassade sig till den regionala kulturen. (Less)
Abstract
This thesis deals with the regional aspects of Swedish modernism exemplified by the architecture of Hans Westman (1905-1991). The main purpose of the dissertation has been to make a survey of what is perceived as particularly regional in Westman's buildings and if we can really talk about modern regional architecture. Modernism's breakthrough brought about the introduction of an architecture which was meant to be international in style. Gradually however, both individual and regional differences emerged in architectural practice. This development raised a great interest among architects such as Kenneth Frampton, who in his work "Critical Regionalism" examines the connection between modern and regional architecture. Skåne, Sweden's most... (More)
This thesis deals with the regional aspects of Swedish modernism exemplified by the architecture of Hans Westman (1905-1991). The main purpose of the dissertation has been to make a survey of what is perceived as particularly regional in Westman's buildings and if we can really talk about modern regional architecture. Modernism's breakthrough brought about the introduction of an architecture which was meant to be international in style. Gradually however, both individual and regional differences emerged in architectural practice. This development raised a great interest among architects such as Kenneth Frampton, who in his work "Critical Regionalism" examines the connection between modern and regional architecture. Skåne, Sweden's most Southern province, can be considered a region with its own distinct building tradition. Despite a flood of impulses from outside, rather than being wiped out, the regional peculiarities have instead been fused with modern architecture. Hans Westman, who practised as an architect in Skåne from 1932 until 1983, used this consciously in his architecture. He attempted to unite functionalism with the building traditions of Skåne. In doing so, rather than continuing a "true" tradition, he attempted to create a new distinctive regional architecture which was in reality more "Westmanian" in its expression. Westman began as an out-and-out functionalist and throughout the rest of his life he continued to profess his belief in modern architecture. However, he made one reservation against the functionalists, who didn't take account of the so-called "human factor". In this rather unclear term, Westman reveals his critical position towards functionalist architecture and also its deficiencies: the large scale, the monotonous repetition, the engineering style and the routine approach. It was out of this critical attitude that the motive for a more human modern architecture developed. Westman saw regional references as an essential part of this aspiration. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • PhD Caldenby, Claes, Architect, Göteborg
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Arkitektur, inredningsarkitektur, interior design, Architecture, Regional Characteristics, Critical Regionalism, Hans Westman, Skåne, Swedish Architecture, Building Tradition, Regionalism, Functionalism, Modern Architecture, 20th Century
in
Arkitekturmuseets Skriftserie
volume
6
pages
312 pages
publisher
Arkitekturmuseet
defense location
Architecture Building, Lecture Hall C
defense date
1996-11-29 10:15
external identifiers
  • other:ISRN: LUTADL/TAHI-1002-96-SE
ISSN
1101-962X
ISBN
91 85460 58 3
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
26f549c8-3982-493b-b05f-55fe5491b2ca (old id 17662)
date added to LUP
2007-05-24 09:26:13
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:52
@phdthesis{26f549c8-3982-493b-b05f-55fe5491b2ca,
  abstract     = {This thesis deals with the regional aspects of Swedish modernism exemplified by the architecture of Hans Westman (1905-1991). The main purpose of the dissertation has been to make a survey of what is perceived as particularly regional in Westman's buildings and if we can really talk about modern regional architecture. Modernism's breakthrough brought about the introduction of an architecture which was meant to be international in style. Gradually however, both individual and regional differences emerged in architectural practice. This development raised a great interest among architects such as Kenneth Frampton, who in his work "Critical Regionalism" examines the connection between modern and regional architecture. Skåne, Sweden's most Southern province, can be considered a region with its own distinct building tradition. Despite a flood of impulses from outside, rather than being wiped out, the regional peculiarities have instead been fused with modern architecture. Hans Westman, who practised as an architect in Skåne from 1932 until 1983, used this consciously in his architecture. He attempted to unite functionalism with the building traditions of Skåne. In doing so, rather than continuing a "true" tradition, he attempted to create a new distinctive regional architecture which was in reality more "Westmanian" in its expression. Westman began as an out-and-out functionalist and throughout the rest of his life he continued to profess his belief in modern architecture. However, he made one reservation against the functionalists, who didn't take account of the so-called "human factor". In this rather unclear term, Westman reveals his critical position towards functionalist architecture and also its deficiencies: the large scale, the monotonous repetition, the engineering style and the routine approach. It was out of this critical attitude that the motive for a more human modern architecture developed. Westman saw regional references as an essential part of this aspiration.},
  author       = {Tägil, Tomas},
  isbn         = {91 85460 58 3},
  issn         = {1101-962X},
  keyword      = {Arkitektur,inredningsarkitektur,interior design,Architecture,Regional Characteristics,Critical Regionalism,Hans Westman,Skåne,Swedish Architecture,Building Tradition,Regionalism,Functionalism,Modern Architecture,20th Century},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {312},
  publisher    = {Arkitekturmuseet},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Arkitekturmuseets Skriftserie},
  title        = {Arkitekten Hans Westman, funktionalismen och den regionala särarten},
  volume       = {6},
  year         = {1996},
}