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The criminalization of human error in aviation and healthcare: A review

Dekker, Sidney LU (2011) In Safety Science 49(2). p.121-127
Abstract
This review explores the social causes and psychological and organizational consequences of the criminalization of human error in aviation and healthcare. Increasing prevalence of criminal prosecution is seen as a threat to the health and safety of employees and entire safety-critical systems in many industries, but initiatives to counter or mitigate the trend are local and haphazard. Social causes such as a greater societal risk consciousness and intolerance of failure are examined, as well as organizational consequences for disclosure and incident reporting. Psychological consequences of the criminalization of human error are evaluated in terms of employee ill-health, an area that is under-investigated. The criminalization of... (More)
This review explores the social causes and psychological and organizational consequences of the criminalization of human error in aviation and healthcare. Increasing prevalence of criminal prosecution is seen as a threat to the health and safety of employees and entire safety-critical systems in many industries, but initiatives to counter or mitigate the trend are local and haphazard. Social causes such as a greater societal risk consciousness and intolerance of failure are examined, as well as organizational consequences for disclosure and incident reporting. Psychological consequences of the criminalization of human error are evaluated in terms of employee ill-health, an area that is under-investigated. The criminalization of professional mistakes seems to be an increasingly prevalent phenomenon at the intersection of safety work, sociology, criminology and legal as well as social justice. This paper reviews possible research directions into the criminalization of professional mistake in aviation and healthcare, in the hope of stimulating debate and eventually legitimating it as a topic of study in its own right. (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Incident reporting, Prosecution, Human error, Criminalization, Accountability, Just culture
in
Safety Science
volume
49
issue
2
pages
121 - 127
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000285125800003
  • scopus:78049420072
ISSN
0925-7535
DOI
10.1016/j.ssci.2010.09.010
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
2b77bad9-75c2-421b-a9e5-eae2764605a9 (old id 1774111)
date added to LUP
2011-01-31 08:55:46
date last changed
2017-09-17 05:53:35
@article{2b77bad9-75c2-421b-a9e5-eae2764605a9,
  abstract     = {This review explores the social causes and psychological and organizational consequences of the criminalization of human error in aviation and healthcare. Increasing prevalence of criminal prosecution is seen as a threat to the health and safety of employees and entire safety-critical systems in many industries, but initiatives to counter or mitigate the trend are local and haphazard. Social causes such as a greater societal risk consciousness and intolerance of failure are examined, as well as organizational consequences for disclosure and incident reporting. Psychological consequences of the criminalization of human error are evaluated in terms of employee ill-health, an area that is under-investigated. The criminalization of professional mistakes seems to be an increasingly prevalent phenomenon at the intersection of safety work, sociology, criminology and legal as well as social justice. This paper reviews possible research directions into the criminalization of professional mistake in aviation and healthcare, in the hope of stimulating debate and eventually legitimating it as a topic of study in its own right. (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Dekker, Sidney},
  issn         = {0925-7535},
  keyword      = {Incident reporting,Prosecution,Human error,Criminalization,Accountability,Just culture},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {121--127},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Safety Science},
  title        = {The criminalization of human error in aviation and healthcare: A review},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2010.09.010},
  volume       = {49},
  year         = {2011},
}