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LTB4 increases nasal neutrophil activity and conditions neutrophils to exert antiviral effects.

Widegren, Henrik LU ; Andersson, Morgan LU ; Borgeat, Pierre; Flamand, Louis; Johnston, Sebastian and Greiff, Lennart (2011) In Respiratory Medicine 105. p.997-1006
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) recruits and activates neutrophils. Accordingly, this leukotriene is involved in innate defense actions. OBJECTIVE: To examine if nasal LTB4 can produce neutrophil activity and to explore whether or not LTB4 can condition neutrophils to exert virucidal effects in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: 1. Twenty-three healthy subjects received nasal LTB4 in a randomized and sham-controlled design. Symptoms were scored and nasal lavages carried out. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) and α-defensins were monitored as indices of neutrophil activity. IL-8, eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) and α(2)-macroglobulin were measured as indices of pro-inflammatory cytokine production, eosinophil activity, and plasma exudation. 2.... (More)
BACKGROUND: Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) recruits and activates neutrophils. Accordingly, this leukotriene is involved in innate defense actions. OBJECTIVE: To examine if nasal LTB4 can produce neutrophil activity and to explore whether or not LTB4 can condition neutrophils to exert virucidal effects in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: 1. Twenty-three healthy subjects received nasal LTB4 in a randomized and sham-controlled design. Symptoms were scored and nasal lavages carried out. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) and α-defensins were monitored as indices of neutrophil activity. IL-8, eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) and α(2)-macroglobulin were measured as indices of pro-inflammatory cytokine production, eosinophil activity, and plasma exudation. 2. Supernatants from neutrophils activated by LTB4 in vitro were assayed for virucidal activity against respiratory viruses. 3. In 38 healthy individuals, nasal inoculation with human rhinovirus-16 (HRV-16) was performed. In a preliminary study, intervention with LTB4 was given in a randomized and controlled design. Symptoms, virus replication, and antibody-titres were monitored. RESULTS: 1. LTB4 produced statistically significant increases in MPO and α-defensins, whereas IL-8, ECP, and α(2)-macroglobulin were unaffected. 2. The supernatants efficiently killed human coronavirus, respiratory syncytial virus, and influenza B virus. 3. HRV-16 replication was lower in subjects receiving LTB4, but this difference failed to reach statistical significance. Common cold symptoms and incidence of seroconversion were unaffected. CONCLUSION: Nasal LTB4 induces a selective recruitment/activation of neutrophils. LTB4 can condition neutrophils to exert virucidal effects in vitro and may reduce virus replication in vivo. We suggest that the condition induced by LTB4 reflects an enhanced state of innate defense. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Respiratory Medicine
volume
105
pages
997 - 1006
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000292236700006
  • pmid:21251805
  • scopus:79957485585
ISSN
1532-3064
DOI
10.1016/j.rmed.2010.12.021
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
fd6b57f3-6be2-4154-99ad-c0315069c321 (old id 1777186)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21251805?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2011-02-01 08:58:14
date last changed
2017-10-29 03:45:33
@article{fd6b57f3-6be2-4154-99ad-c0315069c321,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) recruits and activates neutrophils. Accordingly, this leukotriene is involved in innate defense actions. OBJECTIVE: To examine if nasal LTB4 can produce neutrophil activity and to explore whether or not LTB4 can condition neutrophils to exert virucidal effects in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: 1. Twenty-three healthy subjects received nasal LTB4 in a randomized and sham-controlled design. Symptoms were scored and nasal lavages carried out. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) and α-defensins were monitored as indices of neutrophil activity. IL-8, eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) and α(2)-macroglobulin were measured as indices of pro-inflammatory cytokine production, eosinophil activity, and plasma exudation. 2. Supernatants from neutrophils activated by LTB4 in vitro were assayed for virucidal activity against respiratory viruses. 3. In 38 healthy individuals, nasal inoculation with human rhinovirus-16 (HRV-16) was performed. In a preliminary study, intervention with LTB4 was given in a randomized and controlled design. Symptoms, virus replication, and antibody-titres were monitored. RESULTS: 1. LTB4 produced statistically significant increases in MPO and α-defensins, whereas IL-8, ECP, and α(2)-macroglobulin were unaffected. 2. The supernatants efficiently killed human coronavirus, respiratory syncytial virus, and influenza B virus. 3. HRV-16 replication was lower in subjects receiving LTB4, but this difference failed to reach statistical significance. Common cold symptoms and incidence of seroconversion were unaffected. CONCLUSION: Nasal LTB4 induces a selective recruitment/activation of neutrophils. LTB4 can condition neutrophils to exert virucidal effects in vitro and may reduce virus replication in vivo. We suggest that the condition induced by LTB4 reflects an enhanced state of innate defense.},
  author       = {Widegren, Henrik and Andersson, Morgan and Borgeat, Pierre and Flamand, Louis and Johnston, Sebastian and Greiff, Lennart},
  issn         = {1532-3064},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {997--1006},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Respiratory Medicine},
  title        = {LTB4 increases nasal neutrophil activity and conditions neutrophils to exert antiviral effects.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2010.12.021},
  volume       = {105},
  year         = {2011},
}