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Conservation genetics of a critically endangered Iberian minnow: evidence of population decline and extirpations

Sousa, V.; Penha, F.; Pala, Irene LU ; Chikhi, L. and Coelho, Maria Manuela (2010) In Animal Conservation 13(2). p.162-171
Abstract
Abstract The endangered minnow Iberochondrostoma almacai is an endemic Iberian cyprinid with a restricted and fragmented distribution. Here, we describe the genetic structure of the species and infer its demographic history from six nuclear-encoded microsatellite loci and mitochondrial cytochrome b sequences. Genetic diversity was low (microsatellite He<0.45; mtDNA π<0.0015), and both markers resolved two groups: one from the northern Mira drainage and one from the Arade and Bensafrim drainages. The relatively low differentiation between these groups (0.09<FST<0.29; 0.31< ΦST <0.57) suggests past headwater captures and/or that populations were large until recently. The genetic diversity and differentiation estimates were... (More)
Abstract The endangered minnow Iberochondrostoma almacai is an endemic Iberian cyprinid with a restricted and fragmented distribution. Here, we describe the genetic structure of the species and infer its demographic history from six nuclear-encoded microsatellite loci and mitochondrial cytochrome b sequences. Genetic diversity was low (microsatellite He<0.45; mtDNA π<0.0015), and both markers resolved two groups: one from the northern Mira drainage and one from the Arade and Bensafrim drainages. The relatively low differentiation between these groups (0.09<FST<0.29; 0.31< ΦST <0.57) suggests past headwater captures and/or that populations were large until recently. The genetic diversity and differentiation estimates were compared with those for other three endangered cyprinids inhabiting similar intermittent rivers. Microsatellite data indicate a population decrease in the last 100–2400 years, probably as a result of anthropogenic disturbance. Human activities together with an intermittent flow of these rivers apparently led to local extinctions with consequent fragmentation and contraction in range. We recognize two management units corresponding to the two genetic groups identified. To maintain/increase genetic diversity, we recommend habitat restoration actions and measures to increase gene flow within and/or between the two units, under controlled reproductive programmes. Ecological experiments should be performed to ensure the success of supplementation among the two units. Moreover, the reintroductions in unoccupied drainages are suggested if further data confirm the presence of I. almacai in the recent past. (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
demographic history, population structure, mitochondrial DNA, endemic Cyprinidae, microsatellites
in
Animal Conservation
volume
13
issue
2
pages
162 - 171
publisher
Cambridge University Press
external identifiers
  • scopus:77952735728
ISSN
1469-1795
DOI
10.1111/j.1469-1795.2009.00317.x
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
126167d3-17c8-4ccf-9e42-efd8948fc6e1 (old id 1787938)
date added to LUP
2011-02-22 09:36:02
date last changed
2018-05-29 11:11:56
@article{126167d3-17c8-4ccf-9e42-efd8948fc6e1,
  abstract     = {Abstract The endangered minnow Iberochondrostoma almacai is an endemic Iberian cyprinid with a restricted and fragmented distribution. Here, we describe the genetic structure of the species and infer its demographic history from six nuclear-encoded microsatellite loci and mitochondrial cytochrome b sequences. Genetic diversity was low (microsatellite He&lt;0.45; mtDNA π&lt;0.0015), and both markers resolved two groups: one from the northern Mira drainage and one from the Arade and Bensafrim drainages. The relatively low differentiation between these groups (0.09&lt;FST&lt;0.29; 0.31&lt; ΦST &lt;0.57) suggests past headwater captures and/or that populations were large until recently. The genetic diversity and differentiation estimates were compared with those for other three endangered cyprinids inhabiting similar intermittent rivers. Microsatellite data indicate a population decrease in the last 100–2400 years, probably as a result of anthropogenic disturbance. Human activities together with an intermittent flow of these rivers apparently led to local extinctions with consequent fragmentation and contraction in range. We recognize two management units corresponding to the two genetic groups identified. To maintain/increase genetic diversity, we recommend habitat restoration actions and measures to increase gene flow within and/or between the two units, under controlled reproductive programmes. Ecological experiments should be performed to ensure the success of supplementation among the two units. Moreover, the reintroductions in unoccupied drainages are suggested if further data confirm the presence of I. almacai in the recent past.},
  author       = {Sousa, V. and Penha, F. and Pala, Irene and Chikhi, L. and Coelho, Maria Manuela},
  issn         = {1469-1795},
  keyword      = {demographic history,population structure,mitochondrial DNA,endemic Cyprinidae,microsatellites},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {162--171},
  publisher    = {Cambridge University Press},
  series       = {Animal Conservation},
  title        = {Conservation genetics of a critically endangered Iberian minnow: evidence of population decline and extirpations},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-1795.2009.00317.x},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2010},
}