Advanced

Global Governance of AIDS: Partnerships with Civil Soviety

Söderholm, Peter LU (1997)
Abstract
The global governance of AIDS is dependent for its success on the concerted efforts of actors from both local and global levels, thus challenging the current international organization based on state sovereignty. The study seeks to understand the processes behind the creation of partnerships among the many different nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) active in AIDS politics and the intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) charged with combatting the epidemic. The central argument is that different understandings emerge depending on which theoretical framework the researcher adopts. Söderholm analyzes AIDS governance using three prototypical frameworks: a Gramscian framework, an interorganizational framework, and a framework based on... (More)
The global governance of AIDS is dependent for its success on the concerted efforts of actors from both local and global levels, thus challenging the current international organization based on state sovereignty. The study seeks to understand the processes behind the creation of partnerships among the many different nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) active in AIDS politics and the intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) charged with combatting the epidemic. The central argument is that different understandings emerge depending on which theoretical framework the researcher adopts. Söderholm analyzes AIDS governance using three prototypical frameworks: a Gramscian framework, an interorganizational framework, and a framework based on individual networks and leadership. These each highlight different forces and tensions at play in AIDS governance but, simultaneously, and even necessarily, ignore other aspects. For instance, the Gramscian approach privileges discursive formations, the interorganizational framework prioritizes resource interdependencies, and the network model brings out consensual knowledge as the central concern for understanding the global governance of AIDS. More specifically, from the Gramscian framework, AIDS governance is a struggle between competing discursive formations. With the advent of AIDS, the hegemony of intergovernmentally run public-health programs was challenged by counterhegemonic groups intent on broadening both the basis of global policymaking in state sovereignty and the narrow focus on public health for AIDS control and prevention. The 3historic bloc3 was forced to accommodate, and tried both to co-opt and to discipline the counterhegemonic groups. The interorganizational framework interprets the process as challenges to the dominating position of the World Health Organization1s Global Programme on AIDS (GPA). GPA was established to lead and coordinate a global strategy of AIDS control and prevention, but lack of crucial resources for AIDS prevention and a questioning of GPA1s competence precipitated closer relations between GPA and NGOs. Efficient AIDS prevention necessitated closer links from this perspective. A network approach, lastly, see closer links as a result of an evolution of a shared understanding and trust between the key players involved in AIDS politics. Networks comprising IGO and NGO representatives evolved, and mutual animosity and prejudices were gradually replaced by confidence and appreciation. Each of the three frameworks contributes a unique piece to the nuanced picture of the studied processes that results from their combination. Lastly, the question of whether the politics of AIDS signals the advent of a new post-Westphalian way of global governance is addressed. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • Bergesen, Helge Ole
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
AIDS, Global Governance, sovereignty, partnerships, Political and administrative sciences, nongovernmental organization, intergovernmental organization, Statsvetenskap, förvaltningskunskap
pages
220 pages
publisher
Lund University Press
defense location
Edens hörsal, Paradisgatan 5H, Lund
defense date
1997-06-11 10:00
ISSN
0460-0037
ISBN
91-7966-424-5
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
fe72f514-72f1-4928-aefb-62b48dea0940 (old id 18351)
date added to LUP
2007-05-24 12:54:24
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:56
@phdthesis{fe72f514-72f1-4928-aefb-62b48dea0940,
  abstract     = {The global governance of AIDS is dependent for its success on the concerted efforts of actors from both local and global levels, thus challenging the current international organization based on state sovereignty. The study seeks to understand the processes behind the creation of partnerships among the many different nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) active in AIDS politics and the intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) charged with combatting the epidemic. The central argument is that different understandings emerge depending on which theoretical framework the researcher adopts. Söderholm analyzes AIDS governance using three prototypical frameworks: a Gramscian framework, an interorganizational framework, and a framework based on individual networks and leadership. These each highlight different forces and tensions at play in AIDS governance but, simultaneously, and even necessarily, ignore other aspects. For instance, the Gramscian approach privileges discursive formations, the interorganizational framework prioritizes resource interdependencies, and the network model brings out consensual knowledge as the central concern for understanding the global governance of AIDS. More specifically, from the Gramscian framework, AIDS governance is a struggle between competing discursive formations. With the advent of AIDS, the hegemony of intergovernmentally run public-health programs was challenged by counterhegemonic groups intent on broadening both the basis of global policymaking in state sovereignty and the narrow focus on public health for AIDS control and prevention. The 3historic bloc3 was forced to accommodate, and tried both to co-opt and to discipline the counterhegemonic groups. The interorganizational framework interprets the process as challenges to the dominating position of the World Health Organization1s Global Programme on AIDS (GPA). GPA was established to lead and coordinate a global strategy of AIDS control and prevention, but lack of crucial resources for AIDS prevention and a questioning of GPA1s competence precipitated closer relations between GPA and NGOs. Efficient AIDS prevention necessitated closer links from this perspective. A network approach, lastly, see closer links as a result of an evolution of a shared understanding and trust between the key players involved in AIDS politics. Networks comprising IGO and NGO representatives evolved, and mutual animosity and prejudices were gradually replaced by confidence and appreciation. Each of the three frameworks contributes a unique piece to the nuanced picture of the studied processes that results from their combination. Lastly, the question of whether the politics of AIDS signals the advent of a new post-Westphalian way of global governance is addressed.},
  author       = {Söderholm, Peter},
  isbn         = {91-7966-424-5},
  issn         = {0460-0037},
  keyword      = {AIDS,Global Governance,sovereignty,partnerships,Political and administrative sciences,nongovernmental organization,intergovernmental organization,Statsvetenskap,förvaltningskunskap},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {220},
  publisher    = {Lund University Press},
  school       = {Lund University},
  title        = {Global Governance of AIDS: Partnerships with Civil Soviety},
  year         = {1997},
}