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Framtidsuttrycken i svenskans temporala system

Holm, Lisa LU (1997) In Lundastudier i nordisk språkvetenskap. Serie A 52.
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

De svenska framtidsuttrycken (futuralt presens, futuralt skola och futuralt komma) är alla kontextuellt betingade användningar av uttryck som också har andra funktioner. Syftet med min avhandling är att beskriva vilka kontextvillkor som måste vara uppfyllda för att de tre uttrycken ska fungera som framtidsuttryck. I den modell över svenskans temporala system som presenteras hänförs den temporala information som en finit sats kan förmedla till någon av följande kategorier: tempussuffixen (dvs. presens eller preteritum); den inom- eller utomspråkliga kontexten; hjälpverb som bär en lexikal information om den temporala relationen mellan det överordnade och det underordnade verbet. En bärande tanke... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

De svenska framtidsuttrycken (futuralt presens, futuralt skola och futuralt komma) är alla kontextuellt betingade användningar av uttryck som också har andra funktioner. Syftet med min avhandling är att beskriva vilka kontextvillkor som måste vara uppfyllda för att de tre uttrycken ska fungera som framtidsuttryck. I den modell över svenskans temporala system som presenteras hänförs den temporala information som en finit sats kan förmedla till någon av följande kategorier: tempussuffixen (dvs. presens eller preteritum); den inom- eller utomspråkliga kontexten; hjälpverb som bär en lexikal information om den temporala relationen mellan det överordnade och det underordnade verbet. En bärande tanke är att hjälpverbens bidrag till satsens samlade temporala betydelse inte är oföränderligt utan kan variera dels beroende på kontexten, dels över tid. Detta gör att ett och samma hjälpverb i vissa fall kan ha ett mera fylligt semantiskt innehåll, i andra fall en mera renodlat temporal betydelse. (Less)
Abstract
The main aim of this study is to specify the contextual conditions that apply to the use of the three central expressions for the future in Swedish: the present form and the auxiliaries skola and komma. A tense suffix indicates a temporal domain and states that a mediating element, here called FIX, is placed in the indicated domain. The present suffix points to a domain that overlaps temporally with the speech point (SP). The past suffix points to a domain which lies entirely before SP. If it is to be possible to interpret a finite clause temporally, the speaker and the listener must be able to determine the placing of FIX within the suffix domain. FIX must therefore be specified by some intra- or extralinguistic (temporal) element. Two... (More)
The main aim of this study is to specify the contextual conditions that apply to the use of the three central expressions for the future in Swedish: the present form and the auxiliaries skola and komma. A tense suffix indicates a temporal domain and states that a mediating element, here called FIX, is placed in the indicated domain. The present suffix points to a domain that overlaps temporally with the speech point (SP). The past suffix points to a domain which lies entirely before SP. If it is to be possible to interpret a finite clause temporally, the speaker and the listener must be able to determine the placing of FIX within the suffix domain. FIX must therefore be specified by some intra- or extralinguistic (temporal) element. Two main types of FIX specification are distinguished: 1. TA-specification (the element that specifies FIX is a time adverbial, TA); 2. context specification (FIX is specified by a time that is stated in the discourse space (i.e. SP) or by a referential situation that has been mentioned in the preceding linguistic context (narration-specification). When FIX is TA-specified, there is temporal overlap between FIX and SIT (i.e., the time of the referential situation). When FIX is context-specified, there is a temporal overlap between FIX and SIT if the aktionsart of the finite verb is unbounded, while SIT can be located after FIX if the aktionsart of the finite verb is bounded. As regards the function of the future expressions in the tense system, the question of which element specifies FIX is crucial for the analysis of them all: the present used to refer to the future can be either TA-specified or SP-specified, and for both skola and komma their function as central verbal expressions for the future is above all associated with contexts where SP specifies FIX. Future skola can be subdivided into two functions: intentional-predictional skola, which occurs only when SP specifies FIX, and purely predictional skola, which occurs most commonly when FIX is narration-specified. The auxiliary komma can be divided into two main functions: aspectual komma, which mainly occurs in contexts where something other than SP specifies FIX, and future komma, which largely occurs only in contexts where SP specifies FIX. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • Professor Dahl, Östen, Dept of Linguistics, University of Stockholm
organization
alternative title
Expressions for the Future in the Swedish Tense System
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
aktionsart, Nordiska språk (språk och litteratur), modality, grammaticalization, temporal adverbial, Scandinavian languages and literature, expressions for the future, aspect, present, tense, Swedish, auxiliary, tense system
in
Lundastudier i nordisk språkvetenskap. Serie A
volume
52
pages
222 pages
publisher
Lund University Press
defense location
Room Kock at Department of Scandinavian Languages, Lund
defense date
1997-06-06 10:15
external identifiers
  • other:ISRN: LUHSDF/HSNS--97/1023--SE+222
ISSN
0347-8971
ISBN
91-7966-422-9
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
04a17ae4-f560-43ea-b244-6e8857557fc2 (old id 18355)
date added to LUP
2007-05-24 12:58:13
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:55
@phdthesis{04a17ae4-f560-43ea-b244-6e8857557fc2,
  abstract     = {The main aim of this study is to specify the contextual conditions that apply to the use of the three central expressions for the future in Swedish: the present form and the auxiliaries skola and komma. A tense suffix indicates a temporal domain and states that a mediating element, here called FIX, is placed in the indicated domain. The present suffix points to a domain that overlaps temporally with the speech point (SP). The past suffix points to a domain which lies entirely before SP. If it is to be possible to interpret a finite clause temporally, the speaker and the listener must be able to determine the placing of FIX within the suffix domain. FIX must therefore be specified by some intra- or extralinguistic (temporal) element. Two main types of FIX specification are distinguished: 1. TA-specification (the element that specifies FIX is a time adverbial, TA); 2. context specification (FIX is specified by a time that is stated in the discourse space (i.e. SP) or by a referential situation that has been mentioned in the preceding linguistic context (narration-specification). When FIX is TA-specified, there is temporal overlap between FIX and SIT (i.e., the time of the referential situation). When FIX is context-specified, there is a temporal overlap between FIX and SIT if the aktionsart of the finite verb is unbounded, while SIT can be located after FIX if the aktionsart of the finite verb is bounded. As regards the function of the future expressions in the tense system, the question of which element specifies FIX is crucial for the analysis of them all: the present used to refer to the future can be either TA-specified or SP-specified, and for both skola and komma their function as central verbal expressions for the future is above all associated with contexts where SP specifies FIX. Future skola can be subdivided into two functions: intentional-predictional skola, which occurs only when SP specifies FIX, and purely predictional skola, which occurs most commonly when FIX is narration-specified. The auxiliary komma can be divided into two main functions: aspectual komma, which mainly occurs in contexts where something other than SP specifies FIX, and future komma, which largely occurs only in contexts where SP specifies FIX.},
  author       = {Holm, Lisa},
  isbn         = {91-7966-422-9},
  issn         = {0347-8971},
  keyword      = {aktionsart,Nordiska språk (språk och litteratur),modality,grammaticalization,temporal adverbial,Scandinavian languages and literature,expressions for the future,aspect,present,tense,Swedish,auxiliary,tense system},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {222},
  publisher    = {Lund University Press},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Lundastudier i nordisk språkvetenskap. Serie A},
  title        = {Framtidsuttrycken i svenskans temporala system},
  volume       = {52},
  year         = {1997},
}