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The Crocodile's Tears - East Timor in the Making

Jannisa, Gudmund LU (1997) In Lund Dissertations in Sociology 14.
Abstract
On 7 December 1975 Indonesian troops invaded the former Portuguese colony of East Timor, which had unilaterally declared itself independent on 28 November the same year. The immediate background to the Indonesian invasion of East Timor was that the old regime in Portugal was overthrown in April 1974, resulting in a decolonisation programme for Portugal's colonies. Immediately after the invasion Indonesia installed a provisional government and now regards East Timor (Timor Timur in Bahasa Indonesia) as the Indonesian Republic's twenty-seventh province. The period 1975-1989 was in East Timor characterised first by war, later by isolation and fear. From 1989, in which year East Timor was opened up for visitors by the Indonesian authorities,... (More)
On 7 December 1975 Indonesian troops invaded the former Portuguese colony of East Timor, which had unilaterally declared itself independent on 28 November the same year. The immediate background to the Indonesian invasion of East Timor was that the old regime in Portugal was overthrown in April 1974, resulting in a decolonisation programme for Portugal's colonies. Immediately after the invasion Indonesia installed a provisional government and now regards East Timor (Timor Timur in Bahasa Indonesia) as the Indonesian Republic's twenty-seventh province. The period 1975-1989 was in East Timor characterised first by war, later by isolation and fear. From 1989, in which year East Timor was opened up for visitors by the Indonesian authorities, resistance against the occupation has been manifested in a multitude of ways, both by those living inside East Timor and among the East Timorese in exile. This was highlighted when, in December 1996, José Ramos Horta and Bishop Carlos Felipe Ximenes Belo were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their work in trying to resolve the conflict. The thesis presents the conflict in a historic perspective where the growth of Indonesian and East Timorese nationalisms are seen as two distinct historical processes which are shaped by their respective positions in the pre-colonial maritime trade of Asia, the impact of colonialism (Dutch and Portuguese respectively) and modern history in a global sense, especially from W.W.II onwards. The hypothesis of the study is that there exists among the East Timorese a sense of community feeling which by Benedict Anderson has been called an 'imagined community'. The aim of the thesis is to describe the historical background to the conflict and to establish the factors (historical/ethnic/linguistic etc.) which have led to the formation of this 'imagined community'in the sense that Benedict Anderson discusses this concept. The study ends with a discussion about the possibility to find solutions to the conflict, a possibility which is greatly enhanced by the East Timorese resistance' willingness to take part in 'talks without preconditions' under the auspices of the UN. (Less)
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author
opponent
  • Törnqvist, Olle
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Sociology, Sociologi, East Timor, Asian maritime trade, imagined community, Indonesia, nationalism
in
Lund Dissertations in Sociology
volume
14
pages
328 pages
publisher
Department of Sociology, Lund University
defense location
Edens hörsal, Paradisgatan 5H, Lund
defense date
1997-05-29 10:00
external identifiers
  • other:ISRN: LUSAGD/SASO- -97/1103- - SE
ISSN
1102-4712
ISBN
91-89078-01-2
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c9f556c4-4d78-4af0-b89b-8368a51193a5 (old id 18371)
date added to LUP
2007-05-24 11:28:18
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:56
@phdthesis{c9f556c4-4d78-4af0-b89b-8368a51193a5,
  abstract     = {On 7 December 1975 Indonesian troops invaded the former Portuguese colony of East Timor, which had unilaterally declared itself independent on 28 November the same year. The immediate background to the Indonesian invasion of East Timor was that the old regime in Portugal was overthrown in April 1974, resulting in a decolonisation programme for Portugal's colonies. Immediately after the invasion Indonesia installed a provisional government and now regards East Timor (Timor Timur in Bahasa Indonesia) as the Indonesian Republic's twenty-seventh province. The period 1975-1989 was in East Timor characterised first by war, later by isolation and fear. From 1989, in which year East Timor was opened up for visitors by the Indonesian authorities, resistance against the occupation has been manifested in a multitude of ways, both by those living inside East Timor and among the East Timorese in exile. This was highlighted when, in December 1996, José Ramos Horta and Bishop Carlos Felipe Ximenes Belo were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their work in trying to resolve the conflict. The thesis presents the conflict in a historic perspective where the growth of Indonesian and East Timorese nationalisms are seen as two distinct historical processes which are shaped by their respective positions in the pre-colonial maritime trade of Asia, the impact of colonialism (Dutch and Portuguese respectively) and modern history in a global sense, especially from W.W.II onwards. The hypothesis of the study is that there exists among the East Timorese a sense of community feeling which by Benedict Anderson has been called an 'imagined community'. The aim of the thesis is to describe the historical background to the conflict and to establish the factors (historical/ethnic/linguistic etc.) which have led to the formation of this 'imagined community'in the sense that Benedict Anderson discusses this concept. The study ends with a discussion about the possibility to find solutions to the conflict, a possibility which is greatly enhanced by the East Timorese resistance' willingness to take part in 'talks without preconditions' under the auspices of the UN.},
  author       = {Jannisa, Gudmund},
  isbn         = {91-89078-01-2},
  issn         = {1102-4712},
  keyword      = {Sociology,Sociologi,East Timor,Asian maritime trade,imagined community,Indonesia,nationalism},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {328},
  publisher    = {Department of Sociology, Lund University},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Lund Dissertations in Sociology},
  title        = {The Crocodile's Tears - East Timor in the Making},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {1997},
}