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Framework for an integrated simulation system for Wildland-Urban Interface fire evacuation

Ronchi, Enrico LU ; Rein, Guillermo; Gwynne, Steve M. V.; Intini, Paolo LU and Wadhwani, Rahul (2017) Fire Safety 2017 p.119-134
Abstract
The negative consequences of fires in case of evacuation in wildland-urban interfaces (WUI) are a global issue that affect many communities around the world. To date, there is a lack of a comprehensive tool able to aid decision making in case of WUI fire evacuation. To address this issue, this paper presents a design specification for a simulation system for the quantification of evacuation performance in case of Wildland-Urban Interface fire incidents. This includes three main modelling components, namely 1) fire spread, 2) pedestrian movement and 3) traffic. To date, the development and use of modelling tools for disaster assessment have mostly been performed in isolation (i.e., with limited coupling between fire models, pedestrian... (More)
The negative consequences of fires in case of evacuation in wildland-urban interfaces (WUI) are a global issue that affect many communities around the world. To date, there is a lack of a comprehensive tool able to aid decision making in case of WUI fire evacuation. To address this issue, this paper presents a design specification for a simulation system for the quantification of evacuation performance in case of Wildland-Urban Interface fire incidents. This includes three main modelling components, namely 1) fire spread, 2) pedestrian movement and 3) traffic. To date, the development and use of modelling tools for disaster assessment have mostly been performed in isolation (i.e., with limited coupling between fire models, pedestrian models and traffic models). This paper presents the results of the review of these three core modelling components and the requirements for their integration into an integrated toolkit. A systematic approach for the review has been developed and applied with the goal of identifying the key features needed for the integration. This framework aims at assessing evacuation performance for both evacuation planning as well as decision support applications. Such a framework might be used to predict how the evacuation develops based on different fire conditions and according to different evacuation decisions. This paper presents some of the key findings of the modelling framework specification, namely: 1) the level of granularity of each type of model in relation to the scenario (i.e. spatial and temporal scale) and their applications (for all layers under consideration) and 2) the required data exchange among different models. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to conference
publication status
published
subject
keywords
wildfire, wildland-urban interface, evacuation, modelling, simulation
pages
15 pages
conference name
Fire Safety 2017
conference location
Cantabria, Spain
conference dates
2017-10-20 - 2017-10-21
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1840add0-243c-40b1-a60c-e7f7e2be3b51
date added to LUP
2017-11-01 09:37:05
date last changed
2018-11-21 21:35:46
@misc{1840add0-243c-40b1-a60c-e7f7e2be3b51,
  abstract     = {The negative consequences of fires in case of evacuation in wildland-urban interfaces (WUI) are a global issue that affect many communities around the world. To date, there is a lack of a comprehensive tool able to aid decision making in case of WUI fire evacuation. To address this issue, this paper presents a design specification for a simulation system for the quantification of evacuation performance in case of Wildland-Urban Interface fire incidents. This includes three main modelling components, namely 1) fire spread, 2) pedestrian movement and 3) traffic. To date, the development and use of modelling tools for disaster assessment have mostly been performed in isolation (i.e., with limited coupling between fire models, pedestrian models and traffic models). This paper presents the results of the review of these three core modelling components and the requirements for their integration into an integrated toolkit. A systematic approach for the review has been developed and applied with the goal of identifying the key features needed for the integration. This framework aims at assessing evacuation performance for both evacuation planning as well as decision support applications. Such a framework might be used to predict how the evacuation develops based on different fire conditions and according to different evacuation decisions. This paper presents some of the key findings of the modelling framework specification, namely: 1) the level of granularity of each type of model in relation to the scenario (i.e. spatial and temporal scale) and their applications (for all layers under consideration) and 2) the required data exchange among different models.},
  author       = {Ronchi, Enrico and Rein, Guillermo and Gwynne, Steve M. V. and Intini, Paolo and Wadhwani, Rahul},
  keyword      = {wildfire,wildland-urban interface,evacuation,modelling,simulation},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Cantabria, Spain},
  month        = {10},
  pages        = {119--134},
  title        = {Framework for an integrated simulation system for Wildland-Urban Interface fire evacuation},
  year         = {2017},
}