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Use Of Case Studies To Determine Technical Deficiencies With Respect To Fire Spread In School Buildings

Van Hees, Patrick LU and Johansson, Nils LU (2010) International conference on Fire Science and Engineering Interflam 2010 In International Interflam Conference 2. p.1811-1816
Abstract
Almost every day between one and two school fires occur in Sweden. In most cases arson is the cause of the fire. The losses for these arson fires are considerable. A multidisciplinary research project has been launched in Sweden with the long-term goal to reduce these arson trends. As a part of this project a smaller project has been conducted where cases studies of arson fires in schools have been preformed to identify technical deficiencies and suggest solutions to mitigate the consequences of arson fires. Some of the deficiencies resulting from the study are lack of detection systems and automatic alarm systems, bad construction of roof and voids and insufficient fire barriers. Solutions for these deficiencies can be automatic alarm... (More)
Almost every day between one and two school fires occur in Sweden. In most cases arson is the cause of the fire. The losses for these arson fires are considerable. A multidisciplinary research project has been launched in Sweden with the long-term goal to reduce these arson trends. As a part of this project a smaller project has been conducted where cases studies of arson fires in schools have been preformed to identify technical deficiencies and suggest solutions to mitigate the consequences of arson fires. Some of the deficiencies resulting from the study are lack of detection systems and automatic alarm systems, bad construction of roof and voids and insufficient fire barriers. Solutions for these deficiencies can be automatic alarm systems with efficient location of different type of detectors, good illumination, surveillance cameras and sprinklers. The areas which need innovations are fire protection system for roof eaves nearby the connection between facades and roofs, sprinklers and rescues tactics for voids. Three possible fire scenarios were identified as important. These scenarios are important for the further development of technical solutions in the next project. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
School fires, arson, case studies, technical systems, detection systems
in
International Interflam Conference
volume
2
pages
6 pages
publisher
Interscience Communications
conference name
International conference on Fire Science and Engineering Interflam 2010
ISBN
978-0-9556548-7-9
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
fcc6302c-08eb-4a8c-8acd-326eb333f275 (old id 1852291)
date added to LUP
2011-03-14 10:35:42
date last changed
2016-07-11 15:27:12
@inproceedings{fcc6302c-08eb-4a8c-8acd-326eb333f275,
  abstract     = {Almost every day between one and two school fires occur in Sweden. In most cases arson is the cause of the fire. The losses for these arson fires are considerable. A multidisciplinary research project has been launched in Sweden with the long-term goal to reduce these arson trends. As a part of this project a smaller project has been conducted where cases studies of arson fires in schools have been preformed to identify technical deficiencies and suggest solutions to mitigate the consequences of arson fires. Some of the deficiencies resulting from the study are lack of detection systems and automatic alarm systems, bad construction of roof and voids and insufficient fire barriers. Solutions for these deficiencies can be automatic alarm systems with efficient location of different type of detectors, good illumination, surveillance cameras and sprinklers. The areas which need innovations are fire protection system for roof eaves nearby the connection between facades and roofs, sprinklers and rescues tactics for voids. Three possible fire scenarios were identified as important. These scenarios are important for the further development of technical solutions in the next project.},
  author       = {Van Hees, Patrick and Johansson, Nils},
  booktitle    = {International Interflam Conference},
  isbn         = {978-0-9556548-7-9},
  keyword      = {School fires,arson,case studies,technical systems,detection systems},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {1811--1816},
  publisher    = {Interscience Communications},
  title        = {Use Of Case Studies To Determine Technical Deficiencies With Respect To Fire Spread In School Buildings},
  volume       = {2},
  year         = {2010},
}