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Polychaete palaeoecology in an early Late Ordovician marine astrobleme of Sweden

Eriksson, Mats LU and Frisk, Asa M. (2011) In Geological Magazine 148(2). p.269-287
Abstract
The post-impact Dalby Limestone (Kulcruse; Upper Ordovician) of the Tvaren crater, southeastern Sweden, has been analysed with regards to polychaetes, as represented by scolecodonts. A palaeoecological succession is observed in the Tvaren-2 drill core sequence, as the vacant ecospace was successively filled by a range of benthonic, nektonic and planktonic organisms. Scolecodonts belong to the first non-planktonic groups to appear and constitute one of the most abundant fossil elements. The polychacte assemblage recorded has an overall composition characteristic of that of the Upper Ordovician of Baltoscandia. Oenonites, Vistulella, Mochtyella and the enigmatic 'Xanioprion' represent the most common genera, whereas Pteropelta,... (More)
The post-impact Dalby Limestone (Kulcruse; Upper Ordovician) of the Tvaren crater, southeastern Sweden, has been analysed with regards to polychaetes, as represented by scolecodonts. A palaeoecological succession is observed in the Tvaren-2 drill core sequence, as the vacant ecospace was successively filled by a range of benthonic, nektonic and planktonic organisms. Scolecodonts belong to the first non-planktonic groups to appear and constitute one of the most abundant fossil elements. The polychacte assemblage recorded has an overall composition characteristic of that of the Upper Ordovician of Baltoscandia. Oenonites, Vistulella, Mochtyella and the enigmatic 'Xanioprion' represent the most common genera, whereas Pteropelta, Protarabellites?, Atraktoprion and Xanioprion are considerably more rare. The assemblage differs from coeval ones particularly in its poorly represented ramphoprionid fauna and the relatively high frequency of 'Xanioprion'. A taxonomic succession and changes in abundance and relative frequency of different taxa is observed from the deepest part of the crater and upwards towards more shallow water environments. The initial post-impact assemblage does not, however, necessarily represent a benthonic colonization of the crater floor. Instead it seems to be a taphocoenosis, as indicated by its taxonomic correspondence to the rim facies fauna recovered from Dalby Limestone erratics of the Ringson island. The Tvaren succession has yielded considerably richer scolecodont assemblages than hitherto recorded from the approximately coeval Lockne crater, possibly as a consequence of shallower water settings in the former area. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
palaeoecology, scolecodonts, polychaetes, impacts, Kukruse, Upper, Ordovician, Tvaren Bay, Sweden
in
Geological Magazine
volume
148
issue
2
pages
269 - 287
publisher
Cambridge University Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000287561200006
  • scopus:79951768029
ISSN
0016-7568
DOI
10.1017/S0016756810000579
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5b5a0c9d-adb3-4478-9722-c03b3b4d5588 (old id 1872914)
date added to LUP
2011-04-18 10:57:28
date last changed
2017-01-01 03:37:59
@article{5b5a0c9d-adb3-4478-9722-c03b3b4d5588,
  abstract     = {The post-impact Dalby Limestone (Kulcruse; Upper Ordovician) of the Tvaren crater, southeastern Sweden, has been analysed with regards to polychaetes, as represented by scolecodonts. A palaeoecological succession is observed in the Tvaren-2 drill core sequence, as the vacant ecospace was successively filled by a range of benthonic, nektonic and planktonic organisms. Scolecodonts belong to the first non-planktonic groups to appear and constitute one of the most abundant fossil elements. The polychacte assemblage recorded has an overall composition characteristic of that of the Upper Ordovician of Baltoscandia. Oenonites, Vistulella, Mochtyella and the enigmatic 'Xanioprion' represent the most common genera, whereas Pteropelta, Protarabellites?, Atraktoprion and Xanioprion are considerably more rare. The assemblage differs from coeval ones particularly in its poorly represented ramphoprionid fauna and the relatively high frequency of 'Xanioprion'. A taxonomic succession and changes in abundance and relative frequency of different taxa is observed from the deepest part of the crater and upwards towards more shallow water environments. The initial post-impact assemblage does not, however, necessarily represent a benthonic colonization of the crater floor. Instead it seems to be a taphocoenosis, as indicated by its taxonomic correspondence to the rim facies fauna recovered from Dalby Limestone erratics of the Ringson island. The Tvaren succession has yielded considerably richer scolecodont assemblages than hitherto recorded from the approximately coeval Lockne crater, possibly as a consequence of shallower water settings in the former area.},
  author       = {Eriksson, Mats and Frisk, Asa M.},
  issn         = {0016-7568},
  keyword      = {palaeoecology,scolecodonts,polychaetes,impacts,Kukruse,Upper,Ordovician,Tvaren Bay,Sweden},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {269--287},
  publisher    = {Cambridge University Press},
  series       = {Geological Magazine},
  title        = {Polychaete palaeoecology in an early Late Ordovician marine astrobleme of Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0016756810000579},
  volume       = {148},
  year         = {2011},
}