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High incidence of childhood type 1 diabetes in Al-Madinah, North West Saudi Arabia (2004-2009).

Habeb, Abdelhadi M; Al-Magamsi, Mohamed Sf; Halabi, Sabah; Eid, Ihsan M; Shalaby, Sheren and Bakoush, Omran LU (2011) In Pediatric Diabetes 12. p.676-681
Abstract
Habeb AM, Al-Magamsi MSF, Halabi S, Eid IM, Shalaby S, Bakoush O. High incidence of childhood type 1 diabetes in Al-Madinah, North West Saudi Arabia (2004-2009). Background: There is a geographical variation in the incidence of childhood type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) with a steady increase reported from some countries. However, data on the incidence of childhood T1DM in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia are limited. Objective: To identify the incidence rate (IR) and epidemiological trends of childhood T1DM in the largest city of northwest Saudi Arabia. Methods: All patients with newly diagnosed T1DM aged 0-12 yr living in the city between 2004 and 2009 were identified from different sources. The data were analyzed according to age, sex, and month... (More)
Habeb AM, Al-Magamsi MSF, Halabi S, Eid IM, Shalaby S, Bakoush O. High incidence of childhood type 1 diabetes in Al-Madinah, North West Saudi Arabia (2004-2009). Background: There is a geographical variation in the incidence of childhood type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) with a steady increase reported from some countries. However, data on the incidence of childhood T1DM in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia are limited. Objective: To identify the incidence rate (IR) and epidemiological trends of childhood T1DM in the largest city of northwest Saudi Arabia. Methods: All patients with newly diagnosed T1DM aged 0-12 yr living in the city between 2004 and 2009 were identified from different sources. The data were analyzed according to age, sex, and month of presentation. Results: In total, 419 patients (249 girls) were diagnosed between 2004 and 2009 inclusive. The mean age at diagnosis was 6.9 ± 3.5 yr. The mean annual age-standardized IR was 29.0 (95% confidence interval 26.0-32.0). The incidence was significantly higher in the 10-12-yr age group than in younger children (p < 0.001) and higher in girls than in boys (33.0 vs. 22.2 per 100 000; p < 0.001). There was no significant increase in the annual incidence during the 6-yr period (p = 0.68) and more cases were diagnosed during autumn and winter months (p = 0.002). Conclusions: Al-Madinah city has the highest reported incidence of childhood T1DM in the Middle East and North Africa region. Further studies to identify the reasons for this high incidence are needed. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Pediatric Diabetes
volume
12
pages
676 - 681
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000298170000002
  • pmid:21418457
  • scopus:80052292066
ISSN
1399-543X
DOI
10.1111/j.1399-5448.2011.00765.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b1ac3c19-8f25-4d45-9b91-4d66f107b7e0 (old id 1883748)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21418457?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2011-04-01 17:05:56
date last changed
2017-11-05 04:43:13
@article{b1ac3c19-8f25-4d45-9b91-4d66f107b7e0,
  abstract     = {Habeb AM, Al-Magamsi MSF, Halabi S, Eid IM, Shalaby S, Bakoush O. High incidence of childhood type 1 diabetes in Al-Madinah, North West Saudi Arabia (2004-2009). Background: There is a geographical variation in the incidence of childhood type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) with a steady increase reported from some countries. However, data on the incidence of childhood T1DM in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia are limited. Objective: To identify the incidence rate (IR) and epidemiological trends of childhood T1DM in the largest city of northwest Saudi Arabia. Methods: All patients with newly diagnosed T1DM aged 0-12 yr living in the city between 2004 and 2009 were identified from different sources. The data were analyzed according to age, sex, and month of presentation. Results: In total, 419 patients (249 girls) were diagnosed between 2004 and 2009 inclusive. The mean age at diagnosis was 6.9 ± 3.5 yr. The mean annual age-standardized IR was 29.0 (95% confidence interval 26.0-32.0). The incidence was significantly higher in the 10-12-yr age group than in younger children (p &lt; 0.001) and higher in girls than in boys (33.0 vs. 22.2 per 100 000; p &lt; 0.001). There was no significant increase in the annual incidence during the 6-yr period (p = 0.68) and more cases were diagnosed during autumn and winter months (p = 0.002). Conclusions: Al-Madinah city has the highest reported incidence of childhood T1DM in the Middle East and North Africa region. Further studies to identify the reasons for this high incidence are needed.},
  author       = {Habeb, Abdelhadi M and Al-Magamsi, Mohamed Sf and Halabi, Sabah and Eid, Ihsan M and Shalaby, Sheren and Bakoush, Omran},
  issn         = {1399-543X},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {676--681},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Pediatric Diabetes},
  title        = {High incidence of childhood type 1 diabetes in Al-Madinah, North West Saudi Arabia (2004-2009).},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-5448.2011.00765.x},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2011},
}