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`Tenants of the State': The Limitations of Revolutionary Agrarian Transformation in Ethiopia, 1974-1991

Kebede, Teketel Abebe LU (1998) In Lund dissertations in sociology 24.
Abstract
This study is about the agrarian reforms and policies of the military regime in Ethiopia in the period of its rule between 1974 and 1991. It is a descriptive and qualitative study of a set of agrarian policies which seeks to establish both the unrealized potential of the early and baisc reforms such as the 1975 Land Reform and Peasant Associations and the limitations of subsquent policies of collectivization, compulsory villagization, resettlement and centralized command procurement. An empirical case study of the effects of one of the policies, namely the villagization program is undertaken. The study seeks to place the description and analysis of the agrarian policies into a number of relevant contexts. First, an attempt was made to... (More)
This study is about the agrarian reforms and policies of the military regime in Ethiopia in the period of its rule between 1974 and 1991. It is a descriptive and qualitative study of a set of agrarian policies which seeks to establish both the unrealized potential of the early and baisc reforms such as the 1975 Land Reform and Peasant Associations and the limitations of subsquent policies of collectivization, compulsory villagization, resettlement and centralized command procurement. An empirical case study of the effects of one of the policies, namely the villagization program is undertaken. The study seeks to place the description and analysis of the agrarian policies into a number of relevant contexts. First, an attempt was made to relate the discussion to questions of forms of peasant cooperation and state policy disincentive ont the one hand and the exigencies of prolonged war and rural conflict on agrarian policies on the other. Secondly, agarain policies are placed in theoretical framework through discussions of various perspectives and debates on subjects such as agarian transformation (socialist and capitalist), peasantry, state agrarian intervention and state-peasant relations. Thirdly, the study attempts to situate the analysis of the agaraian policies in relevant historical and politico-ideological contexts through a more or less detailed presentation of agrarian relations in Ethiopia before 1974 and the 1974 Ethiopian popular movement and analyze how these backgraound conditions influenced the nature and outcomes of the agarian policies of the military regime. The potentials and limitations of the agrarian policies of the regime are assessed in relation to the myth and reality of agrarian transition/transformation in Ethiopia in the period under consideration, the problems of rural institutions and state-peasant relations and the scholarly quest for comprehensive explanations of the Ethiopian experience in agarian policies. Finally, based on the Ethiopian experience the study raises issues such as forms of peasaqnt organization, organization of agricultural production and above all problems of state-peasant relations as major problem areas for future research both for equitable and broad-based agricultural growth as well as for peasant emancipation and participation which had been the promises of the 1974 popular movement but whose potentials failed to be realized to the fullest extent possible. (Less)
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author
opponent
  • Associate professor Beckman, Björn
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Sociology, villagization, agarian transformation, agrarian reform, agrarian policy, Ethiopia, Sociologi, peasants, state-peasant relations
in
Lund dissertations in sociology
volume
24
pages
363 pages
publisher
Department of Sociology, Lund University
defense location
Edens hörsal, Paradisgatan 5H, Lund
defense date
1998-06-04 10:15
external identifiers
  • other:ISRN: LUSAGD/SASO--98/1118--SE
ISSN
1102-4712
ISBN
91-89078-38-1
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0955363b-f8a5-4935-aa6c-f476bd6b401d (old id 18861)
date added to LUP
2007-05-24 15:56:25
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:57
@phdthesis{0955363b-f8a5-4935-aa6c-f476bd6b401d,
  abstract     = {This study is about the agrarian reforms and policies of the military regime in Ethiopia in the period of its rule between 1974 and 1991. It is a descriptive and qualitative study of a set of agrarian policies which seeks to establish both the unrealized potential of the early and baisc reforms such as the 1975 Land Reform and Peasant Associations and the limitations of subsquent policies of collectivization, compulsory villagization, resettlement and centralized command procurement. An empirical case study of the effects of one of the policies, namely the villagization program is undertaken. The study seeks to place the description and analysis of the agrarian policies into a number of relevant contexts. First, an attempt was made to relate the discussion to questions of forms of peasant cooperation and state policy disincentive ont the one hand and the exigencies of prolonged war and rural conflict on agrarian policies on the other. Secondly, agarain policies are placed in theoretical framework through discussions of various perspectives and debates on subjects such as agarian transformation (socialist and capitalist), peasantry, state agrarian intervention and state-peasant relations. Thirdly, the study attempts to situate the analysis of the agaraian policies in relevant historical and politico-ideological contexts through a more or less detailed presentation of agrarian relations in Ethiopia before 1974 and the 1974 Ethiopian popular movement and analyze how these backgraound conditions influenced the nature and outcomes of the agarian policies of the military regime. The potentials and limitations of the agrarian policies of the regime are assessed in relation to the myth and reality of agrarian transition/transformation in Ethiopia in the period under consideration, the problems of rural institutions and state-peasant relations and the scholarly quest for comprehensive explanations of the Ethiopian experience in agarian policies. Finally, based on the Ethiopian experience the study raises issues such as forms of peasaqnt organization, organization of agricultural production and above all problems of state-peasant relations as major problem areas for future research both for equitable and broad-based agricultural growth as well as for peasant emancipation and participation which had been the promises of the 1974 popular movement but whose potentials failed to be realized to the fullest extent possible.},
  author       = {Kebede, Teketel Abebe},
  isbn         = {91-89078-38-1},
  issn         = {1102-4712},
  keyword      = {Sociology,villagization,agarian transformation,agrarian reform,agrarian policy,Ethiopia,Sociologi,peasants,state-peasant relations},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {363},
  publisher    = {Department of Sociology, Lund University},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Lund dissertations in sociology},
  title        = {`Tenants of the State': The Limitations of Revolutionary Agrarian Transformation in Ethiopia, 1974-1991},
  volume       = {24},
  year         = {1998},
}