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The Knowledge Arena. Approaching agroforestry and competing knowledge systems - a challenge for agricultural extension

Hillbur, Per LU (1998)
Abstract
Agriculture in many African countries is characterised by large diversity in production and great variation in growing conditions, irrigation potential and access to markets. This variation has proved to be a difficult matter when adjusting national agricultural policies and development projects to local conditions.



In the face of the recent trend of less support for agricultural extension services, it is argued that local agricultural knowledge, if better integrated in extension activities, will contribute to better planning for sustainable use of natural resources at the local level. New approaches that cope with heterogeneous conditions by acknowledgement of local knowledge systems are therefore an important priority... (More)
Agriculture in many African countries is characterised by large diversity in production and great variation in growing conditions, irrigation potential and access to markets. This variation has proved to be a difficult matter when adjusting national agricultural policies and development projects to local conditions.



In the face of the recent trend of less support for agricultural extension services, it is argued that local agricultural knowledge, if better integrated in extension activities, will contribute to better planning for sustainable use of natural resources at the local level. New approaches that cope with heterogeneous conditions by acknowledgement of local knowledge systems are therefore an important priority for future agricultural development. The research approach developed in this study – the knowledge arena – challenges uni-directional extension approaches based on diffusion theory by arguing for pluralism and contextualisation of a spatially defined arena. This perspective is made operational by identifying processes of competition and complementarity in the local context.



The approach is tried out in three rural villages in Babati District, Tanzania, by recording and analysing spatial patterns of knowledge production and social organisation. The knowledge arena approach suggests that while the visible features of the agricultural landscape help in understanding the conditions for and effects of different production strategies, alteration of strategies – to do something about occurring problems - will depend on the interpretation of different knowledge systems and their spatial organisation. (Less)
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author
opponent
  • Associate Professor Carlstein, Tommy, Dept. of Sociology, Sociology of Law, Lund University
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Tanzania, coevolution, arena perspective, agroforestry, natural resource management, agricultural extension, knowledge systems, Social geography, Socialgeografi
pages
198 pages
publisher
Department of Social and Economic Geography, Lund University
defense location
Föreläsningssalen, Sölvegatan 13, 3rd floor, Lund University
defense date
1998-10-09 10:15
external identifiers
  • scopus:0032419223
ISSN
0346-6787
ISBN
91-7966-541-1
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
732f6f88-31fd-420e-b61c-c27b991b2bda (old id 18947)
date added to LUP
2007-05-25 11:07:48
date last changed
2017-08-27 05:13:45
@phdthesis{732f6f88-31fd-420e-b61c-c27b991b2bda,
  abstract     = {Agriculture in many African countries is characterised by large diversity in production and great variation in growing conditions, irrigation potential and access to markets. This variation has proved to be a difficult matter when adjusting national agricultural policies and development projects to local conditions.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
In the face of the recent trend of less support for agricultural extension services, it is argued that local agricultural knowledge, if better integrated in extension activities, will contribute to better planning for sustainable use of natural resources at the local level. New approaches that cope with heterogeneous conditions by acknowledgement of local knowledge systems are therefore an important priority for future agricultural development. The research approach developed in this study – the knowledge arena – challenges uni-directional extension approaches based on diffusion theory by arguing for pluralism and contextualisation of a spatially defined arena. This perspective is made operational by identifying processes of competition and complementarity in the local context.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The approach is tried out in three rural villages in Babati District, Tanzania, by recording and analysing spatial patterns of knowledge production and social organisation. The knowledge arena approach suggests that while the visible features of the agricultural landscape help in understanding the conditions for and effects of different production strategies, alteration of strategies – to do something about occurring problems - will depend on the interpretation of different knowledge systems and their spatial organisation.},
  author       = {Hillbur, Per},
  isbn         = {91-7966-541-1},
  issn         = {0346-6787},
  keyword      = {Tanzania,coevolution,arena perspective,agroforestry,natural resource management,agricultural extension,knowledge systems,Social geography,Socialgeografi},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {198},
  publisher    = {Department of Social and Economic Geography, Lund University},
  school       = {Lund University},
  title        = {The Knowledge Arena. Approaching agroforestry and competing knowledge systems - a challenge for agricultural extension},
  year         = {1998},
}