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The Dead Sea Future Elevation

Bashitialshaaer, Raed LU ; Persson, Kenneth M LU and Aljaradin, Mohammad LU (2010) The International Conference on Energy, Water and Environment (ICEWE 2010), Dec. 12-15
Abstract
In this paper water and salt mass balances for the Dead Sea were modeled. Precipitation, evaporation, river discharges, ground water flows, input/output from potash companies and salt production, and brine discharge were included in the models. The mixing time in the Dead Sea was modeled using a single-layer (well-mixed) a two-layer (stratified) system. Using the single-layer approach the water level was predicted to change from 411 m below mean sea level (bmsl) (in 1997) to 391 m and 479 m bmsl (in 2097) based on water mass balances including and excluding brine discharge, respectively, and to reach 402 m and 444 m for the two cases based on a salt mass balance. In the two-layer approach the water level after 100 years was predicted to... (More)
In this paper water and salt mass balances for the Dead Sea were modeled. Precipitation, evaporation, river discharges, ground water flows, input/output from potash companies and salt production, and brine discharge were included in the models. The mixing time in the Dead Sea was modeled using a single-layer (well-mixed) a two-layer (stratified) system. Using the single-layer approach the water level was predicted to change from 411 m below mean sea level (bmsl) (in 1997) to 391 m and 479 m bmsl (in 2097) based on water mass balances including and excluding brine discharge, respectively, and to reach 402 m and 444 m for the two cases based on a salt mass balance. In the two-layer approach the water level after 100 years was predicted to change from 411 m bmsl (1997) to 397 m and 488 m for a water mass balance including and excluding brine discharge, respectively, and to reach 387 m and 425 m for the two cases using a salt mass balance. The water mixing time using the single-layer description increased from 58 to 116 years when excluding brine discharge. Using the two-layer approach the exchange or mixing time increased in both layers, when adding brine discharge to the system, from 1.2 to 1.7 years and 11 to 15.3 years in the upper and lower layers, respectively. Good agreement was found between the models and historical data. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to conference
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Red Sea-Dead Sea Canal (RSDSC), mixing time., Single-Layer and Two-Layer system, Water-Salt balance, Water quality management, Hydrology, Dead Sea (Israel and Jordan), Bahr al Ahmar (Egypt and Sudan), Salt lakes, Döda havet, Röda havet
pages
9 pages
conference name
The International Conference on Energy, Water and Environment (ICEWE 2010), Dec. 12-15
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
25293495-b4ef-4d93-93d7-a492f3f2d83c (old id 1895576)
date added to LUP
2011-04-18 13:54:43
date last changed
2016-10-11 08:23:49
@misc{25293495-b4ef-4d93-93d7-a492f3f2d83c,
  abstract     = {In this paper water and salt mass balances for the Dead Sea were modeled. Precipitation, evaporation, river discharges, ground water flows, input/output from potash companies and salt production, and brine discharge were included in the models. The mixing time in the Dead Sea was modeled using a single-layer (well-mixed) a two-layer (stratified) system. Using the single-layer approach the water level was predicted to change from 411 m below mean sea level (bmsl) (in 1997) to 391 m and 479 m bmsl (in 2097) based on water mass balances including and excluding brine discharge, respectively, and to reach 402 m and 444 m for the two cases based on a salt mass balance. In the two-layer approach the water level after 100 years was predicted to change from 411 m bmsl (1997) to 397 m and 488 m for a water mass balance including and excluding brine discharge, respectively, and to reach 387 m and 425 m for the two cases using a salt mass balance. The water mixing time using the single-layer description increased from 58 to 116 years when excluding brine discharge. Using the two-layer approach the exchange or mixing time increased in both layers, when adding brine discharge to the system, from 1.2 to 1.7 years and 11 to 15.3 years in the upper and lower layers, respectively. Good agreement was found between the models and historical data.},
  author       = {Bashitialshaaer, Raed and Persson, Kenneth M and Aljaradin, Mohammad},
  keyword      = {Red Sea-Dead Sea Canal (RSDSC),mixing time.,Single-Layer and Two-Layer system,Water-Salt balance,Water quality management,Hydrology,Dead Sea (Israel and Jordan),Bahr al Ahmar (Egypt and Sudan),Salt lakes,Döda havet,Röda havet},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {9},
  title        = {The Dead Sea Future Elevation},
  year         = {2010},
}