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Konstruktion av genus i rätten och samhället : en tvärvetenskaplig studie av svenska kvinnors rätt till jämställdhet i ett formellt jämlikt rättssystem

Schömer, Eva LU (1999)
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

I avhandlingen belyses den inneboende konflikt som finns mellan de två snarlika begreppen jämställdhet och jämlikhet. Detta görs genom att fokusera på svenska kvinnors rätt till jämställdhet i ett formellt jämlikt rättssystem ur ett tvärvetenskapligt feministiskt perspektiv. Det betyder att även om jag har tagit min utgångspunkt i den svenska jämställdhetslagen har jag inte gjort en rättsdogmatisk studie i syfte att fastställa gällande rätt. I stället har jag valt att ställa frågan om och i så fall hur och på vilket sätt som det omgivande samhället påverkar såväl den praktiska efterlevnaden vid enskilda arbetsplatser som domstolens tillämpning av lagen. Jag har valt att belysa denna fråga utifrån... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

I avhandlingen belyses den inneboende konflikt som finns mellan de två snarlika begreppen jämställdhet och jämlikhet. Detta görs genom att fokusera på svenska kvinnors rätt till jämställdhet i ett formellt jämlikt rättssystem ur ett tvärvetenskapligt feministiskt perspektiv. Det betyder att även om jag har tagit min utgångspunkt i den svenska jämställdhetslagen har jag inte gjort en rättsdogmatisk studie i syfte att fastställa gällande rätt. I stället har jag valt att ställa frågan om och i så fall hur och på vilket sätt som det omgivande samhället påverkar såväl den praktiska efterlevnaden vid enskilda arbetsplatser som domstolens tillämpning av lagen. Jag har valt att belysa denna fråga utifrån den mer konkreta frågan om det finns sociala normer som konstruerar genus i rätten och samhället. Härvid har jag således belyst både jämställdhetsarbetet vid enskilda arbetsplatser och arbetsdomstolens argumentering i mål om lönediskriminering. (Less)
Abstract
On the first of January 1992 the present Equal Opportunity Act came into force. A central aim of this law is to improve the conditions of women's working life. One aspect of the law is the possibility to serve as a mean of shifting the balance of power between the sexes. This is meant to be achieved through the inclusion of requirements for active measures to promote equality. As a part of their statutory obligations, employers with ten or more employees are to draw up an annual so-called equality plan. Economic independence is one of the most important conditions, which is necessary in order for a person to develop into an equal individual in the society of today. Equal pay for equal work has been raised as a feminist demand ever since... (More)
On the first of January 1992 the present Equal Opportunity Act came into force. A central aim of this law is to improve the conditions of women's working life. One aspect of the law is the possibility to serve as a mean of shifting the balance of power between the sexes. This is meant to be achieved through the inclusion of requirements for active measures to promote equality. As a part of their statutory obligations, employers with ten or more employees are to draw up an annual so-called equality plan. Economic independence is one of the most important conditions, which is necessary in order for a person to develop into an equal individual in the society of today. Equal pay for equal work has been raised as a feminist demand ever since the industrialisation. The demand for equal pay for equal work is not only a feminist issue but also a question that has its roots in the liberal ideology of equality. The central question of the thesis is if there exist social rules that construct gender in the labour market. The question is illustrated from a feminist position and is discussed against the background of employers' active equality work and the Labour Court's judgement of cases concerning pay-discrimination. The starting-point is the paradox of "equal equality"("jämlik jämställdhet"): whilst there is a formal equality between the sexes i.e. they shall be treated equally, there is still the possibility of the law giving preference to one sex at the expense of the other. The thesis is interdisciplinary in its analysis of the Swedish Equal Opportunity Act. Instead of only discussing traditional questions concerning the law, the intention is to find answers to questions of whether the surrounding society affects the actual observation of the Equal Opportunity Act and the Labour court's application of the same law. If that is the case how does this occurs. The intention is thus to bring together two fields, which have been divided for long, that is the study of law and the study of society. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • Bruun, Niklas, Svenska Handelshögskolan, Helsingfors, Finland
organization
alternative title
Construction of gender in law and society - Swedish women's right to equality in a formal equal society
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
construction of gender in law and society, Gender, equality between men and women, equal rights, equal pay, Equal Opportunity Act, labour law, affirmative action, law and society, feminism, feminist legal theory and women's rights, Arbetsrätt
pages
392 pages
publisher
Iustus förlag
defense location
Kulturens hörsal
defense date
1999-10-11 10:15
ISBN
91-7678-424-X
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
1678a3fb-f394-4b96-bf29-0051b105ce9a (old id 19023)
date added to LUP
2007-05-25 07:37:21
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:12
@phdthesis{1678a3fb-f394-4b96-bf29-0051b105ce9a,
  abstract     = {On the first of January 1992 the present Equal Opportunity Act came into force. A central aim of this law is to improve the conditions of women's working life. One aspect of the law is the possibility to serve as a mean of shifting the balance of power between the sexes. This is meant to be achieved through the inclusion of requirements for active measures to promote equality. As a part of their statutory obligations, employers with ten or more employees are to draw up an annual so-called equality plan. Economic independence is one of the most important conditions, which is necessary in order for a person to develop into an equal individual in the society of today. Equal pay for equal work has been raised as a feminist demand ever since the industrialisation. The demand for equal pay for equal work is not only a feminist issue but also a question that has its roots in the liberal ideology of equality. The central question of the thesis is if there exist social rules that construct gender in the labour market. The question is illustrated from a feminist position and is discussed against the background of employers' active equality work and the Labour Court's judgement of cases concerning pay-discrimination. The starting-point is the paradox of "equal equality"("jämlik jämställdhet"): whilst there is a formal equality between the sexes i.e. they shall be treated equally, there is still the possibility of the law giving preference to one sex at the expense of the other. The thesis is interdisciplinary in its analysis of the Swedish Equal Opportunity Act. Instead of only discussing traditional questions concerning the law, the intention is to find answers to questions of whether the surrounding society affects the actual observation of the Equal Opportunity Act and the Labour court's application of the same law. If that is the case how does this occurs. The intention is thus to bring together two fields, which have been divided for long, that is the study of law and the study of society.},
  author       = {Schömer, Eva},
  isbn         = {91-7678-424-X},
  keyword      = {construction of gender in law and society,Gender,equality between men and women,equal rights,equal pay,Equal Opportunity Act,labour law,affirmative action,law and society,feminism,feminist legal theory and women's rights,Arbetsrätt},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {392},
  publisher    = {Iustus förlag},
  school       = {Lund University},
  title        = {Konstruktion av genus i rätten och samhället : en tvärvetenskaplig studie av svenska kvinnors rätt till jämställdhet i ett formellt jämlikt rättssystem},
  year         = {1999},
}