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Bebyggelsens mångfald. En studie av södra Hallands järnåldersgårdar baserad på arkeologiska och historiska källor

Carlie, Lennart LU (1999) In Hallands länsmuseers skriftserie 10.
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Den centrala punkten i avhandlingen är det faktum att redan under järnåldern har det varit möjligt att urskilja olika lokala särdrag i ett arkeologiskt material. För såväl gravar som hus har man varit noga med att följa det egna närområdets traditioner. Erfarenheterna från Halland visar att trots likartad ekonomi har husen men också det synliga gravskicket varierat betydligt bara med någon mils avstånd. En företeelse som livligt diskuterats inom den arkeologiska forskningen är huruvida boskapen har varit stallade under järnåldern. Flera forskare menar att så varit fallet men mina egna iakttagelser visar att husen under järnåldern varit alltför små för att rymma såväl boskap som allt det foder som... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Den centrala punkten i avhandlingen är det faktum att redan under järnåldern har det varit möjligt att urskilja olika lokala särdrag i ett arkeologiskt material. För såväl gravar som hus har man varit noga med att följa det egna närområdets traditioner. Erfarenheterna från Halland visar att trots likartad ekonomi har husen men också det synliga gravskicket varierat betydligt bara med någon mils avstånd. En företeelse som livligt diskuterats inom den arkeologiska forskningen är huruvida boskapen har varit stallade under järnåldern. Flera forskare menar att så varit fallet men mina egna iakttagelser visar att husen under järnåldern varit alltför små för att rymma såväl boskap som allt det foder som erfordras. Även befolkningsunderlaget har varit alltför begränsat för att kunna genomföra de sysslor som är förknippade med vinterförvaring av djur. (Less)
Abstract
The aim of the dissertation is to elucidate Iron Age settlement in southern Halland from two angles: (1) the evidence of antiquities (graves), ground finds of metal and rock, and place-names; (2) the information conveyed by investigations in settlement archaeology. The combined study of graves, ground finds, and place-names shows that the image of southern Halland in the Iron Age differs depending on which category is analysed. Stray finds and early place-names are mainly associated with the coastal area, whereas the interior of the county is not represented. The picture changes, however, when the graves are incorporated in the analysis. Although a large proportion of the graves occur within the low-lying coastal region, the distribution... (More)
The aim of the dissertation is to elucidate Iron Age settlement in southern Halland from two angles: (1) the evidence of antiquities (graves), ground finds of metal and rock, and place-names; (2) the information conveyed by investigations in settlement archaeology. The combined study of graves, ground finds, and place-names shows that the image of southern Halland in the Iron Age differs depending on which category is analysed. Stray finds and early place-names are mainly associated with the coastal area, whereas the interior of the county is not represented. The picture changes, however, when the graves are incorporated in the analysis. Although a large proportion of the graves occur within the low-lying coastal region, the distribution shows that the interior was also colonized during the Iron Age, above all the districts around Lake Bolmen, but also along the valleys of the Nissan and the Ätran. There are numerous remains of settlement, but here too there is a concentration in the western parts of southern Halland. However, the likely reason is that this is the area where modern development has occasioned most archaeological work. House remains have been found at almost thirty places. The settlement sites comprise everything from a single house to more than thirty buildings. A comparison between the different sites reveals varied building practices. The variations can be observed as early as the Pre-Roman Iron Age settlements, when house types separated by only a few kilometres can differ. The same tendency also exists in subsequent periods, and it is not possible to single out any house type as being typical of its period for the region as a whole. It is rather the case that the individual settlement sites have their characteristic buildings which may also differ from the buildings at nearby settlements. Through historical analogies it has been observed that the traditional Iron Age farm was too small to be able to hold the numbers of livestock discussed in the archaeological literature and the fodder required for these animals. The optimization that is often suggested would require much larger farms with extensive storage space. The absence of visible stall partitions in the byres rather suggests a form of animal husbandry with the animals kept out in the open and only exceptionally housed. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • FD Säfvestad, Ulf, Riksantikvarieämbetet, UV Syd, Lund
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
local variation., agrarian economy, settlement structure, byres, houses, farms, graves, Halland, Iron age, Archaeology, Arkeologi
in
Hallands länsmuseers skriftserie
volume
10
pages
167 pages
publisher
Almqvist & Wiksell International
defense location
Carolinasalen
defense date
1999-11-26 10:15
external identifiers
  • other:ISRN: LUHFDA/HFAR--99/1037---SE+167
ISSN
0282-4922
ISBN
91-22-01853-0
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
299f6ded-55b9-4f85-9357-92f0f3c7fdc4 (old id 19196)
date added to LUP
2007-05-25 12:07:05
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:59
@phdthesis{299f6ded-55b9-4f85-9357-92f0f3c7fdc4,
  abstract     = {The aim of the dissertation is to elucidate Iron Age settlement in southern Halland from two angles: (1) the evidence of antiquities (graves), ground finds of metal and rock, and place-names; (2) the information conveyed by investigations in settlement archaeology. The combined study of graves, ground finds, and place-names shows that the image of southern Halland in the Iron Age differs depending on which category is analysed. Stray finds and early place-names are mainly associated with the coastal area, whereas the interior of the county is not represented. The picture changes, however, when the graves are incorporated in the analysis. Although a large proportion of the graves occur within the low-lying coastal region, the distribution shows that the interior was also colonized during the Iron Age, above all the districts around Lake Bolmen, but also along the valleys of the Nissan and the Ätran. There are numerous remains of settlement, but here too there is a concentration in the western parts of southern Halland. However, the likely reason is that this is the area where modern development has occasioned most archaeological work. House remains have been found at almost thirty places. The settlement sites comprise everything from a single house to more than thirty buildings. A comparison between the different sites reveals varied building practices. The variations can be observed as early as the Pre-Roman Iron Age settlements, when house types separated by only a few kilometres can differ. The same tendency also exists in subsequent periods, and it is not possible to single out any house type as being typical of its period for the region as a whole. It is rather the case that the individual settlement sites have their characteristic buildings which may also differ from the buildings at nearby settlements. Through historical analogies it has been observed that the traditional Iron Age farm was too small to be able to hold the numbers of livestock discussed in the archaeological literature and the fodder required for these animals. The optimization that is often suggested would require much larger farms with extensive storage space. The absence of visible stall partitions in the byres rather suggests a form of animal husbandry with the animals kept out in the open and only exceptionally housed.},
  author       = {Carlie, Lennart},
  isbn         = {91-22-01853-0},
  issn         = {0282-4922},
  keyword      = {local variation.,agrarian economy,settlement structure,byres,houses,farms,graves,Halland,Iron age,Archaeology,Arkeologi},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {167},
  publisher    = {Almqvist & Wiksell International},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Hallands länsmuseers skriftserie},
  title        = {Bebyggelsens mångfald. En studie av södra Hallands järnåldersgårdar baserad på arkeologiska och historiska källor},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {1999},
}