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Reformationens huvudfrågor och arvet från Augustinus. En studie i Martin Chemnitz' Augustinusreception

Johansson, Torbjörn LU (1999) In Reformationens huvudfrågor och arvet från Augustinus
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Reformationens budskap brukar karakteriseras med hjälp av några "allena": Kristus allena, tron allena, nåden allena och Skriften allena. I denna studie undersöks hur Martin Chemnitz (1522-86) behandlar dessa teman och hur han sätter dem i relation till Augustinus teologi. Martin Chemnitz var en av de mest framstående evangeliska teologerna i generationen efter Martin Luther och Philipp Melanchthon. Den "andre Martin" var verksam i den epok som benämns "senreformationen", och hans skrifter är troligen den viktigaste länken mellan reformationen och den lutherska ortodoxin. Mest känd är han såsom en av medförfattarna till Konkordieformeln, en av Svenska kyrkans bekännelseskrifter.

... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Reformationens budskap brukar karakteriseras med hjälp av några "allena": Kristus allena, tron allena, nåden allena och Skriften allena. I denna studie undersöks hur Martin Chemnitz (1522-86) behandlar dessa teman och hur han sätter dem i relation till Augustinus teologi. Martin Chemnitz var en av de mest framstående evangeliska teologerna i generationen efter Martin Luther och Philipp Melanchthon. Den "andre Martin" var verksam i den epok som benämns "senreformationen", och hans skrifter är troligen den viktigaste länken mellan reformationen och den lutherska ortodoxin. Mest känd är han såsom en av medförfattarna till Konkordieformeln, en av Svenska kyrkans bekännelseskrifter.



I Chemnitz läroskrifter möter ett stort antal citat från kyrkofäderna. Augustinus är den bland fäderna som citeras flest gånger. I undersökningen behandlas två huvudfrågor:



1. Vilken funktion har Augustinuscitaten i Chemnitz argumentation? Om Skriften är enda regel och norm i alla lärofrågor – varför då arbeta med kyrkofädernas skrifter? Här behandlas Chemnitz principiella syn på förhållandet mellan Skrift och tradition.



2. Vilken tolkning av Augustinus gör Chemnitz i de för reformationen avgörande frågorna om fri vilja och rättfärdiggörelse? Som en del av undersökningen prövas Chemnitz Augustinustolkning utifrån de skrifter han anför.



Genomgående läggs vikt vid att redovisa vilka argument från Skriften som Chemnitz använder sig av i de olika teologiska frågorna. (Less)
Abstract
As a co-author of the Formula of Concord, Martin Chemnitz (1522-86) codified the sola scriptura principle of the Reformation, that the prophetic and apostolic Scriptures are the only rule for all Church doctrine. This principle is clearly expressed in Chemnitz' own theological treatises as well, but in his argumentation one is also confronted with an astonishing number of quotations from the Church Fathers. According to Chemnitz, Augustine is the most prominent among the Fathers. In this thesis the following two questions are treated:



1. What is the function of the quotations from Augustine in Chemnitz' theology? Chemnitz stresses the sola scriptura principle while simultaneously emphasizing the importance of the study... (More)
As a co-author of the Formula of Concord, Martin Chemnitz (1522-86) codified the sola scriptura principle of the Reformation, that the prophetic and apostolic Scriptures are the only rule for all Church doctrine. This principle is clearly expressed in Chemnitz' own theological treatises as well, but in his argumentation one is also confronted with an astonishing number of quotations from the Church Fathers. According to Chemnitz, Augustine is the most prominent among the Fathers. In this thesis the following two questions are treated:



1. What is the function of the quotations from Augustine in Chemnitz' theology? Chemnitz stresses the sola scriptura principle while simultaneously emphasizing the importance of the study of the early tradition, i.e. the writings of the Church Fathers. Here is examined what Chemnitz in principle taught about the relationship between Scripture and tradition, a topic he treats exhaustively. What Chemnitz' sola scriptura principle means and how he argues for it are clarified. The tradition has many functions in the theology of Chemnitz, and is not just a polemical tool. However, none of these functions owerthrow his sola scriptura principle.



2. How does Chemnitz interpret Augustine? The present study is confined to the doctrine of justification, the most important article of the Reformation, and the doctrine of free will, an article indissolubly joined with the doctrine of justification. In the treatment of these doctrines, Chemnitz often relates his own standpoint to Augustine's. In this study Chemnitz' doctrinal teaching, his interpretation of Augustine, and their interrelationship are explored. As part of the clarification of his use of the Church Father, Chemnitz' interpretation is evaluated in the light of Augustine's own writings. The analysis of the Augustine-reception in these loci also provides a case-study, in which it is possible to see how Chemnitz' actual use of Augustine relates to what he says about the Church Father in principle.



Using these two questions the present thesis investigates Chemnitz' own treatment of the above mentioned chief doctrines of the Reformation, and how his thinking relates to the theological heritage of Augustine. Throughout this work, close attention is paid to the arguments Chemnitz uses from Holy Scripture. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • Docent Aurelius, Carl Axel, Linköping
organization
alternative title
The Critical Issues of the Reformation and the Heritage of Augustine: A Study in the Augustine-Reception of Martin Chemnitz
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Kristen teologi (allmän, systematic and practical Christian theology, General, Augustine, Martin Chemnitz, Luther, Melanchthon, Scripture, tradition, free will, justification, reformation, lutheran orthodoxy, church fathers, sola scriptura, sola fide, systematisk och praktisk)
in
Reformationens huvudfrågor och arvet från Augustinus
pages
317 pages
publisher
Din Bok, Västra Hamngatan 21, S-411 17 Göteborg,
defense location
Carolinasalen, Kungshuset, Lund
defense date
1999-11-15 14:00
external identifiers
  • other:ISRN LUREDN/REST-1999/1022-SE+317
ISSN
1403-0160
ISBN
91-972635-9-1
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
125eea3e-987e-4dd3-9d6f-e3413cf854d6 (old id 19294)
date added to LUP
2007-05-25 08:14:36
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:58
@phdthesis{125eea3e-987e-4dd3-9d6f-e3413cf854d6,
  abstract     = {As a co-author of the Formula of Concord, Martin Chemnitz (1522-86) codified the sola scriptura principle of the Reformation, that the prophetic and apostolic Scriptures are the only rule for all Church doctrine. This principle is clearly expressed in Chemnitz' own theological treatises as well, but in his argumentation one is also confronted with an astonishing number of quotations from the Church Fathers. According to Chemnitz, Augustine is the most prominent among the Fathers. In this thesis the following two questions are treated:<br/><br>
<br/><br>
1. What is the function of the quotations from Augustine in Chemnitz' theology? Chemnitz stresses the sola scriptura principle while simultaneously emphasizing the importance of the study of the early tradition, i.e. the writings of the Church Fathers. Here is examined what Chemnitz in principle taught about the relationship between Scripture and tradition, a topic he treats exhaustively. What Chemnitz' sola scriptura principle means and how he argues for it are clarified. The tradition has many functions in the theology of Chemnitz, and is not just a polemical tool. However, none of these functions owerthrow his sola scriptura principle.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
2. How does Chemnitz interpret Augustine? The present study is confined to the doctrine of justification, the most important article of the Reformation, and the doctrine of free will, an article indissolubly joined with the doctrine of justification. In the treatment of these doctrines, Chemnitz often relates his own standpoint to Augustine's. In this study Chemnitz' doctrinal teaching, his interpretation of Augustine, and their interrelationship are explored. As part of the clarification of his use of the Church Father, Chemnitz' interpretation is evaluated in the light of Augustine's own writings. The analysis of the Augustine-reception in these loci also provides a case-study, in which it is possible to see how Chemnitz' actual use of Augustine relates to what he says about the Church Father in principle.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Using these two questions the present thesis investigates Chemnitz' own treatment of the above mentioned chief doctrines of the Reformation, and how his thinking relates to the theological heritage of Augustine. Throughout this work, close attention is paid to the arguments Chemnitz uses from Holy Scripture.},
  author       = {Johansson, Torbjörn},
  isbn         = {91-972635-9-1},
  issn         = {1403-0160},
  keyword      = {Kristen teologi (allmän,systematic and practical Christian theology,General,Augustine,Martin Chemnitz,Luther,Melanchthon,Scripture,tradition,free will,justification,reformation,lutheran orthodoxy,church fathers,sola scriptura,sola fide,systematisk och praktisk)},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {317},
  publisher    = {Din Bok, Västra Hamngatan 21, S-411 17 Göteborg,},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Reformationens huvudfrågor och arvet från Augustinus},
  title        = {Reformationens huvudfrågor och arvet från Augustinus. En studie i Martin Chemnitz' Augustinusreception},
  year         = {1999},
}