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Image substitutes and visual fake history: historical images of atrocity of the Ukrainian famine 1932–1933 on social media

Zhukova, Ekatherina LU (2019) In Visual Communication
Abstract
This article analyses how pre-internet historical images of atrocity are used on social media in the era of misinformation, disinformation and a rising radical right. Combining scholarship in cultural sociology, media studies and communication, and history, the article introduces two concepts: image substitute and visual fake history. Image substitute is an image of an historical event from a particular time or place, which is used to represent a tragedy from a different decade or geographical location. Visual fake history is a combination of truth, misinformation and disinformation about past events through reliance on historical images as image substitutes and accompanying narratives. These concepts are developed empirically on the basis... (More)
This article analyses how pre-internet historical images of atrocity are used on social media in the era of misinformation, disinformation and a rising radical right. Combining scholarship in cultural sociology, media studies and communication, and history, the article introduces two concepts: image substitute and visual fake history. Image substitute is an image of an historical event from a particular time or place, which is used to represent a tragedy from a different decade or geographical location. Visual fake history is a combination of truth, misinformation and disinformation about past events through reliance on historical images as image substitutes and accompanying narratives. These concepts are developed empirically on the basis of images representing the Ukrainian famine of 1932–1933, circulated on Instagram under #holodomor between 2012–2018. It is shown that the Ukrainian famine was visualized through images of Soviet and South Asian famines and the Holocaust, which were embedded in anti-communist and anti-Semitic narratives. (Less)
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author
publishing date
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Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
in
Visual Communication
publisher
SAGE Publications
external identifiers
  • scopus:85076029075
ISSN
1470-3572
DOI
10.1177/1470357219888673
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
1930d9be-a54f-4ec7-8989-230b020533c0
date added to LUP
2020-02-06 18:13:35
date last changed
2020-08-05 05:41:38
@article{1930d9be-a54f-4ec7-8989-230b020533c0,
  abstract     = {This article analyses how pre-internet historical images of atrocity are used on social media in the era of misinformation, disinformation and a rising radical right. Combining scholarship in cultural sociology, media studies and communication, and history, the article introduces two concepts: image substitute and visual fake history. Image substitute is an image of an historical event from a particular time or place, which is used to represent a tragedy from a different decade or geographical location. Visual fake history is a combination of truth, misinformation and disinformation about past events through reliance on historical images as image substitutes and accompanying narratives. These concepts are developed empirically on the basis of images representing the Ukrainian famine of 1932–1933, circulated on Instagram under #holodomor between 2012–2018. It is shown that the Ukrainian famine was visualized through images of Soviet and South Asian famines and the Holocaust, which were embedded in anti-communist and anti-Semitic narratives.},
  author       = {Zhukova, Ekatherina},
  issn         = {1470-3572},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {11},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications},
  series       = {Visual Communication},
  title        = {Image substitutes and visual fake history: historical images of atrocity of the Ukrainian famine 1932–1933 on social media},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1470357219888673},
  doi          = {10.1177/1470357219888673},
  year         = {2019},
}