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Interaction of the EU ETS and national climate policy instruments – Impact on biomass use

Kautto, Niina LU ; Arasto, Antti; Jos, Sijm and Peck, Philip LU (2012) In Biomass & Bioenergy 38(March). p.117-127
Abstract
Policy-makers apply multiple policy instruments simultaneously in the climate and energy policy field at both EU and Member State levels. This creates interactions between instruments that can be complementary and synergistic but also conflicting. This article focuses on the interactions of climate policy instruments and their impact on biomass use. The objectives are to examine interactions of the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) with the main national climate policy instruments and to identify the influence of these on biomass use. The work draws experiences from seven EU countries (Austria, Finland, Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Sweden and the United Kingdom), with a special focus on Finland and Sweden. The analysis explores the... (More)
Policy-makers apply multiple policy instruments simultaneously in the climate and energy policy field at both EU and Member State levels. This creates interactions between instruments that can be complementary and synergistic but also conflicting. This article focuses on the interactions of climate policy instruments and their impact on biomass use. The objectives are to examine interactions of the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) with the main national climate policy instruments and to identify the influence of these on biomass use. The work draws experiences from seven EU countries (Austria, Finland, Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Sweden and the United Kingdom), with a special focus on Finland and Sweden. The analysis explores the effects of policy interactions and is based on an examination of literature, and interviews with biomass experts in research, industry and policy spheres. Results indicate that the combined effects of climate policy instruments have a tangible impact on biomass use, whereas the causal links to the EU ETS are difficult to assess separately. Policy impacts found include increased competition for biomass resources, changes in fuel mixes and a contribution to upward pressure on wood prices. Differences in these effects are linked to differing national policy mixes and energy-carrier portfolios – an example being the relative differences in the importance of peat to the energy mix in Finland and Sweden. Analysis and comparison of the effects in the selected countries can yield insight on how to improve the design of policy interventions that impact biomass use. This study confirms the importance of identifying interactions between policy instruments so as to recognise – and manage – synergies and conflicts. The development of more synergistic and coordinated policy instrument mixes would also be beneficial for the bioenergy field. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Policy interaction, Emissions trading, Biomass, Climate policy, Policy instrument
in
Biomass & Bioenergy
volume
38
issue
March
pages
117 - 127
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000301608700012
  • scopus:84856287788
ISSN
1873-2909
DOI
10.1016/j.biombioe.2011.02.002
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
45038cfd-0693-42a1-97e4-5e8a40bce5d1 (old id 1961686)
date added to LUP
2011-05-13 13:31:19
date last changed
2017-01-01 03:44:58
@article{45038cfd-0693-42a1-97e4-5e8a40bce5d1,
  abstract     = {Policy-makers apply multiple policy instruments simultaneously in the climate and energy policy field at both EU and Member State levels. This creates interactions between instruments that can be complementary and synergistic but also conflicting. This article focuses on the interactions of climate policy instruments and their impact on biomass use. The objectives are to examine interactions of the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) with the main national climate policy instruments and to identify the influence of these on biomass use. The work draws experiences from seven EU countries (Austria, Finland, Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Sweden and the United Kingdom), with a special focus on Finland and Sweden. The analysis explores the effects of policy interactions and is based on an examination of literature, and interviews with biomass experts in research, industry and policy spheres. Results indicate that the combined effects of climate policy instruments have a tangible impact on biomass use, whereas the causal links to the EU ETS are difficult to assess separately. Policy impacts found include increased competition for biomass resources, changes in fuel mixes and a contribution to upward pressure on wood prices. Differences in these effects are linked to differing national policy mixes and energy-carrier portfolios – an example being the relative differences in the importance of peat to the energy mix in Finland and Sweden. Analysis and comparison of the effects in the selected countries can yield insight on how to improve the design of policy interventions that impact biomass use. This study confirms the importance of identifying interactions between policy instruments so as to recognise – and manage – synergies and conflicts. The development of more synergistic and coordinated policy instrument mixes would also be beneficial for the bioenergy field.},
  author       = {Kautto, Niina and Arasto, Antti and Jos, Sijm and Peck, Philip},
  issn         = {1873-2909},
  keyword      = {Policy interaction,Emissions trading,Biomass,Climate policy,Policy instrument},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {March},
  pages        = {117--127},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Biomass & Bioenergy},
  title        = {Interaction of the EU ETS and national climate policy instruments – Impact on biomass use},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2011.02.002},
  volume       = {38},
  year         = {2012},
}