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Storkonflikten 1980 och andra stora arbetskonflikter i Sverige

Kjellberg, Anders LU (2011) In Arbetarhistoria: meddelande från arbetarrörelsens arkiv och bibliotek 35(138-139 (2011:2-3)). p.33-40
Abstract
In the article, the Great Conflict of 1980 is compared with the general strike and great lockout of 1909 and the 1945 metalworkers’ strike. Depending on how they are measured, each of them could lay claim to be the largest labour conflict in Swedish history. While the strikes of 1909 and 1945 ended up in union defeats, the outcome of the 1980 conflict was a severe setback for SAF. The 1909 LO strike and the 1980 SAF lockout both aimed at pressing a non-socialist government to intervene, but none of them was successful in this respect. During the months preceding the 1980 conflict, the centre-right government failed to present an economic-political package satisfying the labour market parties, in particular LO regarding tax adjustments... (More)
In the article, the Great Conflict of 1980 is compared with the general strike and great lockout of 1909 and the 1945 metalworkers’ strike. Depending on how they are measured, each of them could lay claim to be the largest labour conflict in Swedish history. While the strikes of 1909 and 1945 ended up in union defeats, the outcome of the 1980 conflict was a severe setback for SAF. The 1909 LO strike and the 1980 SAF lockout both aimed at pressing a non-socialist government to intervene, but none of them was successful in this respect. During the months preceding the 1980 conflict, the centre-right government failed to present an economic-political package satisfying the labour market parties, in particular LO regarding tax adjustments acceptable for the low-income groups. The appearance for the first time of a united front of the LO and TCO public sector unions and bargaining cartels, the “Gang of Four”, complicated the bargaining round. The founding of the private sector white-collar bargaining cartel PTK seven years earlier also weakened the privileged position that the axis LO-SAF had had in the traditional Swedish model. Despite this, the overwhelming majority of strikers and locked out in the 1980 conflict was blue-collar workers in the LO-SAF area, although the participation of some public sector groups attracted great attention. A number of developments in the 1970s formed the background to the great conflict: strong inflationary pressures due to two oil crisis and very high nominal wage increases in the midst of the decade, the first non-socialist government in Sweden for 44 years entering office in 1976 and the appointment of a new SAF president, the militant Curt Nicolin, in the same year. Nicolin set great hopes on the 1980 lockout as “an investment for the future” with the aim to change the bargaining climate for the coming decades. The great conflict of 1980 may be considered an attempt on the part of the employers to change the Swedish model of collective bargaining to radically gear down wage increases. The SAF proposals for a wage freeze (“the zero bid”) and a downsized public sector, presented as the only possible way of securing the standard of living, made up two conspicuous components of an employer strategy to change the rules of collective bargaining. After the 1980 failure, SAF adopted another concept – decentralized and individualized wage formation – to gear down wage increases. (Less)
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author
organization
alternative title
The Great Conflict of 1980 and other major labour conflicts in Sweden
publishing date
type
Contribution to specialist publication or newspaper
publication status
published
subject
keywords
strejk, TCO, PTK, LO, SAF, metallstrejken, storlockout, storkonflikt, storstrejk, arbetskonflikt, labour conflict, strike, Nicolin, de fyras gäng, Kommunal, KTV, TCO-S, Statsanställdas förbund, Metall, arbetare, tjänstemän, opinionsbildning, storkonflikten 1980, storstrejken, Metallstrejken, Metall, LO, SAF, strejk, strejkfrekvens, strejkunderstöd, fackförening, arbetsgivare, konfliktunderstöd
categories
Popular Science
in
Arbetarhistoria: meddelande från arbetarrörelsens arkiv och bibliotek
volume
35
issue
138-139 (2011:2-3)
pages
8 pages
publisher
Arbetarrörelsens arkiv och bibliotek
ISSN
0281-7446
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
5f1ce423-f01e-4862-92b4-46499ecfd513 (old id 1964085)
alternative location
http://www.arbetarhistoria.se/fulltext/138-139.pdf
date added to LUP
2011-08-17 15:02:34
date last changed
2017-04-02 21:13:14
@misc{5f1ce423-f01e-4862-92b4-46499ecfd513,
  abstract     = {In the article, the Great Conflict of 1980 is compared with the general strike and great lockout of 1909 and the 1945 metalworkers’ strike. Depending on how they are measured, each of them could lay claim to be the largest labour conflict in Swedish history. While the strikes of 1909 and 1945 ended up in union defeats, the outcome of the 1980 conflict was a severe setback for SAF. The 1909 LO strike and the 1980 SAF lockout both aimed at pressing a non-socialist government to intervene, but none of them was successful in this respect. During the months preceding the 1980 conflict, the centre-right government failed to present an economic-political package satisfying the labour market parties, in particular LO regarding tax adjustments acceptable for the low-income groups. The appearance for the first time of a united front of the LO and TCO public sector unions and bargaining cartels, the “Gang of Four”, complicated the bargaining round. The founding of the private sector white-collar bargaining cartel PTK seven years earlier also weakened the privileged position that the axis LO-SAF had had in the traditional Swedish model. Despite this, the overwhelming majority of strikers and locked out in the 1980 conflict was blue-collar workers in the LO-SAF area, although the participation of some public sector groups attracted great attention. A number of developments in the 1970s formed the background to the great conflict: strong inflationary pressures due to two oil crisis and very high nominal wage increases in the midst of the decade, the first non-socialist government in Sweden for 44 years entering office in 1976 and the appointment of a new SAF president, the militant Curt Nicolin, in the same year. Nicolin set great hopes on the 1980 lockout as “an investment for the future” with the aim to change the bargaining climate for the coming decades. The great conflict of 1980 may be considered an attempt on the part of the employers to change the Swedish model of collective bargaining to radically gear down wage increases. The SAF proposals for a wage freeze (“the zero bid”) and a downsized public sector, presented as the only possible way of securing the standard of living, made up two conspicuous components of an employer strategy to change the rules of collective bargaining. After the 1980 failure, SAF adopted another concept – decentralized and individualized wage formation – to gear down wage increases.},
  author       = {Kjellberg, Anders},
  issn         = {0281-7446},
  keyword      = {strejk,TCO,PTK,LO,SAF,metallstrejken,storlockout,storkonflikt,storstrejk,arbetskonflikt,labour conflict,strike,Nicolin,de fyras gäng,Kommunal,KTV,TCO-S,Statsanställdas förbund,Metall,arbetare,tjänstemän,opinionsbildning,storkonflikten 1980,storstrejken,Metallstrejken,Metall,LO,SAF,strejk,strejkfrekvens,strejkunderstöd,fackförening,arbetsgivare,konfliktunderstöd},
  language     = {swe},
  number       = {138-139 (2011:2-3)},
  pages        = {33--40},
  publisher    = {Arbetarrörelsens arkiv och bibliotek},
  series       = {Arbetarhistoria: meddelande från arbetarrörelsens arkiv och bibliotek},
  title        = {Storkonflikten 1980 och andra stora arbetskonflikter i Sverige},
  volume       = {35},
  year         = {2011},
}