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Multinationella företags organisation : ett nyinstitutionellt ekonomiskt perspektiv på samordning

Pihl, Håkan LU (2000)
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

En ny organisation har identifierats i multinationella företag. Vad utmärker denna? Vilka är skillnaderna mot tidigare? Denna avhandling beskriver och förklarar multinationella företags organisation utifrån en utvidgad nyinstitutionell ekonomisk teori för samordningsmekanismer och samordningsformer. Nya organisatoriska inslag identifieras och analyseras utifrån denna teori. En ny organisationsform, en "Web-form", identifieras härvidlag.
Abstract
During the 1980s and the 1990s several researchers have described new organisational features and a new organisational form in multinational enterprises, linked to a variety of theoretical approaches. Can the new organisational features be analysed from a consistent theoretical basis, and can, hereby, a new organisational form be distinguished from earlier forms? The purpose of this dissertation is to develop a theory for multinational enterprise organisation; a theory that analyses new organisational features from a co-ordination perspective based on the New Institutional Economic theory.



This study offers a synthesised description of new organisational features based on previous research in the field. This description... (More)
During the 1980s and the 1990s several researchers have described new organisational features and a new organisational form in multinational enterprises, linked to a variety of theoretical approaches. Can the new organisational features be analysed from a consistent theoretical basis, and can, hereby, a new organisational form be distinguished from earlier forms? The purpose of this dissertation is to develop a theory for multinational enterprise organisation; a theory that analyses new organisational features from a co-ordination perspective based on the New Institutional Economic theory.



This study offers a synthesised description of new organisational features based on previous research in the field. This description is complemented and illustrated by data collected from a group of Swedish-based multinational enterprises. The identified organisational features are analysed from a co-ordination perspective based on New Institutional Economic theory, which is extended by contributions from organisation theory. Hereby, a theory for co-ordination mechanisms and co-ordination forms is developed. Four co-ordination mechanisms are identified: authority, price, rules and ideology. The choice of one mechanism over the other depends on the transaction costs each mechanism incurs. Different co-ordination forms are then analysed, especially the multidivisional form (M-form) of large diversified enterprises. The M-form is used as a basis for analysing new organisational features in multinational enterprises. By analysing new organisational features, eight new "multi-aspects" in the international M-form are identified. In short, these "multi-aspects" modify and extend the use of co-ordination mechanisms to reduce transaction costs. These modifications and extensions impose distinctive new elements on the international M-form, which leads to the identification and description of a new co-ordination form, the Web-form (W-form). (Less)
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author
opponent
  • Forsgren, Mats, Uppsala University
organization
alternative title
The Organisation of Multinational Enterprises - A New Institutional Economic Perspective on Co-ordination
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Commercial and industrial economics, New Institutional Economics., Transaction costs, M-form, Co-ordination forms, Co-ordination mechanisms, Multinational Enterprises, Organisation, Industriell ekonomi, Organizational science, Organisationsteori
pages
337 pages
publisher
Håkan Pihl, Stallgatan 16, S-291 54 Kristianstad,
defense location
Ekonomicentrum, Craafordsalen (Lund)
defense date
2000-05-25 13:00
external identifiers
  • Other:ISRN: LUSADG/SAEK--00/1061--SE
ISBN
91-628-4211-0
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
fef8d743-ad37-48d0-bc18-b156e2e6ab13 (old id 19685)
date added to LUP
2007-05-25 11:04:01
date last changed
2016-09-26 16:28:06
@phdthesis{fef8d743-ad37-48d0-bc18-b156e2e6ab13,
  abstract     = {During the 1980s and the 1990s several researchers have described new organisational features and a new organisational form in multinational enterprises, linked to a variety of theoretical approaches. Can the new organisational features be analysed from a consistent theoretical basis, and can, hereby, a new organisational form be distinguished from earlier forms? The purpose of this dissertation is to develop a theory for multinational enterprise organisation; a theory that analyses new organisational features from a co-ordination perspective based on the New Institutional Economic theory.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
This study offers a synthesised description of new organisational features based on previous research in the field. This description is complemented and illustrated by data collected from a group of Swedish-based multinational enterprises. The identified organisational features are analysed from a co-ordination perspective based on New Institutional Economic theory, which is extended by contributions from organisation theory. Hereby, a theory for co-ordination mechanisms and co-ordination forms is developed. Four co-ordination mechanisms are identified: authority, price, rules and ideology. The choice of one mechanism over the other depends on the transaction costs each mechanism incurs. Different co-ordination forms are then analysed, especially the multidivisional form (M-form) of large diversified enterprises. The M-form is used as a basis for analysing new organisational features in multinational enterprises. By analysing new organisational features, eight new "multi-aspects" in the international M-form are identified. In short, these "multi-aspects" modify and extend the use of co-ordination mechanisms to reduce transaction costs. These modifications and extensions impose distinctive new elements on the international M-form, which leads to the identification and description of a new co-ordination form, the Web-form (W-form).},
  author       = {Pihl, Håkan},
  isbn         = {91-628-4211-0},
  keyword      = {Commercial and industrial economics,New Institutional Economics.,Transaction costs,M-form,Co-ordination forms,Co-ordination mechanisms,Multinational Enterprises,Organisation,Industriell ekonomi,Organizational science,Organisationsteori},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {337},
  publisher    = {Håkan Pihl, Stallgatan 16, S-291 54 Kristianstad,},
  school       = {Lund University},
  title        = {Multinationella företags organisation : ett nyinstitutionellt ekonomiskt perspektiv på samordning},
  year         = {2000},
}