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National democratization theory and global governance: Civil society and the liberalization of the Asian Development Bank

Uhlin, Anders LU (2011) In Democratization 18(3). p.847-871
Abstract
Contributing to a growing literature on democracy beyond the nation-state, this article draws on aspects of national democratization theory in order to analyse empirical processes of democracy. By combining insights from transition theory and the theory of political opportunity structures, the article examines the case of the Asian Development Bank (ADB). While the ADB for a long time has been described as a closed, unresponsive and unaccountable international organization, a recent evaluation praised the Bank for its good practices concerning transparency, participation and accountability. The article uses the analytical framework to highlight the interaction between hard-liners and soft-liners within the ADB and explores the role of... (More)
Contributing to a growing literature on democracy beyond the nation-state, this article draws on aspects of national democratization theory in order to analyse empirical processes of democracy. By combining insights from transition theory and the theory of political opportunity structures, the article examines the case of the Asian Development Bank (ADB). While the ADB for a long time has been described as a closed, unresponsive and unaccountable international organization, a recent evaluation praised the Bank for its good practices concerning transparency, participation and accountability. The article uses the analytical framework to highlight the interaction between hard-liners and soft-liners within the ADB and explores the role of different transnational civil society actors in the processes that seem to have strengthened the democratic credentials of the ADB. While finding significant divisions within the ADB as well as amongst civil society actors targeting the Bank, overall the article argues that transnational civil society actors, interacting with soft-liners within the ADB, have contributed to the implementation of reforms, which in turn create political opportunities for further civil society activism. The reform processes, however, are best described as processes of liberalization – rather than democratization. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
political opportunity structures, accountability, transition theory, transnational civil society, liberalization, democratization, international organizations, Asian Development Bank
in
Democratization
volume
18
issue
3
pages
847 - 871
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • wos:000290964300012
  • scopus:79957638543
ISSN
1351-0347
DOI
10.1080/13510347.2011.563121
project
Demokrati bortom nationalstaten? Transnationella aktörer och globala styrformer
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8b663279-86f5-40b7-bb90-aad66608357d (old id 1969836)
date added to LUP
2011-05-27 10:29:39
date last changed
2017-01-01 05:48:30
@article{8b663279-86f5-40b7-bb90-aad66608357d,
  abstract     = {Contributing to a growing literature on democracy beyond the nation-state, this article draws on aspects of national democratization theory in order to analyse empirical processes of democracy. By combining insights from transition theory and the theory of political opportunity structures, the article examines the case of the Asian Development Bank (ADB). While the ADB for a long time has been described as a closed, unresponsive and unaccountable international organization, a recent evaluation praised the Bank for its good practices concerning transparency, participation and accountability. The article uses the analytical framework to highlight the interaction between hard-liners and soft-liners within the ADB and explores the role of different transnational civil society actors in the processes that seem to have strengthened the democratic credentials of the ADB. While finding significant divisions within the ADB as well as amongst civil society actors targeting the Bank, overall the article argues that transnational civil society actors, interacting with soft-liners within the ADB, have contributed to the implementation of reforms, which in turn create political opportunities for further civil society activism. The reform processes, however, are best described as processes of liberalization – rather than democratization.},
  author       = {Uhlin, Anders},
  issn         = {1351-0347},
  keyword      = {political opportunity structures,accountability,transition theory,transnational civil society,liberalization,democratization,international organizations,Asian Development Bank},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {847--871},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Democratization},
  title        = {National democratization theory and global governance: Civil society and the liberalization of the Asian Development Bank},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13510347.2011.563121},
  volume       = {18},
  year         = {2011},
}