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"En empirisk vetenskap om duet": om Alfred Schutz bidrag till sociologin

Nilsen, Åke LU (2000) In Lund Dissertations in Sociology 34.
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Denna avhandling behandlar Alfred Schutz (1899-1959) sociologiska ansats, tidigt av honom själv benämnd som en empirisk vetenskap om duet, med fokus på den teori han utarbetade i syfte att förstärka den förstående sociologin. Baserat på metodologiska resonemang om möjligheten att nå en vetenskaplig kunskap om den meningskontext den andre, duet, handlar utifrån fördjupade Schutz den förstående sociologins teoretiska utgångspunkter i Edmund Husserls fenomenologi. Schutz insats inom sociologisk teori har inspirerat till efterföljare, vilka endera har försökt integrera viktiga moment både från den förstående sociologin och en funktionalistiskt anlagd sociologi i sina teoretiska ansatser, eller valt... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Denna avhandling behandlar Alfred Schutz (1899-1959) sociologiska ansats, tidigt av honom själv benämnd som en empirisk vetenskap om duet, med fokus på den teori han utarbetade i syfte att förstärka den förstående sociologin. Baserat på metodologiska resonemang om möjligheten att nå en vetenskaplig kunskap om den meningskontext den andre, duet, handlar utifrån fördjupade Schutz den förstående sociologins teoretiska utgångspunkter i Edmund Husserls fenomenologi. Schutz insats inom sociologisk teori har inspirerat till efterföljare, vilka endera har försökt integrera viktiga moment både från den förstående sociologin och en funktionalistiskt anlagd sociologi i sina teoretiska ansatser, eller valt en språklig interaktion som utgångspunkt. Avhandlingen uppmärksammar Schutz bidrag till sociologin både vad gäller egna skrifter och inflytandet på efterföljarna, exemplifierat av Peter Berger & Thomas Luckman, Harold Garfinkel, samt Jürgen Habermas. Syftet är att analysera vilka förtjänster och brister Schutz sociologiska ansats har samt att sätta denna och efterföljarnas ansatser i relation till sociologins metodologiska grunder. Avhandlingen behandlar främst två vetenskapsteoretiska problemställningar som är relaterade till läsningen av Schutz sociologiska ansats samt efterföljarnas ansatser. Den första problemställningen berör förhållandet mellan den teoretiska fördjupning Schutz företar, genom en fenomenologisk analys av vardagslivets verklighet, och den förstående sociologins grunder. Den andra problemställningen berör relationen mellan Schutz och hans efterföljares ansatser och sociologins metodologiska grunder. Avhandlingen är uppdelad i tre delar, där del I behandlar Schutz liv och sociologiska ansats. Del II består av en analys av Schutz bidrag till sociologin och inflytande, med fokus på hans verksamhet inom sociologisk teori. Del III behandlar frågeställningar om sociologisk teori och sociologins metodologiska grunder. (Less)
Abstract
This dissertation examines Alfred Schutz's (1899-1959) approach to sociology, which early in his work he called an empirical science of the thou, with an emphasis on the sociological theory he worked out to strengthen interpretive sociology. Based on a methodological understanding about the possibility of being able to achieve scientific knowledge of the other's, the thou's, context within which meaning is created and action is based, Schutz further developed an interpretive approach which has its roots in Edmund Husserl's phenomenology. This dissertation highlights Schutz's contribution to sociology, both in terms of his own writing and the influence he has had on others, exemplified by Peter Berger & Thomas Luckman, Harold Garfinkel... (More)
This dissertation examines Alfred Schutz's (1899-1959) approach to sociology, which early in his work he called an empirical science of the thou, with an emphasis on the sociological theory he worked out to strengthen interpretive sociology. Based on a methodological understanding about the possibility of being able to achieve scientific knowledge of the other's, the thou's, context within which meaning is created and action is based, Schutz further developed an interpretive approach which has its roots in Edmund Husserl's phenomenology. This dissertation highlights Schutz's contribution to sociology, both in terms of his own writing and the influence he has had on others, exemplified by Peter Berger & Thomas Luckman, Harold Garfinkel and Jürgen Habermas. The purpose of this critical analysis is to discern the positive contributions as well as deficiencies in Schutz's sociological theory, as well as locating Schutz's and his followers' perspectives in relation to sociology's methodological foundations. This dissertation primarily takes up two theory of science issues which are related to Schutz's and his followers' perspectives. The first issue revolves around the relationship between the theoretical development that Schutz undertakes through a phenomenological approach to analyzing the reality of everyday life and interpretive sociology's foundations. The second issue revolves around the relationship between Schutz's and his followers' approach and the methodological foundations of sociology. The dissertation is divided into three parts. Part I takes up Schutz's life and approach to sociology. Part II comprises of an analysis of Schutz's contribution to, and influence on, sociology with particular reference to his sociological theory. Part III takes up the issues of sociological theory and the methodological foundations of sociology. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • Österberg, Dag
organization
alternative title
An Empirical Science of the Thou - Alfred Schutz' contribution to sociology
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Schutz, interpretive sociology, phenomenology, methodology, everyday-life, methodical individualism, methodical holism, Garfinkel, Berger/Luckman, sociological theory, Habermas, Sociology, Sociologi
in
Lund Dissertations in Sociology
volume
34
pages
164 pages
publisher
Department of Sociology, Lund University
defense location
Carolinasalen, Lund
defense date
2000-12-08 13:15
external identifiers
  • other:ISRN: LUSADG/SASO--00/1132--SE
ISSN
1102-4712
ISBN
91-7267-020-7
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
9a8c03a9-0184-494a-b9e2-e68bc7d46b87 (old id 19734)
date added to LUP
2007-05-25 12:04:23
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:56
@phdthesis{9a8c03a9-0184-494a-b9e2-e68bc7d46b87,
  abstract     = {This dissertation examines Alfred Schutz's (1899-1959) approach to sociology, which early in his work he called an empirical science of the thou, with an emphasis on the sociological theory he worked out to strengthen interpretive sociology. Based on a methodological understanding about the possibility of being able to achieve scientific knowledge of the other's, the thou's, context within which meaning is created and action is based, Schutz further developed an interpretive approach which has its roots in Edmund Husserl's phenomenology. This dissertation highlights Schutz's contribution to sociology, both in terms of his own writing and the influence he has had on others, exemplified by Peter Berger & Thomas Luckman, Harold Garfinkel and Jürgen Habermas. The purpose of this critical analysis is to discern the positive contributions as well as deficiencies in Schutz's sociological theory, as well as locating Schutz's and his followers' perspectives in relation to sociology's methodological foundations. This dissertation primarily takes up two theory of science issues which are related to Schutz's and his followers' perspectives. The first issue revolves around the relationship between the theoretical development that Schutz undertakes through a phenomenological approach to analyzing the reality of everyday life and interpretive sociology's foundations. The second issue revolves around the relationship between Schutz's and his followers' approach and the methodological foundations of sociology. The dissertation is divided into three parts. Part I takes up Schutz's life and approach to sociology. Part II comprises of an analysis of Schutz's contribution to, and influence on, sociology with particular reference to his sociological theory. Part III takes up the issues of sociological theory and the methodological foundations of sociology.},
  author       = {Nilsen, Åke},
  isbn         = {91-7267-020-7},
  issn         = {1102-4712},
  keyword      = {Schutz,interpretive sociology,phenomenology,methodology,everyday-life,methodical individualism,methodical holism,Garfinkel,Berger/Luckman,sociological theory,Habermas,Sociology,Sociologi},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {164},
  publisher    = {Department of Sociology, Lund University},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Lund Dissertations in Sociology},
  title        = {"En empirisk vetenskap om duet": om Alfred Schutz bidrag till sociologin},
  volume       = {34},
  year         = {2000},
}