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De la théorie de la description à la description chez Julien Gracq

Cariboni Killander, Carla LU (2000) In Études Romanes de Lund 62.
Abstract
This thesis deals with some aspects of description in Julien Gracq’s fiction. These aspects are selected as a result of a double investigation. Firstly, the theory of description as it has taken form with the contributions of Barthes, Genette, Ricardou, Bal, Riffaterre, Hamon, Weinrich, Adam and Petitjean, Reuter, Molino, Brassart is presented. Secondly, the main critical analyses of description in Gracq’s fiction are exposed. The results of this double investigation show the gap between, on the one hand a formal, non-referential theory and on the other an interpretative and partially referential criticism. Two main domains appear where a confrontation between theory and criticism seems to be necessary. The second part of the thesis deals... (More)
This thesis deals with some aspects of description in Julien Gracq’s fiction. These aspects are selected as a result of a double investigation. Firstly, the theory of description as it has taken form with the contributions of Barthes, Genette, Ricardou, Bal, Riffaterre, Hamon, Weinrich, Adam and Petitjean, Reuter, Molino, Brassart is presented. Secondly, the main critical analyses of description in Gracq’s fiction are exposed. The results of this double investigation show the gap between, on the one hand a formal, non-referential theory and on the other an interpretative and partially referential criticism. Two main domains appear where a confrontation between theory and criticism seems to be necessary. The second part of the thesis deals with this confrontation. The first domain concerns the relations between description and narration. Hamon’s notion of ”demarcating system” is questioned. The way Gracq’s critics extract the descriptions they analyse suggests that the ”demarcating system” is a problematic notion, especially when confronted with the notion of ”descriptive system”. Iteration according to Genette’s definition is also studied. Iterative description and iterative narration in Gracq’s fiction have some important implications for the theoretical model of description. On the one hand, Hamon’s notion of ”semantic equivalence” appears inappropriate in iterative descriptions; on the other hand, iterative narration seems to be a hybrid, disturbing some established theoretical notions. The results show that iterative narration should be considered as a descriptive mode and that it should be taken into account by the theorists of description. The second domain concerns the relations between description and representation. The principle causes of the weak representational value of descriptions in Gracq’s fiction are exposed: metaphors, evaluation, modalisation. There is a noticeable distance between the theoretical study of legibility and the analysis of description’s representational value by Gracq’s critics. In order to test the theoretical hypothesis of the cohesive function assumed by the ”plans de texte” (Adam) or the ”grilles descriptives” (Hamon), an empirical experiment is carried out. The results show the necessity to revise the theoretical assumption of semantic coherence as a structuring principle for description. The conclusions of this thesis validate the hypothesis of the relevance of the confrontation between the theoretical and the critical field. The use of a new corpus turns out to be rewarding. In order to improve the theory of description some modifications are proposed (study of iteration and of the representational and referential dimensions of description); some new aspects of Gracq’s description are also discovered, in the light of this theory. (Less)
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author
supervisor
opponent
  • Professor Hamon, Philippe, Paris III, Sorbonne Nouvelle, France.
organization
alternative title
From Theory of Description to Description in Julien Gracq
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Julien Gracq, Philippe Hamon, Mimesis, Narration, Narration and Description, Text linguistics, Theory of description, Descriptive System, ”Pantonyme”, Demarcating System, Action Description, Description, Iteration, French literature, "Effet de réel"., Representation, Fransk litteratur
in
Études Romanes de Lund
volume
62
pages
334 pages
publisher
Romanska institutionen, Lunds universitet
defense location
Kulturanatomen, sal 201, Biskopsgatan 7, Lund.
defense date
2000-06-03 10:15
external identifiers
  • other:ISRN: LUHSDF/HSRF——00/1026——SE+334
ISSN
0347-0822
ISBN
91-973886-0-2
language
French
LU publication?
yes
id
25cc6405-5c31-446a-9128-1ec404dfdf71 (old id 19801)
date added to LUP
2011-06-14 16:48:16
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:52
@phdthesis{25cc6405-5c31-446a-9128-1ec404dfdf71,
  abstract     = {This thesis deals with some aspects of description in Julien Gracq’s fiction. These aspects are selected as a result of a double investigation. Firstly, the theory of description as it has taken form with the contributions of Barthes, Genette, Ricardou, Bal, Riffaterre, Hamon, Weinrich, Adam and Petitjean, Reuter, Molino, Brassart is presented. Secondly, the main critical analyses of description in Gracq’s fiction are exposed. The results of this double investigation show the gap between, on the one hand a formal, non-referential theory and on the other an interpretative and partially referential criticism. Two main domains appear where a confrontation between theory and criticism seems to be necessary. The second part of the thesis deals with this confrontation. The first domain concerns the relations between description and narration. Hamon’s notion of ”demarcating system” is questioned. The way Gracq’s critics extract the descriptions they analyse suggests that the ”demarcating system” is a problematic notion, especially when confronted with the notion of ”descriptive system”. Iteration according to Genette’s definition is also studied. Iterative description and iterative narration in Gracq’s fiction have some important implications for the theoretical model of description. On the one hand, Hamon’s notion of ”semantic equivalence” appears inappropriate in iterative descriptions; on the other hand, iterative narration seems to be a hybrid, disturbing some established theoretical notions. The results show that iterative narration should be considered as a descriptive mode and that it should be taken into account by the theorists of description. The second domain concerns the relations between description and representation. The principle causes of the weak representational value of descriptions in Gracq’s fiction are exposed: metaphors, evaluation, modalisation. There is a noticeable distance between the theoretical study of legibility and the analysis of description’s representational value by Gracq’s critics. In order to test the theoretical hypothesis of the cohesive function assumed by the ”plans de texte” (Adam) or the ”grilles descriptives” (Hamon), an empirical experiment is carried out. The results show the necessity to revise the theoretical assumption of semantic coherence as a structuring principle for description. The conclusions of this thesis validate the hypothesis of the relevance of the confrontation between the theoretical and the critical field. The use of a new corpus turns out to be rewarding. In order to improve the theory of description some modifications are proposed (study of iteration and of the representational and referential dimensions of description); some new aspects of Gracq’s description are also discovered, in the light of this theory.},
  author       = {Cariboni Killander, Carla},
  isbn         = {91-973886-0-2},
  issn         = {0347-0822},
  keyword      = {Julien Gracq,Philippe Hamon,Mimesis,Narration,Narration and Description,Text linguistics,Theory of description,Descriptive System,”Pantonyme”,Demarcating System,Action Description,Description,Iteration,French literature,"Effet de réel".,Representation,Fransk litteratur},
  language     = {fre},
  pages        = {334},
  publisher    = {Romanska institutionen, Lunds universitet},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Études Romanes de Lund},
  title        = {De la théorie de la description à la description chez Julien Gracq},
  volume       = {62},
  year         = {2000},
}