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Environmental factors driving the effectiveness of European agri-environmental measures in mitigating pollinator loss - a meta-analysis

Scheper, Jeroen; Holzschuh, Andrea; Kuussaari, Mikko; Potts, Simon G.; Rundlöf, Maj LU ; Smith, Henrik LU and Kleijn, David (2013) In Ecology Letters 16(7). p.912-920
Abstract
In Europe, agri-environmental schemes (AES) have been introduced in response to concerns about farmland biodiversity declines. Yet, as AES have delivered variable results, a better understanding of what determines their success or failure is urgently needed. Focusing on pollinating insects, we quantitatively reviewed how environmental factors affect the effectiveness of AES. Our results suggest that the ecological contrast in floral resources created by schemes drives the response of pollinators to AES but that this response is moderated by landscape context and farmland type, with more positive responses in croplands (vs. grasslands) located in simple (vs. cleared or complex) landscapes. These findings inform us how to promote pollinators... (More)
In Europe, agri-environmental schemes (AES) have been introduced in response to concerns about farmland biodiversity declines. Yet, as AES have delivered variable results, a better understanding of what determines their success or failure is urgently needed. Focusing on pollinating insects, we quantitatively reviewed how environmental factors affect the effectiveness of AES. Our results suggest that the ecological contrast in floral resources created by schemes drives the response of pollinators to AES but that this response is moderated by landscape context and farmland type, with more positive responses in croplands (vs. grasslands) located in simple (vs. cleared or complex) landscapes. These findings inform us how to promote pollinators and associated pollination services in species-poor landscapes. They do not, however, present viable strategies to mitigate loss of threatened or endangered species. This indicates that the objectives and design of AES should distinguish more clearly between biodiversity conservation and delivery of ecosystem services. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Agri-environmental schemes, ecological contrast, ecosystem services, landscape context, land-use intensity, pollinators
in
Ecology Letters
volume
16
issue
7
pages
912 - 920
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000320275100010
  • scopus:84931748960
ISSN
1461-023X
DOI
10.1111/ele.12128
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
198b00f8-cc3d-4495-b3c0-0bf4dfcd8a6d (old id 3980072)
date added to LUP
2013-09-03 15:46:37
date last changed
2019-02-24 03:01:58
@article{198b00f8-cc3d-4495-b3c0-0bf4dfcd8a6d,
  abstract     = {In Europe, agri-environmental schemes (AES) have been introduced in response to concerns about farmland biodiversity declines. Yet, as AES have delivered variable results, a better understanding of what determines their success or failure is urgently needed. Focusing on pollinating insects, we quantitatively reviewed how environmental factors affect the effectiveness of AES. Our results suggest that the ecological contrast in floral resources created by schemes drives the response of pollinators to AES but that this response is moderated by landscape context and farmland type, with more positive responses in croplands (vs. grasslands) located in simple (vs. cleared or complex) landscapes. These findings inform us how to promote pollinators and associated pollination services in species-poor landscapes. They do not, however, present viable strategies to mitigate loss of threatened or endangered species. This indicates that the objectives and design of AES should distinguish more clearly between biodiversity conservation and delivery of ecosystem services.},
  author       = {Scheper, Jeroen and Holzschuh, Andrea and Kuussaari, Mikko and Potts, Simon G. and Rundlöf, Maj and Smith, Henrik and Kleijn, David},
  issn         = {1461-023X},
  keyword      = {Agri-environmental schemes,ecological contrast,ecosystem services,landscape context,land-use intensity,pollinators},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {912--920},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Ecology Letters},
  title        = {Environmental factors driving the effectiveness of European agri-environmental measures in mitigating pollinator loss - a meta-analysis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ele.12128},
  volume       = {16},
  year         = {2013},
}