Advanced

Dominance, prior occupancy and Winter residency in the great tit (Parus major)

Sandell, Maria LU and Smith, Henrik G. LU (1990) In Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 29. p.147-152
Abstract
This study reports an aviary experiment aimed at determining what affects social dominance in the great tit (Parus major), especially why older birds (adults) in nature normally dominate younger ones (juveniles). When birds were matched with respect to age, prior residency determined dominance. Without a difference in prior residency older birds dominated younger ones. However, when juvenile birds had a prior residency advantage over adult birds, they often became dominant. This was especially so when the juvenile bird was large relative to the adult bird. When a resident juvenile male was also consorted by a female, the became dominant over an adult male on most occasions. An experiment where the dominant bird was removed and later... (More)
This study reports an aviary experiment aimed at determining what affects social dominance in the great tit (Parus major), especially why older birds (adults) in nature normally dominate younger ones (juveniles). When birds were matched with respect to age, prior residency determined dominance. Without a difference in prior residency older birds dominated younger ones. However, when juvenile birds had a prior residency advantage over adult birds, they often became dominant. This was especially so when the juvenile bird was large relative to the adult bird. When a resident juvenile male was also consorted by a female, the became dominant over an adult male on most occasions. An experiment where the dominant bird was removed and later returned to the aviary failed to produce more than one shift in dominance. However, the proportion of reversals in dominance interactions increased with separation time. It is argued that the fact that dominance depends on prior residency selects for winter residency in the great tit. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
volume
29
pages
147 - 152
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:0026313517
ISSN
1432-0762
DOI
10.1007/BF00166490
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
199744e9-20e8-4192-b42a-0e5bdda8895e
date added to LUP
2017-07-10 15:13:38
date last changed
2017-10-15 04:52:35
@article{199744e9-20e8-4192-b42a-0e5bdda8895e,
  abstract     = {This study reports an aviary experiment aimed at determining what affects social dominance in the great tit (Parus major), especially why older birds (adults) in nature normally dominate younger ones (juveniles). When birds were matched with respect to age, prior residency determined dominance. Without a difference in prior residency older birds dominated younger ones. However, when juvenile birds had a prior residency advantage over adult birds, they often became dominant. This was especially so when the juvenile bird was large relative to the adult bird. When a resident juvenile male was also consorted by a female, the became dominant over an adult male on most occasions. An experiment where the dominant bird was removed and later returned to the aviary failed to produce more than one shift in dominance. However, the proportion of reversals in dominance interactions increased with separation time. It is argued that the fact that dominance depends on prior residency selects for winter residency in the great tit.},
  author       = {Sandell, Maria and Smith, Henrik G.},
  issn         = {1432-0762},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {147--152},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
  title        = {Dominance, prior occupancy and Winter residency in the great tit (Parus major)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00166490},
  volume       = {29},
  year         = {1990},
}