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Ett massmedium för folket : studier i de allmänna kungörelsernas funktion i 1700-talets samhälle

Reuterswärd, Elisabeth LU (2001) In Studia Historica Lundensia 2.
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Var efterlystes brottslingar förr? I kyrkan! Var fick man reda på att äkta män övergivit sina hustrur? I kyrkan! Hur annonserades kommande auktioner? I kyrkan! Var tillkännagavs nya lagar och förordningar? Hur fick människor besked om var viktiga möten skulle äga rum? Hur visste man att landet var i krig och vad som hände under kriser av olika slag? Naturligtvis var det i kyrkan. Den var länge allmogens självklara plats för nyhetsförmedling.



Kungörelserna fungerade som ett massmedium och uppläsningen från predikstolarna utgjorde en del i ett system för masskommunikation då tidningar var få och främst lästes av en bildad överklass. Detta är ämnet för denna avhandling som belyser... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Var efterlystes brottslingar förr? I kyrkan! Var fick man reda på att äkta män övergivit sina hustrur? I kyrkan! Hur annonserades kommande auktioner? I kyrkan! Var tillkännagavs nya lagar och förordningar? Hur fick människor besked om var viktiga möten skulle äga rum? Hur visste man att landet var i krig och vad som hände under kriser av olika slag? Naturligtvis var det i kyrkan. Den var länge allmogens självklara plats för nyhetsförmedling.



Kungörelserna fungerade som ett massmedium och uppläsningen från predikstolarna utgjorde en del i ett system för masskommunikation då tidningar var få och främst lästes av en bildad överklass. Detta är ämnet för denna avhandling som belyser kungörelsernas funktion i krig och fred. (Less)
Abstract
As from 1686 it was decreed by law that all government regulations, orders, edicts and other information any government official wanted to make public, had to be read out to the people by the clergy from the pulpits of all churches in Sweden and Finland at the end of the sermon. The system of communication remained in full force until the end of the 19th century and was not finally abandoned until 1942. I have treated all such announcements as a type of mass media and the method by which they were transmitted to the public as a process of mass communication. It had been developed to serve the government, which needed efficient channels of communication for its commands and regulations. The public announcements were also used for propaganda... (More)
As from 1686 it was decreed by law that all government regulations, orders, edicts and other information any government official wanted to make public, had to be read out to the people by the clergy from the pulpits of all churches in Sweden and Finland at the end of the sermon. The system of communication remained in full force until the end of the 19th century and was not finally abandoned until 1942. I have treated all such announcements as a type of mass media and the method by which they were transmitted to the public as a process of mass communication. It had been developed to serve the government, which needed efficient channels of communication for its commands and regulations. The public announcements were also used for propaganda purposes and to instil a sense of national unity and confidence in the king and his government.



The general public also made use of the communication system and fiercely defended it when the clergy wanted to abolish it as from the beginning of the 19th century. Swedish landowning peasants had the right to influence many decisions at regional and local levels. Through the public announcements they gained information about dates and places where such negotiations were to take place. Auction sales, information about things lost and found, about missing persons, criminals at large, advice on how to cure or prevent diseases, new methods in farming etc were also announced from the pulpits. An important result is that the Swedish rural population received much more information about the government at central and local levels than has until now been known. All the decisions that the Swedish parliament (Riksdag) had reached were publicly announced, as were all the public complaints (allmänna besvär) from all parts of Sweden and Finland. Another result is that the number of announcements issued at regional and local level far exceeded those issued by the King in Council. The importance of the provincial governor becomes clear.



The system for mass communication has been examined in its various historical contexts. It was first established during a period when the majority of the population lived in a society which was predominantly oral, while the government, the town dwellers and the élite were increasingly literate. These conditions lasted during a long transition period. When the whole of society had become literate the communication between government and subjects also changed in character. Modern massmedia took over some of the functions of the old system. Others became obsolete through changes in administrative practice. Paid government servants did the work that every citizen previously was expected to carry out within many public sectors such as transport, repairing roads, equipping soldiers etc. (Less)
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author
opponent
  • Ph.D. Liljewall, Britt, Göteborg
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Tidig modern historia (till ca. 1800), Modern history (up to circa 1800), legitimacy, laws and regulations, government, clergy, peasants, literate society, oral society, public announcements, mass medium, mass communication, Philology, Språkvetenskap
in
Studia Historica Lundensia
volume
2
pages
336 pages
publisher
Historiska Media/Nordic Academic Press
defense location
Department of History, Magle Stora Kyrkogata 12 A, Lund
defense date
2001-09-29 10:15
external identifiers
  • other:ISRN: LUHFDA/HFHI-2001/1102-SE+336
ISSN
1650-755X
ISBN
91-628-4906-9
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
de59c206-4664-444a-93de-424ce8a6f7fc (old id 19996)
date added to LUP
2007-05-25 15:47:13
date last changed
2018-05-29 12:11:01
@phdthesis{de59c206-4664-444a-93de-424ce8a6f7fc,
  abstract     = {As from 1686 it was decreed by law that all government regulations, orders, edicts and other information any government official wanted to make public, had to be read out to the people by the clergy from the pulpits of all churches in Sweden and Finland at the end of the sermon. The system of communication remained in full force until the end of the 19th century and was not finally abandoned until 1942. I have treated all such announcements as a type of mass media and the method by which they were transmitted to the public as a process of mass communication. It had been developed to serve the government, which needed efficient channels of communication for its commands and regulations. The public announcements were also used for propaganda purposes and to instil a sense of national unity and confidence in the king and his government.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The general public also made use of the communication system and fiercely defended it when the clergy wanted to abolish it as from the beginning of the 19th century. Swedish landowning peasants had the right to influence many decisions at regional and local levels. Through the public announcements they gained information about dates and places where such negotiations were to take place. Auction sales, information about things lost and found, about missing persons, criminals at large, advice on how to cure or prevent diseases, new methods in farming etc were also announced from the pulpits. An important result is that the Swedish rural population received much more information about the government at central and local levels than has until now been known. All the decisions that the Swedish parliament (Riksdag) had reached were publicly announced, as were all the public complaints (allmänna besvär) from all parts of Sweden and Finland. Another result is that the number of announcements issued at regional and local level far exceeded those issued by the King in Council. The importance of the provincial governor becomes clear.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The system for mass communication has been examined in its various historical contexts. It was first established during a period when the majority of the population lived in a society which was predominantly oral, while the government, the town dwellers and the élite were increasingly literate. These conditions lasted during a long transition period. When the whole of society had become literate the communication between government and subjects also changed in character. Modern massmedia took over some of the functions of the old system. Others became obsolete through changes in administrative practice. Paid government servants did the work that every citizen previously was expected to carry out within many public sectors such as transport, repairing roads, equipping soldiers etc.},
  author       = {Reuterswärd, Elisabeth},
  isbn         = {91-628-4906-9},
  issn         = {1650-755X},
  keyword      = {Tidig modern historia (till ca. 1800),Modern history (up to circa 1800),legitimacy,laws and regulations,government,clergy,peasants,literate society,oral society,public announcements,mass medium,mass communication,Philology,Språkvetenskap},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {336},
  publisher    = {Historiska Media/Nordic Academic Press},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Studia Historica Lundensia},
  title        = {Ett massmedium för folket : studier i de allmänna kungörelsernas funktion i 1700-talets samhälle},
  volume       = {2},
  year         = {2001},
}