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Enclosures from Below : The Mushaa' in Contemporary Palestine

Alkhalili, Noura LU (2017) In Antipode 49(5). p.1103-1124
Abstract

This article traces the declining fortunes of the mushaa', a once-prominent Levantine culture of common land. Palestinians managed to resist attempts by the Ottoman Empire and the British Mandate to break up the mushaa'. Under Israeli colonization, the remaining commons are now subject to another type of appropriation: individual Palestinian contractors seize hold of mushaa' land and build on it. This article introduces the concept of "enclosures from below", whilst looking at the dynamics of seizure of the commons by Palestinian refugees, who once were peasants practising mushaa' on their lands and are now landless, some having become expert contractors. I show that the contractors consider their actions to be a form of resistance... (More)

This article traces the declining fortunes of the mushaa', a once-prominent Levantine culture of common land. Palestinians managed to resist attempts by the Ottoman Empire and the British Mandate to break up the mushaa'. Under Israeli colonization, the remaining commons are now subject to another type of appropriation: individual Palestinian contractors seize hold of mushaa' land and build on it. This article introduces the concept of "enclosures from below", whilst looking at the dynamics of seizure of the commons by Palestinian refugees, who once were peasants practising mushaa' on their lands and are now landless, some having become expert contractors. I show that the contractors consider their actions to be a form of resistance against the settler colonial project, manifested in the advancing of the Wall and settlement expansion. This is described through a case study of the Shu'faat area in Jerusalem. Changing uses of mushaa' land reflect wider tendencies in the Palestinian national project that has become increasingly individualized.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
British Mandate, Contractors, Enclosures from below, Jerusalem, Mushaa', Shu'faat refugee camp
in
Antipode
volume
49
issue
5
pages
1103 - 1124
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • scopus:85016043000
  • wos:000412195700001
ISSN
0066-4812
DOI
10.1111/anti.12322
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1bcd9a80-b1a1-482a-968e-5715bb77348f
date added to LUP
2017-04-06 11:05:51
date last changed
2018-02-19 00:46:40
@article{1bcd9a80-b1a1-482a-968e-5715bb77348f,
  abstract     = {<p>This article traces the declining fortunes of the mushaa', a once-prominent Levantine culture of common land. Palestinians managed to resist attempts by the Ottoman Empire and the British Mandate to break up the mushaa'. Under Israeli colonization, the remaining commons are now subject to another type of appropriation: individual Palestinian contractors seize hold of mushaa' land and build on it. This article introduces the concept of "enclosures from below", whilst looking at the dynamics of seizure of the commons by Palestinian refugees, who once were peasants practising mushaa' on their lands and are now landless, some having become expert contractors. I show that the contractors consider their actions to be a form of resistance against the settler colonial project, manifested in the advancing of the Wall and settlement expansion. This is described through a case study of the Shu'faat area in Jerusalem. Changing uses of mushaa' land reflect wider tendencies in the Palestinian national project that has become increasingly individualized.</p>},
  author       = {Alkhalili, Noura},
  issn         = {0066-4812},
  keyword      = {British Mandate,Contractors,Enclosures from below,Jerusalem,Mushaa',Shu'faat refugee camp},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {1103--1124},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Antipode},
  title        = {Enclosures from Below : The Mushaa' in Contemporary Palestine},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/anti.12322},
  volume       = {49},
  year         = {2017},
}