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Reliability of the Turkish version of the European Obstructive Sleep Apnea Screening (EUROSAS) questionnaire for drivers

Peker, Yüksel LU ; Ozaydin, Ayse Nilüfer ; Cetinkaya, Ragip ; Kabadayi, Ekinsu ; Karakucuk, Alp Giray ; Celik, Yeliz and McNicholas, Walter T. (2020) In Sleep and Breathing
Abstract

Purpose: The European Union Driver License Committee recently developed a questionnaire as a screening tool for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) named the European Obstructive Sleep Apnea Screening (EUROSAS) questionnaire for drivers. We sought to address the reliability of the Turkish version of this questionnaire. Methods: The EUROSAS was translated into Turkish. Using a “test-retest approach”, data were collected twice with a 15-day interval among 150 participants (50 professional male drivers [PMD], 50 non-professional male drivers [NPMD], and 50 non-professional female drivers [NPFD]). The EUROSAS score ranges between 2 and 25, with scores ≥ 10 suggesting the presence of OSA. Results: The median EUROSAS scores in the first test were... (More)

Purpose: The European Union Driver License Committee recently developed a questionnaire as a screening tool for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) named the European Obstructive Sleep Apnea Screening (EUROSAS) questionnaire for drivers. We sought to address the reliability of the Turkish version of this questionnaire. Methods: The EUROSAS was translated into Turkish. Using a “test-retest approach”, data were collected twice with a 15-day interval among 150 participants (50 professional male drivers [PMD], 50 non-professional male drivers [NPMD], and 50 non-professional female drivers [NPFD]). The EUROSAS score ranges between 2 and 25, with scores ≥ 10 suggesting the presence of OSA. Results: The median EUROSAS scores in the first test were 8.0 (interquartile range [IQR] 6.8–12.0) in PMD, 8.0 (IQR 6.0–11.0) in NPMD, and 5.0 (IQR 4.0–8.0) in NPFD (p < 0.001). Corresponding values in the retest were 9.5 (IQR 7.0–13.0), 8.0 (IQR 6.0–10.0), and 5.0 (IQR 4.0–8.0), respectively (p < 0.001). The EUROSAS score ≥ 10 was found among 34% in the first test and 50% in the retest in PMD (ns), 34% vs 24% in NPMD (ns), and 8% vs 16% in NPFD (ns). There was a positive correlation between the tests (r = 0.864, p < 0.001), and Cronbach’s alpha value for the whole group was 0.477 (0.514 for PMD, 0.512 for NPMD, and 0.543 NPFD, respectively). Conclusions: The EUROSAS–Turkish version is easy to understand and is reproducible. However, the test-retest reliability level is poor among the Turkish drivers. Further validation of the questionnaire by objective sleep studies and fitness-to-drive testing is necessary.

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author
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organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Daytime sleepiness, Obstructive sleep apnea, Questionnaire, Traffic safety
in
Sleep and Breathing
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85092393935
  • pmid:33030646
ISSN
1520-9512
DOI
10.1007/s11325-020-02201-2
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1bd3163c-af01-4079-a0f6-9d0c6ef325b4
date added to LUP
2020-10-22 16:01:33
date last changed
2020-10-27 02:11:47
@article{1bd3163c-af01-4079-a0f6-9d0c6ef325b4,
  abstract     = {<p>Purpose: The European Union Driver License Committee recently developed a questionnaire as a screening tool for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) named the European Obstructive Sleep Apnea Screening (EUROSAS) questionnaire for drivers. We sought to address the reliability of the Turkish version of this questionnaire. Methods: The EUROSAS was translated into Turkish. Using a “test-retest approach”, data were collected twice with a 15-day interval among 150 participants (50 professional male drivers [PMD], 50 non-professional male drivers [NPMD], and 50 non-professional female drivers [NPFD]). The EUROSAS score ranges between 2 and 25, with scores ≥ 10 suggesting the presence of OSA. Results: The median EUROSAS scores in the first test were 8.0 (interquartile range [IQR] 6.8–12.0) in PMD, 8.0 (IQR 6.0–11.0) in NPMD, and 5.0 (IQR 4.0–8.0) in NPFD (p &lt; 0.001). Corresponding values in the retest were 9.5 (IQR 7.0–13.0), 8.0 (IQR 6.0–10.0), and 5.0 (IQR 4.0–8.0), respectively (p &lt; 0.001). The EUROSAS score ≥ 10 was found among 34% in the first test and 50% in the retest in PMD (ns), 34% vs 24% in NPMD (ns), and 8% vs 16% in NPFD (ns). There was a positive correlation between the tests (r = 0.864, p &lt; 0.001), and Cronbach’s alpha value for the whole group was 0.477 (0.514 for PMD, 0.512 for NPMD, and 0.543 NPFD, respectively). Conclusions: The EUROSAS–Turkish version is easy to understand and is reproducible. However, the test-retest reliability level is poor among the Turkish drivers. Further validation of the questionnaire by objective sleep studies and fitness-to-drive testing is necessary.</p>},
  author       = {Peker, Yüksel and Ozaydin, Ayse Nilüfer and Cetinkaya, Ragip and Kabadayi, Ekinsu and Karakucuk, Alp Giray and Celik, Yeliz and McNicholas, Walter T.},
  issn         = {1520-9512},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Sleep and Breathing},
  title        = {Reliability of the Turkish version of the European Obstructive Sleep Apnea Screening (EUROSAS) questionnaire for drivers},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11325-020-02201-2},
  doi          = {10.1007/s11325-020-02201-2},
  year         = {2020},
}